9 to 5 (musical)

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9 to 5: The Musical
9 to 5 (musical).png
Music Dolly Parton
Lyrics Dolly Parton
Book Patricia Resnick
Basis 1980 film 9 to 5
Productions 2008 Los Angeles (try-out)
2009 Broadway
2010 US Tour
2012 UK Tour

9 to 5: The Musical is a musical based on the 1980 movie of the same name, with music and lyrics by Dolly Parton. It features a book by Patricia Resnick, based on the screenplay by Resnick and Colin Higgins. The musical premiered in Los Angeles in September 2008, and opened on Broadway in April 2009. It received 15 Drama Desk Award nominations, the most received by a production in a single year, as well as 4 Tony Awards nominations. The Broadway production however was short-lived, closing in September 2009. A national tour of the US launched in 2010, followed by a UK premiere in 2012.

Production History[edit]

Development[edit]

Megan Hilty.jpg

A reading of the musical was held on January 19, 2007, with a cast including Tracey Ullman, Allison Janney, Megan Hilty, Stephanie J. Block, Norm Lewis and Marc Kudisch. A revised draft was tested in a week-long workshop beginning on June 20, 2007, with an industry presentation in New York on June 28, 2007. Additional performers included Bebe Neuwirth and Andy Karl.[1]

Los Angeles try-out (2008)[edit]

The musical had a world premiere out-of-town engagement at the Center Theatre Group's Ahmanson Theatre in Los Angeles beginning previews September 9, 2008. The official opening night took place on September 20, on a run through October 19.[2] It won two Los Angeles Drama Critics Circle Awards, for Musical Score (Parton) and for Choreography (Andy Blankenbuehler).[3]

Following the Los Angeles run, a lawsuit was filed by the estate of Colin Higgins, the film's co-screenwriter and director, against Higgins' former attorney, now representing Resnick, for the musical's failure "to secure Mr. Higgins’s stage rights for the musical project," among other issues.[4]

Broadway (2009)[edit]

Previews began on Broadway at the Marquis Theatre on April 7, 2009, with an official opening on April 30.[5] Joe Mantello directed, with a cast that featured Allison Janney, Stephanie J. Block, Megan Hilty and Marc Kudisch. The production closed on September 6, 2009 after 24 previews and 148 regular performances.[6]

US Tour (2010-11)[edit]

The first national tour of the United States began at the Tennessee Performing Arts Center in Nashville on September 21, 2010. Jeff Calhoun took over as director and choreographer, in the production that featured Dee Hoty, Mamie Parris, Diana DeGarmo and Joseph Mahowald in the lead roles. In preparing the musical for the tour,

Stephanie J Block 10092008.jpg

Calhoun stated that in "believing that a short show is a happy show, we [have] jettisoned a second act song for the character of Mr. Hart, repositioned Roz's song in Act One and tried to make invisible cuts to the book."[7]

The 10-month tour concluded on July 31, 2011 at the Bass Performance Hall in Fort Worth, Texas.[8]

UK Tour (2012-)[edit]

The re-vamped 9 to 5 began its first national tour of the United Kingdom at the Manchester Opera House from October 12, 2012.[9][10] Headlining the cast were Jackie Clune, Natalie Casey, Amy Lennox, Ben Richards and Bonnie Langford. Since Bonnie Langford left in early 2013, Anita Louise Combe took over the role of Roz. Jeff Calhoun returns as director.[11]

Regional Productions[edit]

The regional theatre premiere was held at the Barter Theatre in Abingdon, Virginia from February 23 to May 12, 2012.[12] Subsequent regional productions took place at the Dutch Apple Dinner Theatre (March 15-April 28, 2012),[13] Pointe Performing Arts Center in Orlando, Florida (March 30-April 15, 2012), The Music Theatre in Wichita, Kansas (June 22-July 1, 2012),[14] Auburn, New York's Merry-Go-Round Playhouse (June 27-July 18, 2012),[15] The Patchogue Theatre for the Performing Arts in Patchogue, NY (July 18-August 4, 2012),[16] Rhode Island's Theatre By The Sea (July 18-August 11, 2012), the Ogunquit Playhouse (September), [17] and Albuquerque's Little Theatre (October 19-November 11, 2012). [18] 3-D Theatricals in Southern California will open a production on February 8th, 2013 at Louis E. Plummer Auditorium in Fullerton and March 1st, 2013 at the Redondo Beach Performing Arts Center. From June 21-30, 2013, The Wagon Wheel Theatre from June 19-29 wagonwheeltheatre.org, The Grand Opera House in Dubuque will host a production. From July 19 - August 3, 2013, it shall presented by Minnetonka Theatre, Minnetonka, MN.http://www.minnetonkatheatre.com/. On September 2nd, 2014, 9 to 5 opened at the Walnut Street Theater in Philadelphia. The show closed on October 19th and featured Dee Hoty as Violet, Amy Bodnar as Doralee and Amanda Rose as Judy.

