A1 motorway (Romania)

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A1 motorway
Autostrada A1
Route information
Maintained by Compania Națională de Autostrăzi și Drumuri Naționale din România
Length: 290 km (180 mi)
581 km (361 mi) planned
141 km (88 mi) under construction
Major junctions
From: Bucharest
To: Nădlac (Border with Hungary)
Location
Counties: Ilfov, Giurgiu, Dâmbovița, Argeș, Vâlcea, Sibiu, Alba, Hunedoara, Timiș, Arad
Major cities: Bucharest, Pitești, Sibiu, Sebeș, Orăștie, Deva, Timișoara, Arad
Highway system
Motorways in Romania
A1 motorway between Bucharest and Pitești
A1 motorway as Pitești bypass
A1 motorway as Sibiu bypass, opened in 2010
Aciliu Viaduct under construction
A1 motorway near Timișoara
A1 motorway as Arad bypass

The A1 motorway (Romanian: Autostrada A1) is a motorway in Romania, planned to connect Bucharest with the Banat and Crișana regions in the western part of the country. It will be approximately 581 km long and will follow the route: Pitești, Sibiu, Orăștie, Deva, Timișoara, Arad, connecting with Hungary's M43 motorway near Nădlac.[1] It is part of the Pan-European Corridor IV.[2] It is also the Priority Project 7 of the Trans-European Transport Networks,[3] and construction receives 85% funding from the European Union Cohesion Fund.

As of December 2013, the sections in service include a 110-kilometer long motorway linking Bucharest with Pitești, the SibiuSăliște segment (33.6 km), the CunțaDeva segment (76.4 km), the Traian Vuia – Balinț segment (17.1 km) and the TimișoaraArad motorway (54 km, in the western part of Romania). The total length of the opened sections is 290 km, with another 141 km under construction.

Several sections between Lugoj and Deva, comprising a total length of 71.8 km, were tendered in 2013,[4] and construction began in 2014,[5] while for two segments (38.9 km) between Nădlac and Arad works have been suspended for specific reasons (they were later resumed for the first segment, 22.2 km). Works are also being performed on the segment between Săliște and Cunța (22.1 km) and on the remaining segment between Lugoj and Timișoara (25.6 km).[5]

Sections[edit]

Bucharest – Pitești[edit]

The Bucharest – Pitești segment of the motorway (95.9 km) was the first to be built in Romania. It was constructed between 1967 and 1972,[6] during the communist regime. It remained the only motorway-class road in Romania for more than 15 years, until the completion of the FeteștiCernavodă segment (on today's A2) in 1987. It underwent a major rehabilitation between 1997 and 2000, by the FAT joint venture between the Italian companies Federici, Astaldi and Todini. This motorway segment has 15 exits and 5 filling stations in each way, that operate as service areas.[7]

As an addition to the above section, a 13.6 km long segment, known as the Pitești bypass, was opened on 19 November 2007, in order to divert traffic from the Pitești city centre.[8] Works on this segment began in June 2004 and were awarded to the joint venture between Astaldi and Italstrade.[9] An underpass in the Bascov area (north of Pitești) was also built to avoid traffic congestion at the nearby junction of the DN7 and DC7C roads. The project was fully completed in late 2008.[10]

Pitești – Sibiu[edit]

The section between Sibiu and Pitești was scheduled to be tendered in the fourth quarter of 2012,[11] but the feasibility study will first have to be tendered for review.[12] Total construction costs of the 116.6 km section of the motorway, that would be crossing the Carpathian Mountains, partly along the Olt Valley, are estimated at 3.25 billion euro,[13] and were previously planned to be completed by 2020.[14]

