9th Airborne Division (United States)

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9th Airborne Division
USA - 9 ABN DIV.svg
9th Airborne Division shoulder sleeve insignia
Active Operation Quicksilver
Country  United States
Branch United States Army
Type Parachute
Role Diversion Phantom Formation
US infantry divisions (1939–present)
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8th Infantry Division (Inactive) 10th Mountain Division

The 9th Airborne Division of the United States Army was a was a 'ghost division'/military deception created in 1944 as part of Fortitude South II [1]

The division was initially depicted as being under the direct command of Fourteenth United States Army with its headquarters located in Leicester, Leicestershire in June 1944. In the Pas de Calais landings it and the US 21st Airborne Division were to be dropped behind the US XXXVII Corps beachheads. In August 1944 it was notionally transferred to the direct command of First United States Army Group.[1]

In the aftermath of Fortitude South, the notional United States 9th and 21st and British 2nd Airborne Divisions and the real United States 17th Airborne Division were used to depict an airborne threat to the Kiel-Bremen area in support of Operation Market Garden.[2]

Finally, in November 1944 it was announced that the division had been merged with the 21st Airborne Division to form the 13th Airborne Division, a real unit that was about to be deployed to France.

Composition[edit]

In addition to the usual divisional support units the 9th Airborne Division was notionally composed of:[1]

  • 196th Glider Infantry Regiment
  • 199th Glider Infantry Regiment
  • 523rd Parachute Infantry Regiment

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Holt (2005). p. 901.
  2. ^ Hesketh (1999). p. 306.

References[edit]