Casts[edit]

Below is the principal casting of all major productions of the musical.

Role Original Broadway Cast Original US Tour Cast Original UK Tour Cast
Violet Newstead Allison Janney Dee Hoty Jackie Clune
Judy Bernly Stephanie J. Block Mamie Parris Natalie Casey
Doralee Rhodes Megan Hilty Diana DeGarmo Amy Lennox
Franklin Hart, Jr. Marc Kudisch Joseph Mahowald Ben Richards
Roz Keith Kathy Fitzgerald Kristine Zbornik Bonnie Langford
Joe Andy Karl Gregg Goodbrod Mark Willshire

Plot[edit]

Act I[edit]

As the clocks ring and the workers wake up, Violet, Doralee, and Judy prepare for work ("9 to 5"). The workers begin another mundane and hellish day at work under Franklin Hart, Jr., president of Consolidated Industries. Judy and Violet meet for the first time and Judy reveals she does not have any work experience, but Violet states she will be proud to train her and gives her a few tips and pointers for surviving office life ("Around Here"). Franklin Hart, Jr., is a domineering and equally lecherous man, who lusts after his secretary, Doralee, and has no shame in making those feelings known, which discomfits Doralee ("Here for You"). Judy is having major issues on her first day (such as being unable to work a Xerox machine) and feels there is something more inhibiting her. All three women, in separate settings, share mutual feelings, but all feel they can overcome it and make it all work out in the end ("I Just Might"). A new day rises upon the begrudged workers of Consolidated and life resumes as normal. Around the lunch hour, Doralee and Judy speak for the first time as Doralee asks Judy to go to lunch with her, but Judy subtly refuses and Doralee doesn't know why. She then reflects on her whole life, about just being a pretty face and nothing much more ("Backwoods Barbie"). Violet is passed over for yet another promotion, which angers her since it is somebody that she personally trained. After a heated confrontation in Hart's office, Doralee finds out about Hart's rumor about their supposed 'affair', which infuriates her to the point of threatening him. All three of the women, who are now seemingly united in their contempt for Hart, go back to Violet's house and light up a joint. Suddenly, each woman lapses into a murderous fantasy involving Mr. Hart; Judy as an unforgiving femme fatale ("The Dance O' Death"), Doralee as a crack rodeo star ("Cowgirl's Revenge"), and Violet as a deranged Snow White ("Potion Notion"). All of these sadistic fantasies soon culminate into a celebration of Hart's death, which is quickly nixed after Hart is discovered alive ("Joy to the Girls").

The next day at the office, Violet unwittingly acts out her fantasy and believes she put rat poison into Hart's coffee. They all go to the hospital in panic, but learn he was never there. Roz overheard the ladies in the bathroom and tells Hart, who concocts a plan to scare them by pretending he was actually poisoned and to threaten them with the police. After Hart leaves, Roz sings a song confessing her obsessive love and fantasies for him ("Heart to Hart"). Hart confronts Doralee with the information and Doralee, acting on a fight or flight instinct, rips the phones out and ties up Hart with the wires, which he seems to get a quasi-sexual pleasure from. The women are seemingly puzzled as to what to do with Hart, but Judy and Violet create a plan in which they will imprison Hart in his own house. As they are carrying out their plan, they sing to Hart their issues with him and the problems in their own lives, but will begin to make the changes in their lives and have confidence to succeed ("Shine Like the Sun"). The women, empowered, have restrained Hart to a mechanical harness above his bed.

