Añasco, Puerto Rico

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Añasco, Puerto Rico
Municipality
Flag of Añasco, Puerto Rico
Flag
Nickname(s): "La Ciudad Donde los Dioses mueren", "El Pueblo Del Hojaldre", "El Pueblo de los Morcilleros", "Los Nativos"
Anthem: "Añasco pueblo querido"
Location of Añasco in Puerto Rico
Location of Añasco in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°18′58″N 67°08′23″W / 18.31611°N 67.13972°W / 18.31611; -67.13972Coordinates: 18°18′58″N 67°08′23″W / 18.31611°N 67.13972°W / 18.31611; -67.13972
Country  Puerto Rico
Founded October 18, 1733
Government
 • Mayor Hon. Jorge Estévez Martínez (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist. 4 - Mayagüez
 • Representative dist. 17
Area
 • Total 35.5 sq mi (92 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 29,261
 • Density 820/sq mi (320/km2)
Demonym Añasqueños
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Zip code 00610
Website anascopr.net
Puente Salcedo de Añasco, old bridge over the Rio Grande de Añasco

Añasco (Spanish pronunciation: [aˈɲasko]), named after one of its settlers, Don Luis de Añasco, is a municipality of Puerto Rico located on the west coast of the island bordering the Mona Passage to the west, north of Mayagüez, and Las Marias; south of Rincón, Aguada, and Moca and west of San Sebastián and Las Marias. It is part of the Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastián Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The town was founded on October 18, 1733 and named after Don Luis de Añasco, a colonist from the Extremadura region of Spain who came to Puerto Rico with Juan Ponce de León. Añasco was founded by the initiative of rich landowner Don José de Santiago, who wanted to establish the "villa" in properties owned by Don Luis de Añasco. The property was located on the margins of the río "Guaorabo", as the Taínos called it[citation needed].

Anasco town was preceded by the first settlement of San German. In November 1511, Juan Ponce de León handed over governorship to Juan Ceron, a lieutenant of the viceroy Diego Colon (son of Cristobal Colon or Cristopher Columbus). Ceron ordered Miguel de Toro, a lieutenant of Juan Ponce de León, to create a "Christian Village" in western Borinquen, calling it San German. This was the second attempt of foundation given in 1511 at the mouth of the Guaorabo River (present day Rio Anasco), near the area known today as Anasco, Puerto Rico. This first settlement was attacked in 1528, 1538, and again in 1554. A fort to protect this town began in 1540, but its construction was suspended in 1546 when the people decided to move inland being tired of attacks. Attacks by Carib Indians forced the population to move south inland to the present site of the present town of San German[citation needed].

In the 18th century, Añasco was the fourth most populous municipality in Puerto Rico, after San Germán, San Juan, and others. The Añasco River is also claimed to be the site of the popular legend of the drowning of the Spaniard Diego Salcedo in 1511 at the hands of the Taínos, proving the Spanish soldiers were not gods and igniting a revolt. It is believed that the revolt was led by the cacique Chayoán and suppressed by Spanish soldiers.

Many of the first settlers to the area came from the Canary Islands and the south of Spain. The 1918 San Fermín earthquake destroyed Añasco's parish church, the town hall and other structures, almost eliminating most of the historic downtown structures.

Geography[edit]

Añasco is located in the Coastal Plains of the west, bordered by the Río Grande de Añasco. It is bordered in the north by Rincón, Aguada, and Moca; Mayagüez to the south; and San Sebastián and Las Marías to the east. The Mona Passage lies to the west of the town.

The Añasco terrain is mostly plain, but features a series of hills and mountains like Canta Gallo (364 meters, or 1,194 feet), Gordo and Pichón (both at 340 meters, or 1,115 feet).[1] It is also crossed by several rivers like Icaco River, Caguabo River, La Balsa, and others.[2]

Cityscape[edit]

Barrios/Neighborhoods[edit]

  • Añasco Abajo[3]
  • Añasco Arriba
  • Añasco Pueblo
  • Caguabo
  • Caracol
  • Carreras
  • Casey Abajo
  • Casey Arriba
  • Cerro Gordo
  • Cidra
  • Corcovada
  • Dagüey
  • Espino
  • Hatillo
  • Humatas
  • Marías
  • Miraflores
  • Ovejas
  • Piñales
  • Playa
  • Quebrada Larga
  • Río Arriba
  • Río Cañas

Tourism[edit]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

  • Añasco Beach
  • Autodrome
  • El Salto de la Encantada
  • Hacienda La Eugenia
  • Río Grande de Añasco
  • San Antonio Abad Parish
  • Villa Pesquera

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

  • Patron Festivities - January
  • Mayuco Festival - January
  • Festival de Bellas Artes - January
  • Teather Festival - May
  • Santa Rosa de Lima Festival - August
  • Chipe Festival - September
  • Cooperativa Marathon - October
  • Theater Festival - October
  • Festival del Hojaldre
  • Festival de la Juventud - July
  • Encuentro de Talladores de Santos de Palo en Añasco
  • Festival de Merengue
  • Reconocimiento a Marianna Bracetti - July

Sports[edit]

Añasco has a AA baseball team called the Fundadores de Añasco.[4] It is also known for being the hometown of some amateur boxing prospects like Samuel D. Figueroa and Jonathan Badillo. Samuel D. Figueroa is now an undefeated professional boxer and holds a record of 2-0, 1 KO.

Notable People[edit]

  • Mariana Bracetti - (1825–1903) was a patriot and leader of the Puerto Rico independence movement in the 1860s. She is attributed with having knitted the flag that was intended to be used as the national emblem of Puerto Rico in its attempt to overthrow the Spanish government on the island, and to establish the island as a sovereign republic.
  • Lolita Aspiros - Pianist.
  • Agustina Ramirez- Playwright & Actor.
  • Brian J. Rivera- Youtuber & Actor
  • Ivy Queen - Singer
  • Albert Rodríguez - Actor & Director

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Sugar cane had been cultivated in Añasco as early as the 16th century. The earliest known sugar mill ("ingenios") operator around the Añasco area was Tomás de Castellón in 1523[citation needed].

Añasco has also been a place for fruits and coffee cultivation[citation needed].

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Puerto Rico are administered by a mayor, elected every four years. The current mayor of Añasco is Jorge Estévez Martínez, of the Popular Democratic Party (PPD). He was elected at the 2008 general elections and is currently serving his second term.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district IV, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, María Teresa González and Gilberto Rodríguez were elected as District Senators.[5]

Education[edit]

The Puerto Rico Department of Education operates several public schools in the municipality, including two bilingual schools, Antonio Gonzalez Suarez Regional Bilingual Elementary School and Sergio Ramirez de Arellano-Hostos Regional Bilingual Secondary School, the first public bilingual schools on the island.

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

The flag colors, design and symbolism is taken from the municipal Coat of Arms, with the only exception being that silver is painted white on the flag.

Coat of Arms[edit]

The green field of the shield contains a saber cross massed in black, outlined in silver, and has a gold scallop shell in each quadrant formed by the cross. A gold mural crown of three towers crests the shield.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

External links[edit]