9th (Secunderabad) Division

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For the World War II formation, see 9th Infantry Division (India).
9th (Secunderabad) Division
Active 1903 - 1922
Country British India
Allegiance British Crown
Branch British Indian Army
Type Infantry
Role Internal Security
Size Division
Part of Southern Army

The 9th (Secunderabad) Division was a formation of the British Indian Army. It was part of the Southern Army and was formed in 1904[1] after Lord Kitchener was appointed Commander-in-Chief, India between 1902 and 1909. He instituted large-scale reforms, including merging the three armies of the Presidencies into a unified force and forming higher level formations, eight army divisions, and brigading Indian and British units. Following Kitchener's reforms, the British Indian Army became "the force recruited locally and permanently based in India, together with its expatriate British officers."[2] The Division remained in India on internal security duties during World War I, but some of it brigades were transferred to serve with other units. Its 9th (Secunderabad) Cavalry Brigade, traveled to France and served on the Western Front as part of the 2nd Indian Cavalry Division. The 27th Banglore Brigade served in East Africa as part of the Indian Expeditionary Force B. Force B was broken up in December 1914 and its units used for the defence of East Africa. [3][4][5]

Indian Army Gun crew East Africa

Composition in 1914[edit]

Divisional Commander, Lt General Woon

9th Secunderabad Cavalry Brigade[edit]

Commander Brigadier General Wadeson

1st Secunderabad Infantry Brigade[edit]

Commander Major General Wilkinson

2nd Secunderabad Infantry Brigade[edit]

Commander Brigadier General Rodwell

27th Bangalore Brigade[edit]

Commander Brigadier General Wapshare

Later formed the Indian Expeditionary Force B for service in British East Africa the formation was;

Southern Brigade[edit]

Commander Brigadier General W Hamilton

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sumner, p. 4
  2. ^ Oxford History of the British Army
  3. ^ a b c d e f "warpath". 
  4. ^ a b "cwgc.org". 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "orbat". 
  • Sumner, Ian. The Indian Army 1914-1947. Osprey Publishing. Oxford. 2001. ISBN 1-84176-196-6

Further reading[edit]

Perry, F.W. & Becke, A.F. (1945). History of the Great War: Order of Battle of Divisions: Indian Army Divisions Pt. 5B. London HMSO. ISBN 1-871167-23-X
Haythornthwaite P.J. (1992). The World War One Sourcebook, Arms and Armour Press.
Moberly, F.J. (1923). Official History of the War: Mesopotamia Campaign, Imperial War Museum. ISBN 1-870423-30-5