Act II[edit]

After the Entr'acte, in Hart's office the three women are pondering on how they can keep the office in the dark about Hart's disappearance, when Doralee's skill of being able to forge Hart's signature comes into play. Judy and Doralee both point out to Violet that she is, in a sense, the new Operating Officer of the company. Violet then lapses in a fantasy and sings a song about she is now a hard-hitter like the rest of the male employees (who seems to rank above the women) ("One of the Boys"). Roz begins to get nosy and wonders where Hart actually is, which creates a new obstacle for the ladies to rid of. Judy formulates the idea to send Roz to a one month language seminar to learn French, which isn't necessary and is only a way to rid of her. Roz receives the memo from Violet and is heartbroken, because she believes that Hart doesn't like her, and that the time she isn't at work is lonely and boring ("5 to 9"). As Hart is still strung up in his bedroom, he passes time by watching countless hours of soap operas. Doralee enters to give him a meal and Hart lashes out at her saying that he still has the control and will use it when he is free. Doralee brushes him off and leaves the room. Hart begins to recount how most of the men in history had "downfalls" by women and that he is no different, which angers him ("Always a Woman").

Back at the office, the new changes the women have made under Hart's name have seemed to ease the workers' lives and changed their outlook on work ("Change It"). Joe, who has shown admiration toward Violet through the show, asking her out many times, confronts her and asks why she rebuffs him. She claims she was a "one-man woman" and that her husband's death three years before has prevented her from dating again. Joe tells her that it is time to move on and possibly give someone new a chance ("Let Love Grow"). Violet accepts, as they walk out of the scene holding hands. Later on that evening, Judy's ex-husband, Dick, shows up at Hart's house and asks her to take him back (since his secretary girlfriend dumped him). She rebuffs him and states she is a changed woman who will not crawl back to someone who broke her heart, showing strength as she orders him to leave ("Get Out and Stay Out").

The next day, Hart storms into the office with Judy hostage, which shocks the women, who have collected evidence about Hart's "creative accounting" and embezzling practices to use against him. The women, seemingly defeated, prepare to submit to Hart's wishes when they learn that the CEO of Consolidated, Mr. Tinsworthy, is paying a visit. The women and Hart meet Tinsworthy, who, after noting the changes in office life, gives the credit to Hart. Violet and the others step up and say they made the changes, but are shot down. However, in a comedic twist, Tinsworthy sends Hart to manage the South American branch in Bolivia. Violet is then promoted to Hart's position as President of the company and a celebration ensues, while Roz is devastated over the loss of her obsession. The characters deliver epilogues about what happened after the events of the story (Finale: "9 to 5" Reprise). Hart was captured by natives in the jungles of Bolivia and was never seen or heard from again. Roz found a new love - Hart's wife. Violet and Joe have been together for the past 30 years and are very happy together. Doralee went to Nashville and became a successful country western singer. Judy is single and loving it and wrote a bestselling book, Life Without Dick.

Musical Numbers[edit]

Notes

† Removed for the US National Tour

†† Removed from the UK Tour and replaced with "Sexist, Egotistical, Lying, Hypocritical, Bigot"

* Added to production after Los Angeles pre-Broadway run

§ Has been recorded/covered by Dolly Parton on a studio album or EP

Other Songs[edit]

The following songs were in the Los Angeles pre-Broadway run and have since been cut from the final version of the Broadway production.[19]

  • "Out of Control": This song took place during the scene where Judy is using the Xerox machine. The song begins after Violet leaves Judy alone with the copy machine, having instructed her on how to use it. As the song progresses, Judy begins to feel confident that she is finally doing something right. Then suddenly the machine begins to go crazy; papers flying all over the place, etc. The aforementioned is what is currently present in the musical.
  • "Tattletales": A song performed in the office cafeteria when Judy is eating lunch with Violet and the girls. They ask Judy to "spill her story" and she refuses. Kathy (Ann Harada's originated role) urges her to tell them and the cafeteria patrons all begin to explain how they "learned to gossip". Doralee enters in the middle of the song, wearing Judy's scarf, and the girls continue to spread rumors.
  • "9 to 5" (Reprise) / "The One I Love": In the current and final version of the show a song called "I Just Might" takes place over these two songs. "9 to 5" (Reprise) was a small song that takes place as the Consolidated employees head home at 5PM after a long day of work. "The One I Love" comes shortly afterwards and involves each of the three women at home either chatting with their husbands or with their children. Judy explicates that she may still love and have feelings for her ex-husband Dick, Violet with her son, and Doralee with her husband.
  • "I Killed the Boss!": As Judy, Violet, and Doralee are at the hospital, they hear a doctor explaining to someone that "he is dead". Violet, believing that the doctor was speaking of Franklin, has become overly dramatic and thinks that she has killed Franklin by putting the rat poison in his coffee.
  • "Mundania" / "Mundania" (Reprise): The song basically has the same message as "Always a Woman" which replaced these songs. Franklin is "hanging around" bored doing nothing and is finally sick and tired of the trio of girls and attempts to escape. He finally escapes during the reprise.
  • "Willin'" / "Well-Oiled Machine": Was replaced by "Change It" and has the same meaning. The Consolidated employees are puzzled and concerned by all of Mr. Hart's changes and the girls urge them to continue working as a team.