This section has been subject to much controversy during 2013, when the Romanian Government declared the priority motorway route for crossing the Carpathian Mountains (see also Geography of Romania) will be the A3 motorway (between Brașov and Comarnic) instead of the A1 motorway (between Sibiu and Pitești).[15][16] According to the same plans, the A3 motorway is planned to be connected to the A1 motorway via another motorway between Sibiu and Făgăraș, thus creating a nearly complete motorway corridor between Bucharest and Sibiu, whereas the section between Sibiu and Pitești is no longer a short-term priority.[17] It is considered that this is possibly to avoid a competing alternative route to the section of the A3 motorway, which will be built via a concession contract.[18]

According to the government announcements in December 2013, this section of the motorway is planned to be built however in the following years, between Pitești and Curtea de Argeș, as part of a motorway extension towards Râmnicu Vâlcea.[19]

The 17.5 km of motorway forming a partial beltway around Sibiu were split into two segments. The first segment (km 0 to km 14) was awarded in April 2008 to the joint venture between Max Bögl, Geiger and Comtram.[20] The second segment (km 14 to km 17) was awarded to the Romanian company Vectra Service in September 2009.[21] It also included an upgrade of 3.3 km of the link road that connects with the DN1 road. Works on this section were completed in December 2010.[22]

Sibiu – Deva[edit]

The 82.0 km-long stretch of motorway between Orăștie and Sibiu was split as well into four sections.[23] The contract for the section three, between Cunța and Săliște (22.1 km), which includes the new 1,100-metre (3,600 ft) Aciliu Viaduct, was awarded in May 2011 to Impregilo,[24] whereas the remaining three sections were awarded in June 2011.

The first section, between Orăștie and Sebeș (24.1 km),[25] was awarded to the Austrian company Strabag, the second section, between Sebeș and Cunța (19.7 km),[25] was awarded to the Romanian joint venture between Straco and Studio Corona, and the fourth section, between Săliște and Sibiu (16.1 km),[25] was awarded to the Italian company Astaldi. Works on all four segments have started in October 2011 and were due to be operational in April 2013.[26] After several delays, the first, second and fourth section were opened in December 2013. The third section is planned to be opened in September 2014.[27]

The construction of the Deva – Orăștie section of the motorway (32.8 km) was finally awarded to the Austrian company Strabag in late 2010, after numerous appeals from the competing companies.[citation needed] Construction works started in April 2011 and should have been completed in 24 months.[26] The first 15.4 km of this section were opened for traffic on 21 December 2012.[28] The remaining part was opened on 30 May 2013.[29]

Deva – Lugoj[edit]

The section between Lugoj (Belinț) and Deva (Șoimuș) is split into four segments. Works on the first segment, between Belinț and Dumbrava (27.4 km),[30] are performed by the Italian company Tirrena Scavi. They have started in October 2011 and were due for completion in April 2013.[26] The contract includes a connecting segment (11.4 km) between the motorway, branching off near the village of Balinț, and the city of Lugoj, that is the first section of the A6 motorway.[31] After several delays, the segment was eventually opened on 23 December 2013, but only between the junction with the A6 motorway and the exit at the eastern end at Dumbrava.[32] The remaining part of the segment is not usable, as the subsequent Lugoj – Timișoara section is in early stages of construction (see below). Plans to build a temporary exit at the western end of the segment (near Șanovița) are being considered.[33] Another possibility is unloading the traffic through the Topolovățu Mare interchange (with DJ572), which is 6 km westbound along the Timișoara – Lugoj section, awarded for construction to the same company.[34]

The remaining three segments (71.8 km) were auctioned in May 2013.[35] The fourth segment, between Ilia and Șoimuș (22.1 km),[30] was awarded in July 2013 to the joint venture between the Romanian companies Spedition UMB and Tehnostrade.[36] The second and third segments were awarded in October 2013. The second segment, between Dumbrava and Coșevița (28.6 km),[30][37] was awarded to the Italian joint venture between Salini and Secol, whereas the third segment, between Coșevița and Ilia (21.1 km),[30][37] was awarded to the Romanian company Teloxim Con.[38] Completion time for the remaining part should take two and a half years.[39]

