99 Percent Declaration
|99 Percent Declaration|
|Created||October 7, 2011|
|Author(s)||Open source, 99% Declaration Working Group|
The 99 Percent Declaration or 99% Declaration was a document that originated from a working group of the New York City General Assembly of the Occupy Wall Street (OWS) movement in Zuccotti Park on October 15, 2011, though the group and document have been rejected by the General Assemblies of Occupy Wall Street and Occupy Philadelphia. The document unsuccessfully called for a "National General Assembly" to be held beginning the week of July 4, 2012 in Philadelphia. The Declaration includes demands for an immediate ban on all monetary and gift contributions to all politicians, implementation of a public financing system for political campaigns, and the enactment of a Constitutional amendment overturning the Citizens United decision by the Supreme Court.
The Occupy Wall Street movement began as an advertised demonstration which posed the question "What is our one Demand?", inviting protesters to identify and rally around a particular cause. This led different individuals and groups to propose various demands including the 99 Percent Declaration.
"Occupy" protesters from across the country have said that the 99 Percent Declaration group "is simply co-opting the 'Occupy' name", and Occupy Wall Street has not endorsed the 99% Declaration, which reportedly "generated more controversy than consensus" at the New York General Assembly and was "flat out rejected by the Philadelphia General Assembly." The Occupy Philadelphia General Assembly stated that “We do not support the 99% Declaration, its group, its website, its National GA and anything else associated with it.” Occupy Wall Street released a statement indicating that "[t]he group's plans blatantly contradict OWS' Statement of Autonomy, as passed by the General Assembly at Occupy Wall Street," and clarifying that any statement issued outside of the New York City General Assembly's website "should be considered independent of Occupy Wall Street." A Washington Times editorial criticized the group's proposed restrictions on political contributions and speech, saying they "would leave us less free and show a woeful contempt for the First Amendment."
Attorney Michael Pollok had issued a press release representing himself as the group's co-founder and publicizing its plans, also expressing understanding that the NY General Assembly "fears 'co-opting' by Occupy spin-off groups like ours", but indicating his belief that "occupations and protests will not end the corporate state" and that a petition for redress of grievances is the best way to achieve the "dismantling [of] corporate control of our country".
The declaration called for a "national general assembly" of individuals from all 435 congressional districts to gather, beginning on July 4, 2012, for the purpose of assembling an unofficial list of grievances and solutions. According to the plan, delegates are to be selected via direct vote by online users who registered on the group's website before May 25, 2012; these delegates would be instructed to "attend and convene a new Continental Congress the week of July 4, 2012 in the City of Philadelphia." The document contained the following suggested "grievances and solutions": "elimination of the corporate state"; "overturning the 'Citizens United' case"; "elimination of all private benefits to public servants"; "banking and securities reform"; and "federal public financing of political campaigns and election reforms".
- Tyler Kingkade (October 18, 2011). "Occupy Wall Street Protesters Propose A National Convention, Release Potential Demands". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2012-01-23.
- Alesh Houdek (Nov 16 2011). "Has a Harvard Professor Mapped Out the Next Step for Occupy Wall Street? Lawrence Lessig's call for state-based activism on behalf of a Constitutional Convention could provide the uprooted movement with a political project for winter". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2012-01-23.
- Quan Nguyen (October 19, 2011). "‘Occupy Philadelphia’ keeps growing as move looms". Philly.com. Retrieved 2012-01-23.
- Ed Feulner and and Billie Tucker (Ed Feulner and and Billie Tucker). "FEULNER & TUCKER: Tea Party vs. Occupy Wall Street Contrary to Obama’s assertions, movements are poles apart". Washington Times. Retrieved 2012-01-23.
- Walsh, J. (October 20, 2011) "Do we know what OWS wants yet?" Salon
- Mike Dunn, (City Hall Bureau Chief) KYW Newsradio (October 19, 2011). "‘Occupy’ May Hold National Assembly In Philadelphia". CBS Philly. Retrieved 2012-01-23.
- 99% Declaration site
- Peralta, Eyder (February 24, 2012). "Occupy Wall Street Doesn't Endorse Philly Conference". npr.org. National Public Radio. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
- LaIntelligencia "99% Declaration Receives a Vote of “No Support” from OP GA" Occupy Philly Media, 15 December 2011
- "Former Occupiers, The 99% Working Group, Release New Details About Independence Day Convention in Philadelphia" (Press release). The 99% Working Group, Ltd. March 5, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2012.
- "Occupy Wall Street Demands: The 99 Percent Declaration Calls for July 4 General Assembly in Philadelphia - International Business Times". Ibtimes.com. Retrieved 2012-03-05.
- "'Occupy' to hold national conference in Philly –". Usatoday.com. 2012-02-22. Retrieved 2012-03-05.