Așchileu

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Așchileu
Commune
Location of the settlement on Cluj County map
Location of the settlement on Cluj County map
Așchileu is located in Romania
Așchileu
Location on Romania map
Coordinates: 46°59′00″N 23°29′03″E / 46.98333°N 23.48417°E / 46.98333; 23.48417Coordinates: 46°59′00″N 23°29′03″E / 46.98333°N 23.48417°E / 46.98333; 23.48417
Country  Romania
County Cluj County
Status Commune
Settled 1320
Commune seat Așchileu Mare
Villages Așchileu Mare, Așchileu Mic, Cristorel, Dorna, Fodora
Government
 • Mayor Băgărean Mircea
Area
 • Total 65.12 km2 (25.14 sq mi)
Population (July 1, 2007)[1]
 • Total 1,755
 • Density 27/km2 (70/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 407046
Area code(s) +40 x64[2]
Website http://www.cjcluj.ro/Aşchileu/

Așchileu (Hungarian: Esküllő; German: Gross-Schwalbendorf) is a commune in Cluj County, Romania. It is composed of five villages: Așchileu Mare (the commune center; Nagyesküllő), Așchileu Mic (Kisesküllő), Cristorel (Ördögkeresztúr), Dorna (Dorna) and Fodora (Magyarfodorháza).

History[edit]

Așchileu it is known from an old chronicle (Gesta Hungarorum) written by an anonymous individual. It was there that local Romanians met the invading Magyars led by Tuhutum after a fierce battle. Romanians and the invading Hungarians battled at the Căpuș River; the Romanians were defeated and dux Gelou was killed. Romanians agreed to have Tuhutum as their leader and the duchy was independent until the times of king Stephen I. According to the chronicle, a grandson of Tuhutum was the mother of king Stephen I. The same chronicle stated that until Stephen I, all members of Tuhutum family were pagans.[3]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census, Romanians made up 83.7% of the population, Hungarians made up 10.86% and Roma made up 5.43%.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Population as of July 1, 2007" (in Romanian). INSSE. April 4, 2008. Archived from the original on 29 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  2. ^ x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
  3. ^ Anonymus, Gesta Hungarorum, Mentor, 2001, p.105
  4. ^ 2002 census data for Aşchileu Mare, Cluj