A.C. Greene, Jr.
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|A.C. Greene, Jr.|
|Born||Alvin Carl Greene
November 4, 1923
Abilene, Taylor County
|Died||April 5, 2002
Salado, Bell County, Texas
|Occupation||Texas historian, author|
|Alma mater||Abilene Christian College
University of Texas at Austin
A.C. Greene (né Alvin Carl Greene, Jr.; 4 Nov 1923 Abilene, Texas — 5 April 2002 Salado, Texas) was an American writer — important in Texas literary matters as a memoirist, fiction writer, historian, poet, and influential book critic in Dallas. As a newspaper journalist, he had been a book critic and editor of the Editorial Page for the Dallas Times Herald when JKF was assassinated, which galvanized his role at the paper to help untangle and lift a demoralized city in search of its soul. Leaving full-time journalism in 1968, Greene went on to become a prolific author of books, notably on Texas lore and history. His notoriety led to stints in radio and TV as talk-show host. By the 1980s, his commentaries were being published by major media across the country. He had become a sought-after source for Texas history, anecdotes, cultural perspective, facts, humor, books, and politics. When the 1984 Republican National Convention was held in Dallas, Greene granted sixty-three interviews about Texas topics to major media journalists. Greene's 1990 book, Taking Heart — which examines the experiences of the first patient in a new heart transplant center (himself) — made the New York Times Editors Choice list.
- 1 Career
- 2 Family & growing up
- 3 Selected published works
- 4 Manuscripts & papers
- 5 Awards & honors
- 6 Formal education
- 7 References
In 1948, Greene began working as a cub reporter for the Abilene Reporter-News and also wrote book reviews and articles for the entertainment section. From 1952 to 1957, Greene owned and operated the Abilene Book Store, located at 365 Cypress Street, across the street from the Paramount Theater — its slogan: "The Book Center of West Texas." In 1957, he began teaching journalism at Hardin-Simmons University.
Greene, in his teens, was known as "A.C." So, in 1953, he legally changed his name from Alvin Carl to A.C. and dropped the Jr.
In 1960, Greene became a book editor for the Dallas Times Herald; and in 1963, the Times Herald promoted him as Editor of the Editorial Page, a role he performed until 1965. Of the Kennedy assassination, Greene wrote:
Within a week after the assassination, everything that was sent to the editor or to the [Dallas] Times Herald came to me. We got literally thousands of letters from all over the world, especially from all over the United States, and a lot of them had money for Jacqueline Kennedy, but most of the money was for Officer Tippit’s wife, and then Marina Oswald. From the Times Herald through me, from various readers all over the world, I sent Mrs. Tippit over $200,000. I sent Marina Oswald about the same amount.
Greene left the Times Herald in 1968 to pursue a PhD at the University of Texas at Austin and to devote more time to writing books. From 1968 to 1969, Greene was the executive editor of the Southwestern Historical Quarterly, a publication of the Texas State Historical Association. In 1969, he served as President of the Texas Institute of Letters while working on his doctorate at The University of Texas at Austin.
In 1968, Greene was awarded a Dobie-Paisano Fellowship from the University of Texas at Austin which included a six-month stay at Paisano, a ranch 14 miles southwest of Austin purchased by J. Frank Dobie for use as a writer's retreat. The award and retreat led to Greene's first book, A Personal Country.
From 1986 to 1992, Greene served as Founding Coordinating Director of the Center for Texas Studies at the University of North Texas. He retired as emeritus director. James Ward Lee, PhD (born 1931) — an author, professor of English at North Texas since 1958, former chairman of the English Department, and co-director of the Center — called Greene "The Dean of Texas Letters."
Family & growing up
Greene gave much credit for his love of reading, writing, and storytelling to his maternal grandmother, Maude E. Cole (1879–1961). She was born Maude Elfie Craghead in 1879 in Youngsport, Texas. She changed her name from Elfie to Elizabeth and used Maude E. Cole as her name the rest of her life. Besides being a writer and poet, she was also an amateur painter. She was a prize-winning and published poet and author, and from 1926 to 1946, a librarian at the Carnegie Library in Abilene, Texas. She was a pioneer in the Texas literary scene. Maude was born Maude Elfie Craghead. Later, she changed her name to Maude Elizabeth] and, in 1921, became a widow of Ambrose Hutchinson Cole (1872–1921) She remarried in 1945 to Henry Alden Tileston (1871–1952). Maude, known to the family as "Mibby", regularly took A.C. Greene to the library for full days while she worked. A.C. claims that the library had been his babysitter.
