9th Guards Motor Rifle Division

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22nd Tank Corps (1942)
5th Mechanized Corps (1942-1944)
9th Guards Mechanized Corps (1944-1945)
9th Guards Mechanized Division (1945-1957)
9th Guards Motor Rifle Division (1957-1960)
Soviet Guards Order.png
Active 1942 - 1960
Country Soviet Union
Branch Soviet Ground Forces
Type Mechanized infantry
Role Armored warfare
Size Division, Mechanized Corps
Engagements World War II
Cold War

The 9th Guards Motor Rifle Division was a Soviet Army unit initially formed as a tank corps in April 1942. In the same year, it was then formed as a mechanized corps in November 1942.[2] This unit then became a Guards mechanized corps in September 1944. Following World War II, the corps were reorganized as a mechanized division in 1945 and then a motor rifle division in 1957 before being disbanded in 1960.

The unit formed as the 22nd Tank Corps on 3 April 1942 and was subordinated to the 38th and 4th Tank Armies of the Southwestern and Stalingrad Fronts. In September 1942, following heavy losses around Kalach,[3] the corps moved into the Stavka reserve and was reorganized as the second instance (formation) of the 5th Mechanized Corps. During 1943, the 5th Mechanized Corps was mainly assigned as a Stavka reserve asset or as a reserve of the Western Front. The corps was assigned to the 6th Tank Army in February 1944 and achieved Guards status on 12 September 1944,[4] being retitled as the 9th Guards Mechanized Corps. As such, the corps remained with the 6th Guards Tank Army for the remainder of the war in Europe, and was then transferred with its parent army to the far east, seeing action against Japanese forces under the direction of the Transbaikal Front.

The corps was in combat near Kalach in 1942, Smolensk and Lenino in 1943, Korsun and Iasi-Kishinev in 1944, and at Budapest and Vienna in 1945, as well as fighting in the Manchurian Operation in September 1945.[5]

The 9th Guards Mechanized Corps was notable for its use of U.S. lend-lease M4 Sherman tanks during 1944-45.[6]

The 9th Guards Mechanized Corps, like all Soviet mechanized corps, was reorganized as a division in 1945-46 and was renamed the 9th Guards Mechanized Division. By 1957, the division had been retitled the 9th Guards Motor Rifle Division.[7] The division was part of the 6th Guards Mechanized (formerly tank) Army in the Transbaikal Military District[8] before the division was disbanded in 1960.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Feskov, p. 68.
  2. ^ Glantz (Companion), p. 89 and 93.
  3. ^ Erickson, p. 369.
  4. ^ Glantz (Companion), p. 93.
  5. ^ Poirier, p. 105, 126, and 146.
  6. ^ english.iremember.ru
  7. ^ Feskov, p. 71.
  8. ^ Feskov, p. 40.
  9. ^ Feskov, p. 71.
  • Erickson, John. The Road to Stalingrad, Yale University Press, 1995.
  • Feskov et al., The Soviet Army in the period of the Cold War, Tomsk University Publishing House, 2004.
  • Glantz, David, Companion to Colussus Reborn, University Press of Kansas, 2005.
  • Poirier, Robert G., and Conner, Albert Z., The Red Army Order of Battle in the Great Patriotic War, Presidio Press, 1985.