Ašvieniai are divine twins in the Lithuanian mythology, identical to Latvian Dieva deli and direct counterparts of Vedic Ashvins. Both names derive from the same Proto-Indo-European root for the horse – *ek'w-. Old Lithuanian ašva and Sanskrit ashva mean "horse". Ašvieniai are represented as pulling a carriage of Saulė (the Sun) through the sky. Ašvieniai, depicted as žirgeliai or little horses, are common motifs on Lithuanian rooftops, placed for protection of the house. Similar motifs can also be found on beehives, harnesses, bed frames, and other household objects. Ašvieniai are related to Lithuanian Ūsinis and Latvian Ūsiņš (cf. Vedic Ushas), gods of horses.
- Hamacher, Duane W. "The Sumerians and Gemini: Sumerian Astronomical Interpretations as Origins of the Divine Horse Twins and Solar Chariots in Indo-European Mythology (Unpublished manuscript)". p. 7. Archived from the original on 2010-10-31.
- Indo-European etymology
- (Lithuanian) Dundulienė, Pranė (1991). Lietuvių etnologija. Mokslas. p. 50. ISBN 5-420-00713-4.
- (Lithuanian) Musteikis, Egidijus (2003-06-09). "Arklys tradicijose". Horse Museum – Branch of A. Baranauskas and A. Vienuolis-Žukauskas Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on 2010-10-31. Retrieved 2010-01-07.
- Leeming, David Adams (2003). From Olympus to Camelot: The World of European Mythology. Oxford University Press. pp. 125–126. ISBN 0-19-514361-2.
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