A. P. Tureaud
|Alexander Pierre Tureaud, Sr.|
|Born||February 26, 1899|
|Died||January 22, 1972
Orleans Parish, Louisiana, USA
|Alma mater||Howard University|
|Occupation||Attorney; Civil rights activist|
|Children||Including A. P. Tureaud, Jr.|
Alexander Pierre Tureaud, Sr., known as A. P. Tureaud (February 26, 1899 – January 22, 1972), was the attorney for the New Orleans chapter of the NAACP during the civil rights movement. With the assistance of Thurgood Marshall and Robert Carter from the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, A. P. Tureaud filed the lawsuit that successfully ended the system of Jim Crow segregation in New Orleans. That case paved the way for integrating the first two elementary schools in the Deep South.
Louis Berry, the civil rights attorney from Alexandria and the first African American admitted to the Louisiana bar since Tureaud himself, had hoped to join Tureaud's law firm in the late 1940s, but Tureaud could not at the time afford to take on another attorney.
New Orleans was one of the most segregated cities in the nation when the movement for civil rights began. The Plessy v. Ferguson case, 163 U.S. 537, of 1896, began in the New Orleans court system. This was the United States Supreme Court decision that made segregation legal throughout the United States. 
New Orleans attorney A.P. Tureaud initiated a suit on behalf of Earl Benjamin Bush calling for an end to the segregated school system in Orleans Parish. In 1954, the United States Supreme Court overturned Plessy and ruled that segregated schools are unconstitutional. The high court ordered that public schools be desegregated “with all deliberate speed.” In 1956, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit set aside multiple attempts by the Louisiana Legislature to the desegregation.
- "Rachel L. Emanuel, History: Black Lawyersin Louisiana Prior to 1950, August/September 2005, p. 108". lsba.org. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
- R. Bentley Anderson. Black, White, And Catholic: New Orleans Interracialism, 1947-1956.] 2005 Oct. 30. ISBN 0-8265-1483-9.
- Rachel Lorraine Emanuel and Denise Barkis-Richter. Louisiana Public Broadcasting. "Journey for Justice: The A.P. Tureaud Story."
- Saint Augustine Church, Fauborg Treme, New Orleans. "Alexander Pierre Tureaud: Civil Rights Attorney (1899 – 1972)."
- Donald E. Devore and Joseph Logsdon. Crescent City Schools 1991 Jul. ISBN 0-940984-66-0. Chapters VI and VII.
- Wesley, Charles H. (1981) . The History of Alpha Phi Alpha, A Development in College Life. Foundation Publishers. ASIN: B000ESQ14W.
- A More Noble Cause: A.P. Tureaud and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Louisiana (A Personal Biography).