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|Centuries:||9th century – 10th century – 11th century|
|Decades:||940s 950s 960s – 970s – 980s 990s 1000s|
|Years:||975 976 977 – 978 – 979 980 981|
|978 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1731|
|Bahá'í calendar||−866 – −865|
|English Regnal year||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
3674 or 3614
— to —
戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
3675 or 3615
|- Vikram Samvat||1034–1035|
|- Shaka Samvat||900–901|
|- Kali Yuga||4079–4080|
|Igbo calendar||−22 – −21|
|Japanese calendar||Jōgen 3 / Tengen 1
|Minguo calendar||934 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1521|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 978.|
- Badìa Fiorentina, an abbey in Florence, Italy, is founded by Willa, Margravine of Tuscany.
- Ethelred II becomes king of England at age 10, following the assassination of his half-brother King Edward the Martyr.
- The revolt of Henry II, Duke of Bavaria against Otto II ends.
- England's royal mint is located at Guildford.
- The Wu-Yue State is forced to surrender to the Chinese Song Dynasty.
- One of the Four Great Books of Song, the Tàipíng guǎngjì is a Chinese encyclopedia documenting various stories of Chinese myths and subjects of theology. Divided into 500 volumes, it consists of over 3 million written Chinese characters.
- Princess Zoe of Byzantium, later Empress of the Eastern Roman Empire
- Yaroslav I the Wise, prince of Novgorod and Kiev
- March 18 – King Edward the Martyr of England, (by supporters of his half-brother)
- Abraham of Alexandria, Coptic pope
- Li Houzhu, last Chinese emperor of the Southern Tang (b. 936)