9 to 5 uses a rock combo including keyboards, guitars, bass, drums, percussion, two woodwind players, two trumpets and trombone.

Recordings[edit]

An original Broadway cast recording was recorded on May 3, and May 4, 2009, at Legacy Recording Studios in New York. The cast recording of the show was available on July 14, 2009 through all digital formats (including iTunes), and through Parton's official website.[20][21][22] The hard-copy CD was available on July 28, 2009. It was released ahead of schedule at the Marquis Theatre (July 2, 2009). The cast recording has 18 tracks and features the entire original score minus the Act II entr'acte.[23] On December 4, 2009, when the Grammy Award nominees were announced, the cast recording was nominated for Best Musical Show Album.

Critical response[edit]

Los Angeles

The Los Angeles try-outs received mixed reviews from critics. Variety praised the three female leads but suggested cutting act one: "Giant production numbers lose sight of character and quickly wear out their welcome." Further, the review praised the choreography, design, and Parton's music, saying that the "score mostly achieves its intended goals of variety, build and likability, at its best nailing character with images as resonant as the title tune's 'Pour myself a cup of ambition.'" The review noted: "Joe Mantello consistently indulges business in dubious taste."[24] The Theatremania.com review, while praising the choreography, costumes, set and performances of the female leads, concluded that "ultimately, the whole enterprise lacks the freshness it needs to make it a truly first-rate musical."[25] The Ventura County Star praised the director and choreographer, "along with music director Stephen Oremus, whose arrangements add to the texture of the show... the classy Allison Janney and two actor-songbirds, Megan Hilty and Stephanie J. Block, who carry the delightful burden of keeping the faith with much more of Parton's energizing, warmhearted way with words and music".[26] The Orange County Register praised the three female leads but wrote that "this production is more tricked out than it needs to be. Director Joe Mantello and his creative team have spent a great deal of time and energy turning a modest story about office politics into a bells-and-whistles Broadway show".[27]

Broadway

Following the Broadway opening, Ben Brantley of the New York Times described the show as an "overinflated whoopee cushion" and a "gaudy, empty musical" that "piles on the flashy accessories like a prerecession hedge funder run amok at Barney’s." He thought the stage adaptation turns its "feminist revenge story into an occasion for lewd slapstick (which feels about as up-to-date as the 1940s burlesque revue Hellzapoppin) and a mail-order catalog of big production numbers, filtered through that joyless aesthetic that pervaded the 1970s." He added, "The comic sensibility certainly feels vintage, rather in the smirky mode of sitcoms like Three's Company. The governing philosophy seems to be that it’s O.K. to leer if you wink at your own prurience... That’s true of much of the show. Its broad flirtation with tastelessness reminds you of how stylishly Mel Brooks played with brazen vulgarity in The Producers."[28]

In the New York Daily News, Joe Dziemianowicz rated the production three out of five stars. He thought the "bouncy, big-hearted songs" were "fresh and original," although "Not every tune is a home run, and some lyrics are too plain-spoken. But enough of them stand out." He thought the creative team "has struggled to open the show up for the stage." In conclusion he said, "Is 9 to 5 as hip as TV's The Office or as joyously hit-filled as How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying? No, but if you're looking for a little diversion, it will do the trick from 8 to 10:15."[29]

Linda Winer of Newsday called it "lavish and harmless entertainment... with a shiny-colored and efficient score" and said "the squarely old-fashioned show fills a tourist-ready Hollywood slot left vacant by Legally Blonde and Hairspray. The thing feels less created than assembled from recycled musical-comedy components, but Broadway doesn't have one of these right now, and summer approaches."[30]