Maude's mother, Mary Catherine Dockray Craghead Longley, had become a widow of John Lytle Craghead in 1888 and remarried Campbell Longley (1816–1907), a veteran of the Texas Revolution and father of three sons by a previous marriage, one of whom was gunman Bill Longley.
A.C. was married twice, first in 1950 to Betty Jo Dozier (1925–1989). They had three sons and a daughter: Geoffrey Carl, Mark Cole (1955–2005), Eliot Bruce, and Meredith Elizabeth.
Greene's parents — Alvin Carl Greene, Sr. (born in Wills Point, Texas, in 1902), and Johnnie Marie Cole (born in Beaumont, Teas, in 1906) — were killed in 1964 in a two-vehicle accident while traveling from Beaumont to Dallas (after visiting their son David Greene and his new wife, Mary Welch, in New Orleans). Their car had been hit by an 18-wheel truck doing 80 mph on U.S. 69, five miles south of Rusk, Texas. Greene was 40 at the time. His only living sibling, David Michael Greene of New York, New York, was 25. A.C. and David had a brother John Lytle, but he had died 8 months of age in 1935. A.C.'s four children ranged from 2 to 12.
In 1989, Greene's wife Betty lost her battle with cancer. He subsequently remarried Judy Dalton Hyland (née Julia Hall Dalton; 1933–2012), who in 1979 had divorced John Walton Hyland, MD. Judy was the daughter of the former governor of Missouri, John Montgomery Dalton. Through that marriage, he gained two stepdaughters: Julia "Julie" Elizabeth Hyland and Leslie Catherine Hyland. Judy died 8 August 2012 in Austin.
Selected published works
Books (1st editions)
- A Personal Country. Illustrated by Ancel Edward Nunn (1st ed.). Knopf. 1969. OCLC 22512.
- The Last Captive (history: Herman Lehmann). Austin: Encino Press. 1972. OCLC 354470 and 767992382.
- The Santa Claus Bank Robbery (1st ed.). Knopf. 1972. OCLC 279125.
- Dallas: The Deciding Years — A Historical Portrait. Austin: Encino Press. 1973. OCLC 898659 and 500372131.
- A Christmas Tree. Drawings by Ancel Edward Nunn. Austin: Encino Press. 1973. OCLC 923314.
- Place Called Dallas: The Pioneering Years of a Continuing Metropolis. Dallas County Heritage Society. 1975. OCLC 607591181 and OCLC 1915330.
- The Pleasantest Place: A History of Austin, Texas. Dallas: Mercantile Texas Corp. 1981. OCLC 7612648.
- The Highland Park Woman: A Collection of Short Stories. Bryan, Texas: Shearer Publishing Co. 1983. OCLC 9830309.
- Dallas U.S.A. Texas Monthly Press. 1984. OCLC 10302131.
- A Town Called Cedar Springs. Illustrated by Barbara Whitehead. Dallas: The Springs. 1984. OCLC 12858661.
- Texas Sketches. Illustrated by Paul Arthur Kolsti (1953–2003). Dallas: Taylor Publishing Company. 1985. OCLC 12551975.
- Taking Heart. Simon and Schuster. 1990. OCLC 21229155.
- 900 Miles on the Butterfield Trail. University of North Texas Press. 1994. OCLC 30510497.
- Christmas Memories. Illustrated by Geoffrey Greene. University of North Texas Press. 1996. OCLC 45733158.
- They are Ruining Ibiza (fiction). University of North Texas Press. 1998. OCLC 45732689.
- Sketches From the Five States of Texas. Texas A&M University Press. 1998. OCLC 38993108.
- Brandy Miracle. Somesuch Press, Dallas. 1998. OCLC 40925377.
- Bright Sky Press. Albany, Texas. 2002. OCLC 48256753.
Literary criticism by Greene
- The Fifty Best Books on Texas. Dallas: Pressworks Publishing. 1982. OCLC 8832197 and 659914169.
- The 50+ Best Books on Texas. University of North Texas Press. 1998. OCLC 44963275, 38043047 and 779971345.
Stage plays, screenplays & opera
- The last captive: A Screenplay Manuscript (1991) OCLC 42386823
- A Cherished Design: The Creation of the University of Texas (1981)
- The Santa Claus Bank Robbery: A Screenplay (1989)
- One of the Pretty Ones: An Opera in Six Scenes (music score — manuscript). Music by Melvin Lucas Daniels, Jr., EdD, Libretto by A.C. Greene. Abilene Christian University. OCLC 54467542.
