Antoni Dufriche-Desgenettes (1804 – December 19, 1878) was a French merchant, ethnographer, poet, and linguist, known for the introduction of the notion of phoneme. Being an autodidact in linguistics, he was not well received by his French colleagues, despite being a founding member of the Paris Linguistic Society, and has generally been considered to be a minor linguist. According to J.E. Joseph, his idea about phoneme survived primarily via its acceptance by Louis Havet, from whom it was picked to be popularized by Ferdinand de Saussure. 
René-Nicolas Dufriche Desgenettes was his uncle.
- ^ a b John E. Joseph, "Dufriche-Desgenettes and the Birth of the Phoneme", in: The Emergence of the Modern Language Sciences: Studies on the Transition from Historical-Comparative to Structural Linguistics in Honour of E.F.K. Koerner, ed. by Sheila Embleton, John E. Joseph & Hans-Josef Niederehe (Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1999), vol. 1, 55-75 (rev. by Julia S. Falk in Language, Volume 77, Number 4, December 2001, pp. 831-833).