Lugoj – Timișoara – Arad[edit]

The section between Arad, Timișoara and Lugoj (79.6 km) was split into four segments: the Arad bypass (12.25 km),[40] the Arad – Timișoara motorway (32.25 km),[40] the Timișoara bypass (9.5 km, between Giarmata and Remetea Mare) and the Timișoara – Lugoj segment (25.6 km).[41]

Works for the Arad bypass (12.25 km) were awarded in March 2009 to the joint venture between the Spanish company FCC Construccion and the Austrian company Porr.[42] The segment was opened in on a single carriageway December 2011, and on both carriageways in June 2012.[43]

The 32.25 km section of motorway between Arad and Timișoara was awarded in December 2008 to the joint venture between the Spanish company FCC Construccion and the Italian company Astaldi.[42] It was opened along with the Arad bypass in December 2011.[43]

The Timișoara bypass (9.5 km) was awarded in April 2011 to the Romanian company Spedition UMB.[44] It was opened to traffic in October 2012.[45]

The stretch between Timișoara and Lugoj (25.6 km) has been re-auctioned in August 2012, after appeals from participants at the previous auction.[39] It has been awarded to the joint venture between the Italian companies Tirrena Scavi and Societa Italiana Per Condotte D'Acqua in December 2013.[46] Construction should be finished in 2015.[34]

Arad – Nădlac[edit]

The construction of the 38.8 km section between Nădlac and Arad was split into two parts. The first part, between Nădlac and Pecica (22.2 km),[47] was awarded in April 2011 to a consortium led by the Romanian company Romstrade, while the second section, between Pecica and Arad (16.6 km),[47] was to be constructed by the Austrian company Alpine. Works started in October 2011 and were due to be finalized in April 2013.[26]

However, the contract for the first part of the section was terminated by the Romanian government in November 2012, due to low construction progress recorded by the Romstrade company (approximately 15–20%) and potential fraud by the company owner.[48][49] Also, the contract for the second part (construction progress approximately 85%)[50] was terminated in July 2013, because the Austrian company filed for bankruptcy.[51] The first segment was re-auctioned in April 2013,[52] and awarded in December 2013 to the joint venture of Astaldi and Max Bögl.[53] Works should be completed until the end of 2014.[53][54]

At the western end, the motorway will connect with Hungary's M43 motorway (under construction between Makó and Nagylak), which further connects with the M5 motorway, that runs from the border with Serbia to the capital city of Budapest.[55] A connecting road between the motorway (near the border crossing) and the town of Nădlac (approximately 7 km southbound) will also be built.[56]

Openings timeline[edit]

  • BucharestPitești segment (95.9 km) opened for traffic in 1972.[7]
  • Pitești bypass (13.6 km) was opened on 19 November 2007, as an addition to the above section.[8]
  • Sibiu bypass (17.5 km) wascompleted on 1 December 2010, forming a partial beltway around Sibiu.[22]
  • AradTimișoara segment (44.5 km) was opened on 17 December 2011. Arad bypass (12.25 km) was initially opened on a single carriageway and completed on 6 June 2012.[43]
  • Timișoara bypass (9.5 km) was opened on 23 October 2012, as an extension to the above section.[45]
  • DevaSimeria segment (15.4 km) was opened on 21 December 2012,[28] while the Simeria – Orăștie segment (17.4 km) became operational on 30 May 2013.[29]
  • OrăștieSibiu segment, lots 1, 2 and 4 (59.9 km) were opened on 19 December 2013.[27]
  • The Lugoj – Deva segment, lot 1 (27.6 km) was opened to traffic on 23 December 2013, between the interchange with the A6 motorway, near Balinț, and the exit at Dumbrava.[30][32]
  • Next scheduled opening: Orăștie – Sibiu segment, lot 3 (22.1 km) in September 2014.[27]

Exit list[edit]