Writing for the New York Post, Elizabeth Vincentelli rated the show three out of four stars and called it "goofily entertaining." About Dolly Parton she said, "It shouldn't surprise anybody she's taken so well to the stage: She's always been a storyteller first and foremost. Her countrified pop, enhanced by fiddle and pedal-steel guitar, fits perfectly on Broadway. Of all the mainstream artists who've tried their hand at show music in the past few years, she may be the most convincing."[31]

Variety critic David Rooney thought that, although the material showcasing the female leads "is an uneven cut-and-paste job that struggles to recapture the movie's giddy estrogen rush, plenty of folks will nonetheless find this a nostalgic crowd-pleaser." He continued, "As composer-lyricist of the country-flavored pop score, Parton is a significant presence... not just in the evergreen title tune but particularly in a handful of new songs... [that] reveal the songwriter's authentic personality," and concluded, "The pleasures of 9 to 5 are less guilty, but they're also less satisfying than they should be. The promising material and terrific performers are too often sold short by clumsy story-building, overwhelming sets and unfocused direction."[32]

Ed Pilkington of The Guardian called the stage adaptation "a triumph" and praised Parton, describing her as "the real star of the show" and adding, "She is not on stage, but her presence fills it. She has composed a set of songs, accompanied with her own lyrics, that complement the original song. The greatest triumph of the night was that the film has been reinvented as a musical so successfully. It seemed improbable, given the cult status of the movie, but the stage show has met it and raised it, rather than being its pale imitation."[33]

Awards and Nominations[edit]

Los Angeles Try-Out[edit]

Year Award Ceremony Category Nominee Result
2008 LA Ovation Award[34] Best Book/Lyrics/Music for an Original Musical Dolly Parton and Patricia Resnick Nominated
Lead Actress in a Musical Megan Hilty Nominated
Allison Janney Nominated
Best Scenic Design - Large Theatre Scott Pask Nominated
Best Costume Design - Large Theatre William Ivey Long Nominated
Best Lighting Design - Large Theatre Jules Fisher and Peggy Eisenhauer Nominated
Best Sound Design - Large Theatre John H. Shivers Nominated
Los Angeles Drama Critics Circle Award[35] Best Musical Score Dolly Parton Won
Best Choreography Andy Blankenbuehler Won

Original Broadway Production[edit]

Year Award Ceremony Category Nominee Result
2009 Drama Desk Award[36] Outstanding Musical Nominated
Outstanding Book of a Musical Patricia Resnick Nominated
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Allison Janney Won
Stephanie J. Block Nominated
Megan Hilty Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Marc Kudisch Nominated
Outstanding Director of a Musical Joe Mantello Nominated
Outstanding Choreography Andy Blankenbuehler Nominated
Outstanding Music Dolly Parton Nominated
Outstanding Lyrics Nominated
Outstanding Orchestrations Bruce Coughlin Nominated
Outstanding Set Design Scott Pask Nominated
Outstanding Costume Design William Ivey Long Nominated
Outstanding Lighting Design Jules Fisher and Kenneth Posner Nominated
Outstanding Sound Design John H. Shivers Nominated
Drama League Award[37] Distinguished Production of a Musical Nominated
Distinguished Performance Megan Hilty Nominated
Allison Janney Nominated
Grammy Award[38] Best Musical Show Album Nominated
Outer Critics Circle Award Outstanding Actress in a Musical Megan Hilty Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Kathy Fitzgerald Nominated
Outstanding Choreographer Andy Blankenbuehler Nominated
Tony Award Best Original Score Dolly Parton Nominated
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Allison Janney Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Marc Kudisch Nominated
Best Choreography Andy Blankenbuehler Nominated

