99th Range Group
||It has been suggested that this article be merged into 98th Range Wing. (Discuss) Proposed since February 2013.|
|99th Range Group|
|Branch|| United States Air Force
(Strategic Air Command later Air Combat Command)
|Role||Military simulation, Covert operations|
1945 RBS unit
After the Colorado Springs Tent Camp gained the 1946 Fifteenth Air Force headquarters for bomber operations, including Radar Bomb Scoring (RBS), "Colorado Springs" had the 206th Army Air Force Base Unit (RBS) organized on 6 June 1945 and which initially controlled RBS detachments at Kansas City[where?] and Fort Worth Army Airfield. From August to 8 March 1946, as the 63rd AAFBU, the headquarters was at Mitchel Field on Long Island, New York, and after returning to Colorado Springs, was renamed the 263rd AAFBU. The 263rd, after transferring from 15th AF to directly under Strategic Air Command, was redesignated the 3903rd Radar Bomb Scoring Squadron (SAC) effective on 1 August 1948 and by 25 August 1949, the 3903rd RBSS controlled the nearby "Denver Bomb Plot" RBS detachment.
1951 RBS group
The 15th AF HQ departed the 1949 Ent Air Force Base for March AFB and the 3903rd went[when?] to Carswell AFB and became a group in 1951. The 1st Radar Bomb Scoring Group was activated in 1954[verification needed] and assumed the 3903d Radar Bomb Scoring Group mission.
On 1 August 1961 the 3908th Strategic Standardization Group that provided command level standardization/evaluation of SAC aircrews merged with the 1st Radar Bomb Scoring Group, with the 1CEVG Radar Bomb Scoring Division acquiring the previous RBS Group's personnel, electronic equipment, and mission. 1CEVG RBS personnel managed Combat Skyspot operations during the Vietnam War.
1989 range group
The 1CEVG's RBS Division became the 1st Electronic Combat Range Group in 1989 and the 99th Electronic Combat Range Group in 1992 when USAF required subordinate groups to carry the same number as their parent wings. In 1995 it moved to Nellis and changed its mission to management of the NTTR. In October 1995, the group moved to Nellis AFB, Nevada and was redesignated the 99th Range Group. There it assumed the mission of managing the Nevada Test and Training Range. To perform this mission it was assignged two subordinate squadrons, the 99th Range Squadron and 99th Range Support Squadron. It continued this task until its mission was transferred to its parent, the 99th Air Base Wing.
- Constituted as the 1st Electronic Combat Range Group on 1 July 1989 from the 1CEVG Radar Bomb Scoring Division
- Redesignated 99th Electronic Combat Range Group on 1 July 1992
- Redesignated 99th Range Group on 1 October 1995
- Inactivated on 7 February 2000 when the 98th Range Wing replaced the 99th Range Group of the 99th Air Base Wing (the 98RANW became the Nevada Test and Training Range in June 2011, and the 98th Southern Range Support Squadron remains.)
- 99th Strategic Weapons Wing (later 99th Tactics and Training Wing, 99th Wing, 99th Air Base Wing), 10 August 1989 - 7 February 2000
- 99th Range Squadron, 1 October 1995 - 7 February 2000
- 99th Range Support Squadron, 1 October 1995 - 7 February 2000
- 10th SHORAN Beacon Flight, 10 August 1954 - 25 July 1966
- "Chapter 2", Organizational Lineage & Honors (Air Force Instruction 84-105), 1 February 2006, "Emblem approved for the 1st Combat Evaluation Group 12 June 1958 and modified 27 November 1989. This emblem is part of the organizational honors of the 99th Range Group para 3.3.4: "During any period the group is assigned to a wing with the same number, however, it uses the wing emblem with the group designation on the scroll.""
- author tbd (9 November 1983). Hellickson, Gene—2007 transcription using Microsoft Word. ed. Historical Summary: Radar Bomb Scoring, 1945–1983 (Report). Office of History, 1st Combat Evaluation Group. http://www.mobileradar.org/Documents/hist_sum_rad_bom_scrg.pdf. Retrieved 2012-10-01. "On 6 June 1945, the 206th Army Air Force Base Unit (RBS) ( 206th AAFBU), was activated art Colorado Springs, Colorado under the command of Colonel Robert W. Burns. He assumed operational control of the two SCR-584 radar detachments located at Kansas City and Fort Worth [Det B], Texas. … On 24 July 1945, the 206th was redesignated the 63rd AAFBU (RBS) and three weeks later was moved to Mitchell [sic] Field, New York, and placed under the command of the Continental Air Force. [sic] On 5 March 1946, the organization moved back to Colorado Springs and on 8 March of the same year was redesignated the 263rd AAFBU." (html transcription available at http://www.1stcombatevaluationgroup.com/aboutus.html)
- Toro, MSgt. Radames; Barrios, MSgt. Ramon A. (1 August 1993—Third Edition). "Chapter 1: Command Overview". Space Operations Orientation Course. Peterson AFB, Colorado: 21st Crew Training Squadron. p. 3. "In 1948…the 15th Air Force, then headquartered at Ent AFB… One year later, the 15th Air Force relocated to March AFB California … January 8, 1951…the Air Force established the Air Defense Command (ADC) at Ent AFB."
- AFOMO Letter 241j, 9 June 1954, Subject: Constitution and Activation of the 1st Radar Bomb Scoring Group and Certain Other USAF Units.
- Bailey, Carl E. Lineage and Honors History of the 99th Range Group, Air Force Historical Research Agency (does not include commanders after 1975)