Alfred Walton Hinds

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Alfred Walton Hinds
17th Naval Governor of Guam
In office
September 23, 1913 – March 28, 1914
Preceded by Robert Coontz
Succeeded by William John Maxwell
Personal details
Born July 25, 1874
Marshall County, Alabama
Died December 25, 1957(1957-12-25) (aged 83)
Nationality  United States
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch United States Navy Seal United States Navy
Rank US-O6 insignia.svg Captain
Commands Department of Marine Engineering and Naval Construction at the United States Naval Academy
USS Rochester
USS New York
Panama Canal

Alfred Walton Hinds (July 25, 1874 – December 25, 1957) was a United States Navy Captain who served as the 17th Naval Governor of Guam. His early naval service included serving as Assistant Engineer aboard the USS Texas, the United States Navy's first battleship, where he was reprimanded for an accident aboard in 1896. In 1911, Hinds joined the staff of the United States Naval Academy, heading the Department of Marine Engineering and Naval Construction, writing a textbook on the subject while there.

From September 23, 1913 to March 28, 1914, Hinds served as acting Governor of Guam. Having already helped formed the policies of the previous governor, Hinds continued much of the practices of the earlier administration. He successfully drew new import and export businesses to the island, though he failed in his attempts to further development of Guam as a key naval outpost. Following his governorship, Hinds commanded various ships and eventually became marine superintendent of the Panama Canal in 1924, serving in that office until early 1925.

Life[edit]

Hinds was born on July 25, 1874 in Marshall County, Alabama. He married Mary Beardslee in the early 1900s, and had one son, Walton Hinds in either 1903 or 1904.[1] He was a member of the New York Yacht Club.[2] Hinds died on December 25, 1957.

Naval career[edit]

Hinds graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1894.[3] He served as Assistant Engineer aboard the USS Texas, the first battleship commissioned by the United States Navy. The Navy publicly reprimanded him for his role in an accident aboard the vessel in September 1896.[4] In 1901, he served temporarily aboard the USS Wabash.[5] In 1908, as a lieutenant commander, the Navy ordered him aboard the USS Virginia.[6]

In 1911, Hinds headed the Department of Marine Engineering and Naval Construction at the United States Naval Academy. There, he also co-authored the book Marine and Naval Boilers with Lieutenant Commander Frank Lyon. The book served as a textbook for midshipmen at the Naval Academy.[7] In 1917, as a commander, he served as executive officer of the USS Oklahoma.[8] In 1918, he was given command of the USS Rochester. During his command, the ship came to the aid of the British steamer Atlantian. Though Hinds ordered the engagement of the U-boat that had attacked the ship, but the crew proved unable to find it.[9] He was placed in command of the USS New York in 1922.[10] In 1924, Hinds became marine superintendent of the Panama Canal, keeping that position until February 23, 1925.[11]

Governorship[edit]

Hinds served as acting Naval Governor of Guam from September 23, 1913 to March 28, 1914.[12] Prior to becoming governor, Hinds served as public works officer for the island under Governor Robert Coontz, and continued much of the same policies he advocated in the position after taking the governorship.[13] Hinds expressed fear that the large numbers of Japanese tourists to the island performing espionage. He also raised concerns about occupations of the surrounding islands by Japan.[14] He successfully drew new American importers and exporters to the island, including San Francisco company Atkins, Kroll & Company.[15]

As governor, Hinds strongly promoted the utilization of Guam as an area for key naval bases to be built upon. He advocated for construction of a base to commence quickly using improvised dredging equipment from the Panama Canal. However, various engineers and the Chief of the Bureau of Yards and Docks dismissed the proposal as both unorthodox and originating from the wrong office.[14] Hinds viewed Guam as of little importance other than as a naval outpost, stating in 1915 that "Except as a naval base-a place from which to sail forth to 'capture or destroy the enemy fleet'-Guam has no value to the navy and is, perhaps, of but little interest to naval officers."[14]

Published works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910; Anne Arundel County, Maryland; page 98b, . Retrieved on 10 January 2011.
  2. ^ "Their Fiftieth Birthday: New-York Yacht Club Members Celebrate at the Clubhouse". The New York Times (New York City). The New York Times Company. 31 July 1894. Retrieved 25 December 2010. 
  3. ^ "Class of '94, Naval Academy". The New York Times (New York City). The New York Times Company. 4 June 1894. Retrieved 15 January 2011. 
  4. ^ "The Accident to the Texas: Capt. Glass Held Wholly Irresponsible for the Trouble". The New York Times (New York City). The New York Times Company. 21 October 1896. Retrieved 25 December 2010. 
  5. ^ "The United Service". The New York Times (New York City). The New York Times. 24 September 1901. Retrieved 5 January 2011. 
  6. ^ Jones, Robert Dorsey (1908). With the American Fleet from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The Harrison Publishing Company. p. 151. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  7. ^ "Marine and Naval Boilers". Proceedings (Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute) 37: 1102. 1911. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 
  8. ^ Register of the Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and Reserve Officers on Active Duty. United States Navy. 1917. p. 284. Retrieved 11 January 2011. 
  9. ^ Greaves, Albert (1921). A History of the Transport Service: Adventures and Experiences of United States Transports and Cruisers in the World War. George H. Doran Company. p. 158. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  10. ^ "Reorganized Fleet to Hold Big Tests". The New York Times (New York City). The New York Times Company. 26 December 1922. Retrieved 25 December 2010. 
  11. ^ Windsor, H. H. (1 September 1924). "What the Panama Canal Means to You". Popular Mechanics 42 (5): 751. Retrieved 10 January 2011. 
  12. ^ "Naval Era Governors of Guam". Guampedia. Guam: University of Guam. 10 August 2010. Archived from the original on 29 October 2010. Retrieved 29 October 2010. 
  13. ^ Cox, Leonard Martin; Edward John Dorn (1917). Kenneth Chafee McIntosh and Merlyn Grail Cook, ed. The Island of Guam. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office. p. 45. Retrieved 11 January 2011. 
  14. ^ a b c Pomeroy. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. 1951. pp. 41–53. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 
  15. ^ War in the Pacific National Park: An Administrative History. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service. July 2004. p. 28. Retrieved 11 January 2011.