Exits and buildings (Northbound)
Bucharest – Pitești (110 km)
Motorway km 10 Iuliu Maniu Blvd, Bucharest
Exit km 11 Bucharest Ring Road CB opened 1972
Exit km 13 Ciorogârla DJ601
Exit km 22 Bolintin Deal
Service area km 30 Lukoil, Motel, Restaurant
Exit km 30 Bolintin Vale DJ401A opened 1972
Bridge km 35 Argeș River
Service area km 36 Petrom, Restaurant, Parking
Service area km 42 Lukoil northbound only
Exit km 44 Vânătorii Mici DC162 opened 1972
Service area km 49 OMV / Agip
Exit km 49 Corbii Mari DJ711A
Service area km 56 Restaurant northbound only
Service area km 59 Gazprom opened 2013
Exit km 63 Olteni DC75
Exit km 70 Găești DN61 opened 1972
Exit km 73 Găești DN61 northbound entrance, southbound exit
Service area km 80 MOL, Motel, Restaurant, Parking
Exit km 86 Teiu DJ702A opened 1972
Service area km 94 Petrom, Motel, Restaurant
Exit km 94 Căteasca DJ703B opened 1972
Exit km 97 Cireșu DC105
Exit km 102 Oarja DJ503 opened 1972
Interchange km Slatina, Craiova A12 planned
Exit km 106 Pitești South / Slatina, Craiova DN65BDN65 opened 1972, rebuilt 2007 as exit
Service area km 109 Parking
Bridge km 110 Argeș River
Exit km 115 Pitești East / Mioveni, Câmpulung, Bucharest DN7DN73 opened 2007
Exit km 120 Pitești North / Curtea de Argeș, Râmnicu Vâlcea DN7DN7C opened 2007
Sibiu – Săliște (34 km)
Motorway km 0 Sibiu South / Tălmaciu DN1DN7 opened 2010
Exit km 5 Sibiu East / Agnita DJ106 opened 2010
Exit km 7 Sibiu City Centre opened 2010
Exit km 11 Sibiu North / Mediaș DN14 opened 2010
Exit km 17 Sibiu West, Sibiu Airport / Sebeș, Ocna Sibiului DN1T opened 2010, rebuilt 2013 as exit
Exit km 30 Săcel Tunnel opened 2013
Exit km 34 Săliște DN1 opened December 2013
Cunța – Deva (77 km)
Motorway km 291 Cunța DN1 opened December 2013
Exit km 304 Sebeș East DN1 opened December 2013
Interchange km 308 Turda, Cluj-Napoca A10 planned
Exit km 309 Sebeș North / Alba Iulia DN1 opened December 2013
Exit km 314 Sebeș West DN7 opened December 2013
Exit km 335 Orăștie DN7 opened 2013
Service area km 340 Parking opened 2013
Exit km 354 Simeria, Călan DN7DN66 opened 2012
Bridge km 355 Mureș River opened 2012
Exit km 368 Deva / Șoimuș DN7DN76 opened 2012
Traian Vuia – Balinț (17 km)
Motorway km 440 Traian Vuia DN68A opened December 2013
Interchange km 457 Lugoj A6 opened December 2013
Timișoara – Arad (54 km)
Motorway km 494 Timișoara East, Timișoara Airport / Lugoj DN6 opened 2012
Service area km 500 Parking opened 2012
Exit km 503 Timișoara North / Lipova DJ691 opened 2011
Exit km 516 Orțișoara / Seceani DJ693 opened 2013
Service area km 530 Parking under construction
Exit km 536 Arad South DN69 opened 2011
Exit km 538 Arad / Zădăreni, Sânnicolau Mare DJ682 opened 2012
Bridge km 540 Mureș River opened 2011
Exit km 542 Arad City Centre, Arad Airport DJ682F opened 2012
Interchange km 545 Nădlac, Szeged (Hungary) / Arad West, Oradea A11 under construction
Exit km 547 Arad West DN7 opened 2011

References[edit]

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External links[edit]