9th century in Serbia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Serbian Cross1.svg 9th century in Serbia Serbian Cross1.svg
Key events:
Chronology:
Part of a series on the
History of Serbia
Serbian cross
Timeline
Portal icon Serbia portal

Events from the 9th century in, or regarding, Historic Serbia or Serbs.

Monarchs[edit]

The following, of the Vlastimirović dynasty, ruled Serbia:

Events[edit]

  • 805
  • around 814
    • Višeslav is succeeded by his son Radoslav.
  • 818
    • Braničevci and Timočani, together with other tribes of the frontier, revolted and seceded from Omurtag's Bulgaria because of an administrative reform that deprived them of much of their local authority.[2][3] They left the association (societas) of the Bulgarian Empire and sought, together with many other Slavic tribes, protection from Holy Roman Emperor Louis the Pious, meeting him at his court at Herstal.[4]
  • 819–822
    • Ljudevit Posavski leads an uprising against the Franks (819). According to the Royal Frankish Annals, (written 822), Ljudevit went from his seat in Sisak to the Serbs somewhere in western Bosnia – the Serbs are mentioned as controlling the greater part of Dalmatia ("Sorabos, quae natio magnam Dalmatiae partem obtinere dicitur").[5][6]
  • around 822
    • Radoslav is succeeded by his son Prosigoj.
  • 822
    • Braničevci and Timočani and other frontier tribes come under Frankish rule.[7]
  • In 823
  • 824–827
    • Timok and Branicevo would be of dispute between the Franks and Bulgars, the Khan sent embassies in 824 and 826 seeking to settle the border dispute, but was neglected.[9][10] The Bulgarian Empire subsequently annex the region again.
  • 827
    • Omurtag invades Frankish Croatia using boats sailing from the Danube up the Drave, spreading destruction. The Slavs and other tribes on its banks were cowed into submission, and agreed to accept Bulgar governors.[11]
  • by 836
    • It is thought that the rapid extension of Bulgars over Slavs to the south prompted the Serbs to unite into a state under Vlastimir.[12]
    • Vlastimir united several Serbian tribes,[13] and Emperor Theophilos (r. 829–842) probably granted the Serbs independence,[14] thus the Serbs acknowledged nominal overlordship of the Emperor.[12]
  • ca 839
    • In c. 839 Doge of Venice Pietro Tradonico headed with a large fleet towards the Narentines. They subsequently made peace and renewed a treaty, that would stop the piracy against the Republic of Venice.[15] They however, shortly thereafter, plundered the Venetian borders under the leadership of Uneslav and Diodor.[16] Ljudislav, the Narentine ruler that defeated Doge Pietro in 840, was possibly a co-ruler or successor of Drosaico.[17]
  • 839–842
    • Khan Presian I of Bulgaria[18] (r. 836–852) invades Serbian territory between 839–842 (see Bulgarian–Serbian Wars). The invasion led to a 3-year war, Vlastimir was victorious;[19] Khan Presian made no territorial gain, was heavily defeated and lost many of his men as the Serbs had a tactival advantage in the hills,[20] Presian was driven out by the army of Vlastimir.[21] The war ended with the death of Theophilos in 842, which released Vlastimir from his obligations to the Byzantine Empire.[22]
  • after 842, before 846
  • after 847
    • Soon after 846, with the end of the Thirty Years’ truce, Malamir (or Presian) invaded the regions of the Struma and the Nestos, Empress-Regent Theodora answered by attacking Thracian Bulgaria.[20] A brief peace was concluded, then Malamir proceeded to invade Macedonia.[12][20] The Bulgarians soon annexed Ohrid, Bitola and Devol.[21]
  • 847/848
  • ca 850
    • Vlastimir dies. He is succeeded by his sons: Mutimir, Strojimir and Gojnik. Mutimir holds the supreme power.
  • 853/854
    • The Bulgar Army led by Vladimir, the son of Boris I of Bulgaria, invaded Serbia in an attempt for vengeance for the previous defeat of Presian 839–842 against Vlastimir. The Serbian Army was led by Mutimir and his brothers, which defeated the Bulgars, capturing Vladimir and 12 boyars.[28] Boris I and Mutimir agreed on peace (and perhaps an alliance[28]), and Mutimir sent his sons Pribislav and Stefan to the border to escort the prisoners, where they exchanged items as a sign of peace, Boris himself gave them "rich gifts", while he was given "two slaves, two falcons, two dogs, and 80 furs".[29]
  • before 869
  • 869
  • By 871
    • Serbia is accounted Christian as of about 870.[32]
  • after 871, before 878
  • between 870–874
    • Petar, the son of Gojnik, is born.
  • after 870, before 891
    • An internal conflict among the dynastic brothers resulted in Mutimir banishing the two younger brothers to the Bulgarian court.[28][35] He kept Petar in his court, for political reasons.[36] Petar soon fled to Croatia.[35] The reason of the feud is not known, however, it is postulated that it was a result of treachery.[36]