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jones, Kenneth."A Cup of Ambition: '9 to 5' Musical Takes Next Step in NYC Reading with Neuwirth, Janney, Block" Playbill.com, June 20, 2007
  2. ^ Gans, Andrew and Jones, Kenneth."A Cup of Ambition: '9 to 5': The Musical Comes to Life Sept. 9 in Los Angeles" Playbill.com, September 9, 2008
  3. ^ Jones, Kenneth. "Parton Gets L.A. Critics Award for '9 to 5'; Friedman, Glover, Louis & Keely Also Win" Playbill.com, March 17, 2009
  4. ^ Itzkoff, Dave. "'9 to 5' Musical Spawns Lawsuit" The New York Times, January 21, 2009
  5. ^ Jones, Kenneth. "Hello, Dolly! '9 to 5' Books Broadway's Marquis; Full Casting Announced" Playbill.com, July 15, 2008
  6. ^ Jones, Kenneth."Punching Out: 9 to 5 Will Close Sept. 6; Tour Will Launch in Nashville," Playbill.com, July 29, 2009
  7. ^ Jones, Kenneth."Dee Hoty, Mamie Parris and Diana DeGarmo Star in '9 to 5' Tour; Script Revisions Made" Playbill.com, September 21, 2010
  8. ^ [1] 9to5themusical.com[dead link]
  9. ^ Ambassador Theatre Group Official Website - Dolly Parton's '9 to 5' Tour Page atgtickets.com
  10. ^ STAGE TUBE: Dolly Parton Talks New Musical, '9 to 5' UK Tour and More Broadwayworld.com, March 26, 2012
  11. ^ "Cast: Bonnie Langford clocks in for 9 to 5: The Musical". Whatsonstage. (Whatsonstage). 29 June 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012. 
  12. ^ Shows bartertheatre.com
  13. ^ Season dutchapple.com
  14. ^ Music Theatre of Wichita mtwichita.org
  15. ^ Merry-Go-Round Playhouse announces 2012 show lineup auburnpub.com
  16. ^ http://gatewayplayhouse.com/2012/9to5.htm
  17. ^ "Rhode Island's Theatre By the Sea Will Stage How to Succeed…, '9 to 5', 'Sound of Music' in 2012" Playbill.com
  18. ^ http://albuquerquelittletheatre.org/see-a-show/2012-2013-season/main-stage-season/
  19. ^ "9 to 5" LA Pre-Broadway Showbill, Ahmanson Theatre, pp1-16" CenterTheatreGroup.org, accessed August 25, 2011
  20. ^ "iTunes Store: '9 to 5' OBCR" itunes.apple.com, accessed August 25, 2011
  21. ^ DollyPartonMusic.Net dollypartonmusic.net, accessed August 25, 2011
  22. ^ "'9 to 5 The Musical' (Original Cast Recording)" Amazon.com, accessed August 25, 2011
  23. ^ "Dolly Partons Score For '9 TO 5' Released" broadwayworld.com, June 10, 2009
  24. ^ Verini, Bob. "9 to 5: The Musical", Variety, September 21, 2008
  25. ^ Schwartz, Jonas. 9 to 5: The Musical, theatermania.com, Sep 22, 2008
  26. ^ Moran, Rita. "Janney, talented cast shine in Dolly Parton's new '9 to 5'", venturacountystar.com, September 25, 2008
  27. ^ Hodgins, Paul. "'9 to 5' scores 7 out of 10", ocregister.com, September 21, 2008
  28. ^ Brantley, Ben."'9 to 5' Sisterhood vs. Boss, On a New Battlefield"The New York Times, May 1, 2009
  29. ^ Dziemianowicz, Joe."Dolly Parton's tunes work in '9 to 5'"New York Daily News, April 30, 2009
  30. ^ StoryNewsday, May 1, 2009[dead link]
  31. ^ Vincentelli, Elizabeth."Parton's Musical Works"New York Post, May 1, 2009, p.45
  32. ^ Rooney, David."Legit Reviews:'9 to 5: The Musical'"Variety, April 30, 2009, p.22
  33. ^ Pilkington, Ed."The sweet revenge of a backwoods Barbie in '9 to 5: The Musical'"The Guardian, April 30, 2009
  34. ^ "2008/2009 Ovation Nominees lastageblog.com, accessed August 25, 2011
  35. ^ Kenneth Jones."Parton Gets L.A. Critics Award for '9 to 5'; Friedman, Glover, Louis & Keely Also Win" Playbill.com, March 17, 2009
  36. ^ Drama Desk Nominees Announced; 9 to 5 Garners Record-Breaking 15 Noms Retrieved April 29, 2013
  37. ^ Gans, Andrew."'Billy', 'Carnage', 'Hair', 'Blithe' and 'Rush' Win Drama League Awards" Playbill.com, May 15, 2009
  38. ^ "'Ain't Misbehavin, 'Hair', '9 to 5', 'Shrek', 'West Side Story', Liza Nominated for Grammy Awards" broadwayworld.com, December 2, 2009

External links[edit]