- Transcript: Dallas Mayors Oral history Project, No. 7, co-authored with Alan Mason, Oral History Program, East Texas State University OCLC 9870410
- Upwardly Mogul: Move Over, Hollywood. Make Way for Joe Camp. Joe Camp? Texas Monthly November 1976 pps. 141–145
Manuscripts & papers
- A.C. Greene Papers, 1964–1997, bulk 1993–1994 University of Texas at Arlington Library
- A.C. Greene Papers 1967–1969, 1973 Southwestern Writers Collection The Witliff Collections (Bill Wittliff was publisher of Encino Press) Albert B. Alkek Library Texas State University, San Marcos OCLC 32584946
Awards & honors
Texas Institute of Arts and Letters
- 1964 — Inducted as member
- 1964 — Co-winner, Stanley Walker Award for Best Newspaper Writing: No Life Is Lived Without Influence, The Dallas Times Herald
- 1969 — Fellow, Texas Institute of Letters & recipient of the Dobie Paisano Fellowship while studying at The University of Texas at Austin
- 1973 — Friends of the Dallas Public Library Award for Book Offering Most Significant Contribution to Knowledge: The Santa Clause Bank Robbery
- 1974 — Co-winner, Texas Collectors Institute Award for Best Book Design: A Christmas Tree, by A.C. Greene, illustrated by Ancell Nunn, designed by William D. Wittliff
- 1974 — Co-winner, Texas Collectors Institute Award for Best Book Design: Dallas, the Deciding Years, A Historical Portrait, by A.C. Greene, designed by William D. Wittliff
- 1987 — Lon Tinkle Award, for distinguished career in letters associated with the State of Texas
Other awards and honors
- 1964 — Honoree as editor of the editorial page of the Dallas Times Herald and book editor, 12th Annual Southwest Journalism Forum, Press Club of Dallas Foundation and the Southern Methodist University Department of Journalism
- 1990 — Fellow, Texas State Historical Association
- The University of North Texas Press, has a series of books named The A.C. Greene Series named in his honor for books on Texas and the Southwest
- A.C. Greene Award is presented annually in September since 2001 to a distinguished Texas author for lifetime achievement. It is a feather of the West Texas Book Festival and is sponsored by Friends of the Abilene Public Library, the Abilene Reporter-News, and the Scripps Howard Foundation.
- Chautauqua Award for lifetime achievement in preserving history, Dallas County Heritage Society
- 1998 — Lifetime Achievement Award, Texas Book Festival, hosted by Laura Bush
- 1940 — Graduated from Abilene High School
- Attended Phillips University
- 1948 — Bachelor of Arts, Abilene Christian University
- 1968 — Did post-grad work at The University of Texas at Austin, towards a PhD
- General references
- Talking with Texas Writers: Twelve Interviews by Patrick Bennett (interviews with Larry McMurty), A.C. Greene, John Graves, et al., Texas A&M University Press (1980) OCLC 732753845
- Biography Index: A Cumulative Index to Biographical Material in Books and Magazines, H.W. Wilson Company, New York
- Contemporary Authors: A Bio-Bibliographical Guide to Current Writers in Fiction, General Nonfiction, Poetry, Journalism, Drama, Motion Pictures, Television, and Other Fields, Gale Research, Detroit
- Inline citations
- Writer-Historian Greene, 'Dean of Texas Letters', San Antonio Express-News, April 6, 2002
- Best Sellers, July 15, 1990, New York Times, July 15, 1990
- Folks and Facts, Range Rider, Volume 11, No 11, April 1957, pg. 6
- Top Texas historian Dies at 78, Associated Press, April 5, 2002
- Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, Vol 1, No 1, Spring 1989
- Maude E. Cole was the author of Wind Against Stone (a novel), Lyman House Press, (1941); and Clay-Bound (a book of poetry), Kaleidoscope Press (1936).
- Painter-Author, Maude E. Cole Can't Be Caught By Old Age, Abilene Reporter-News, June 2, 1957, pg 3C
- Crash Kills Parents of Dallas Man, Dallas Morning News, July 9, 1964, Sec 1, pg 15
- Obituary: Julia Greene, Dallas Morning News, August 12, 2012
- Larry McMurtry Used a Dallas Writer's 'Best Texas Books' List to Fire a Megatonnage Attack, by Homer Kint Biffle (born 1932), Dallas Morning News, September 19, 1982, pps 221 & 216