  • By 878
  • 878
  • 891
  • 892
    • Pribislav only ruled for a year when Petar returned in 892, defeating him in battle and seizing the throne, Pribislav fled to Croatia with his brothers Bran and Stefan.[28]
  • 894
  • 896
    • In 896, Klonimir returns from Bulgaria, backed by Tsar Boris, and invades Serbia, taking the important stronghold Dostinika (Drsnik, in Klina[40][41]). Klonimir was defeated and killed.[42]
  • ca 896
  • Second half of the 9th century
    • The seal of Strojimir (died between 880–896), the brother of Mutimir, was bought by the Serbian state in an auction in Germany. The seal has a Patriarchal cross in the center and Greek inscriptions that say: "God, help Strojimir (CTPOHMIP)".[47][48]
    • Hvalimir Belojević holds Travunia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Académie des sciences de Bulgarie, Institut d'histoire, 1966, Études historiques, p. 66, Google Books
  2. ^ The Macedonian question: the struggle for southern Serbia
  3. ^ The South Slav journal
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Serbian studies, Volumes 2–3, p. 29
  6. ^ Eginhartus de vita et gestis Caroli Magni, p. 192: footnote J10
  7. ^ The Turks: Early ages
  8. ^ Prospetto cronologico della storia della Dalmazia: con riguardo alle provincie slave contermini, p. 86
  9. ^ Etudes historiques: A l'occasion du XIII Congrés international des sciences historiques
  10. ^ The early medieval Balkans
  11. ^ Einhard, p. 216.
  12. ^ a b c Bury 2008, p. 372
  13. ^ L. Kovacevic & L. Jovanovic, Историjа српскога народа, Belgrade, 1894, Book 2, p. 38—39
  14. ^ S. Stanojevic, Историjа српскога народа, Belgrade, 1910, p. 46—47
  15. ^ MacFarlane, p. 81
  16. ^ The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, p. 87
  17. ^ Ferdo Šišić, Povijest hrvata u vrijeme narodnih vladara
  18. ^ Fine 1991, p. 108
  19. ^ a b Fine 1991, p. 110
  20. ^ a b c Runciman 1930, p. 88
  21. ^ a b Известия за българите, p. 42—43
  22. ^ a b c Houtsma 1993, p. 199
  23. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica: a new survey of universal knowledge, Volume 20, p. 341: "the eastern provinces (Branichevo, Morava, Timok, Vardar, Podrimlye) were occupied by the Bulgars."
  24. ^ Živković, "Vlastimir"-section
  25. ^ (Božidar Ferjančić), „Vizantijski izvori za istoriju naroda Jugoslavije II“ (fototipsko izdanje originala iz 1959), Beograd, 2007. ISBN 978-86-83883-08-0 (str. 62)
  26. ^ Grupa autora, „Istorija srpskog naroda I“ , Beograd, 1981. (str. 148)
  27. ^ Gy Moravcsik; Ruby Johnson Jenkins (1967). Constantine Porphyrogenitus: De Administrando Imperio. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-88402-021-9. 
  28. ^ a b c d e The early medieval Balkans, p. 141
  29. ^ Southeastern Europe
  30. ^ a b De Administrando Imperio, ch. 29 [Of Dalmatia and of the adjacent nations in it]: "...the majority of these Slavs [Serbs, Croats] were not even baptized, and remained unbaptized for long enough. But in the time of Basil, the Christ-loving emperor, they sent diplomatic agents, begging and praying him that those of them who were unbaptized might receive baptism and that they might be, as they had originally been, subject to the empire of the Romans; and that glorious emperor, of blessed memory, gave ear to them and sent out an imperial agent and priests with him and baptized all of them that were unbaptized of the aforesaid nations..."
  31. ^ a b c d e f g Pokrštavanje Južnih Slovena
  32. ^ a b c The entry of the Slavs into Christendom, p. 208
  33. ^ a b The entry of the Slavs into Christendom, p. 209
  34. ^ Serbian Orthodox Diocese of Raska and Prizren
  35. ^ a b The Serbs, p. 15
  36. ^ a b Đekić, Đ. 2009, "Why did prince Mutimir keep Petar Gojnikovic?", Teme, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 683–688. PDF
  37. ^ http://scindeks-clanci.nb.rs/data/pdf/0584-9888/2002/0584-98880239165S.pdf
  38. ^ The early medieval Balkans, p. 150
  39. ^ Longworth, Philip (1997), The making of Eastern Europe: from prehistory to postcommunism (1997 ed.), Palgrave Macmillan, p. 321, ISBN 0-312-17445-4 
  40. ^ Relja Novakovic, Gde se nalazila Srbija od VII do X veka (Where Serbia was situated from the 7th to 10th centuries) [Serbia, Belgrade: Narodna knjiga, 1981], pp. 61–63.
  41. ^ http://www.rastko.rs/isk/vkorac-medieval_architecture.html
  42. ^ The early medieval Balkans, p. 154
  43. ^ Pop, Ioan Aurel. Romanians and Romania: A Brief History. 
  44. ^ Kristó, Gyula (General Editor). Korai magyar történeti lexikon (9–14. század). 
  45. ^ a b Dragan Brujić, Vodič kroz svet Vizantije – od Konstantina do pada Carigrada, drugo izdanje, Beograd, 2005.
  46. ^ Grad Vukovar – Povijest
  47. ^ Arhiva.glas-javnosti.rs
  48. ^ Scribd.com