A. James Manchin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A. James Manchin
Member of the West Virginia House of Delegates
from the 43rd district
In office
1998[1] – 2003
Serving with Mike Caputo, Linda Longstreth
Succeeded by Tim Manchin
In office
1948–1950
21st[2] Treasurer of West Virginia
In office
1985–1989
Governor Arch A. Moore, Jr.
Preceded by Larrie Bailey
Succeeded by Thomas Loehr
25th West Virginia Secretary of State
In office
1977–1985
Governor Jay Rockefeller
Preceded by James R. McCartney
Succeeded by Ken Hechler
Personal details
Born Antonio James Manchin I
(1927-04-07)April 7, 1927
Farmington, West Virginia
Died November 3, 2003(2003-11-03) (aged 76)
Fairmont, West Virginia
Political party Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Stella Machel Petros
Children 3
Residence Fairmont, West Virginia
Alma mater West Virginia University
Profession high school teacher
Religion Roman Catholic

Antonio James Manchin I (April 7, 1927 – November 3, 2003) was a West Virginia Democratic politician who served as a member of the House of Delegates (1948-50; 1998-2003), as Secretary of State (1977-85), and as State Treasurer (1985-89). A colorful and controversial figure, he was the uncle of former West Virginia Governor and current U.S. Senator Joe Manchin III.

Early life and education[edit]

Manchin was born in Farmington, West Virginia to Kathleen and Joseph Manchin I. His parents were of Italian descent. He received an A.B. degree in political science and sociology and a Masters degree in education from West Virginia University.

Early career (1948-1975)[edit]

Manchin was first elected to the West Virginia House of Delegates in 1948 at age 21, but was defeated in his bid for re-election in 1950.[3]

He spent most of the 1950s working as a high school teacher and wrestling coach.[3]

In 1961, President John F. Kennedy appointed him to serve as State Director of the Farmers Home Administration and he served at the federal level as Special Assistant to the National Administrator of the Farmers Home Administration, holding those positions. In 1972, he ran for West Virginia Secretary of State when incumbent Jay Rockefeller retired to run for governor. In the seven candidate Democratic primary, he lost and ranked second place with 18% of the vote, behind Thomas Winner who won with a plurality of 20% of the vote.[4] After the election, Governor Arch A. Moore in 1973 appointed him to direct the Rehabilitation Environmental Action Program (REAP), a successful effort which rid the State of more than 100,000 junked cars[3] as well as numerous appliances.

Statewide offices (1976-1989)[edit]

In 1976, Manchin ran again to become Secretary of State and defeated incubent Republican James McCartney 55%-45%.[5] In 1980, he won re-election with 71% of the vote.[6]

Elected State Treasurer in 1984, he created the Teddi Program which brought 28,000 new jobs to West Virginia.[3] He was impeached by the House of Delegates on March 30, 1989, amid a controversy over bad investments that lost the state $279 million mainly during the time period between April and June 1987.[7] The impeachment resolution blamed Manchin for negligence in delegating and supervising the investment fund, making improper investments and covering up losses.[8] He initially vowed to stay in office though conviction by the Senate would have meant losing his eligibility to run for office again, and could have cost him his pension.[8] He resigned before his trial by the State Senate was completed.

West Virginia legislature (1998-2003)[edit]

Elections[edit]

He later returned to the House of Delegates in 1998, where he served until his death from a massive heart attack in 2003.[9]

Tenure[edit]

The House of Delegates called him "a flamboyant character of the first magnitude" and praised his love of ceremony in their resolution honoring him after his death.[3]

Committee assignments[edit]

  • Government Organization
  • Roads and Transportation
  • Veteran Affair (Vice Chair)
  • Enrolled Bills (Chair)

Personal life[edit]

Manchin was married to Stella Machel Petros and had three children. One of his sons, Mark, was Chief of Webster County School District.[10] A Roman Catholic, he served as a lector at his church.[3]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Icenhower, Greg (1990), A. James Manchin: A Biography of Controversy; Headline Books, 212 pgs.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
James R. McCartney
West Virginia Secretary of State
1977—1985
Succeeded by
Ken Hechler
Preceded by
Larrie Bailey
West Virginia State Treasurer
1985—1989
Succeeded by
Thomas E. Loehr