A1 motorway (Romania)
|Maintained by Compania Națională de Autostrăzi și Drumuri Naționale din România|
|Length:||290 km (180 mi)
581 km (361 mi) planned
141 km (88 mi) under construction
|To:||Nădlac (Border with Hungary)|
|Counties:||Ilfov, Giurgiu, Dâmbovița, Argeș, Vâlcea, Sibiu, Alba, Hunedoara, Timiș, Arad|
|Major cities:||Bucharest, Pitești, Sibiu, Sebeș, Orăștie, Deva, Timișoara, Arad|
|Motorways in Romania|
The A1 motorway (Romanian: Autostrada A1) is a motorway in Romania, planned to connect Bucharest with the Banat and Crișana regions in the western part of the country. It will be approximately 581 km long and will follow the route: Pitești, Sibiu, Orăștie, Deva, Timișoara, Arad, connecting with Hungary's M43 motorway near Nădlac. It is part of the Pan-European Corridor IV. It is also the Priority Project 7 of the Trans-European Transport Networks, and construction receives 85% funding from the European Union Cohesion Fund.
As of December 2013, the sections in service include a 110-kilometer long motorway linking Bucharest with Pitești, the Sibiu – Săliște segment (33.6 km), the Cunța – Deva segment (76.4 km), the Traian Vuia – Balinț segment (17.1 km) and the Timișoara – Arad motorway (54 km, in the western part of Romania). The total length of the opened sections is 290 km, with another 141 km under construction.
Currently, construction works are being performed between Sibiu and Nădlac. Several sections between Lugoj and Deva, comprising a total length of 71.8 km, were tendered in 2013, and construction began in 2014, while for two segments (38.9 km) between Nădlac and Arad works have been suspended for specific reasons (they were later resumed for the first segment, 22.2 km). Works are also being performed on the segment between Săliște and Cunța (22.1 km) and on the remaining segment between Lugoj and Timișoara (25.6 km).
Bucharest – Pitești
The Bucharest – Pitești segment of the motorway (95.9 km) was the first to be built in Romania. It was constructed between 1967 and 1972, during the communist regime. It remained the only motorway-class road in Romania for more than 15 years, until the completion of the Fetești – Cernavodă segment (on today's A2) in 1987. It underwent a major rehabilitation between 1997 and 2000, by the FAT joint venture between the Italian companies Federici, Astaldi and Todini. This motorway segment has 15 exits and 5 filling stations in each way, that operate as service areas.
As an addition to the above section, a 13.6 km long segment, known as the Pitești bypass, was opened on 19 November 2007, in order to divert traffic from the Pitești city centre. Works on this segment began in June 2004 and were awarded to the joint venture between Astaldi and Italstrade. An underpass in the Bascov area (north of Pitești) was also built to avoid traffic congestion at the nearby junction of the DN7 and DC7C roads. The project was fully completed in late 2008.
Pitești – Sibiu
The section between Sibiu and Pitești was scheduled to be tendered in the fourth quarter of 2012, but the feasibility study will first have to be tendered for review. Total construction costs of the 116.6 km section of the motorway, that would be crossing the Carpathian Mountains, partly along the Olt Valley, are estimated at 3.25 billion euro, and were previously planned to be completed by 2020.
This section has been subject to much controversy during 2013, when the Romanian Government declared the priority motorway route for crossing the Carpathian Mountains (see also Geography of Romania) will be the A3 motorway (between Brașov and Comarnic) instead of the A1 motorway (between Sibiu and Pitești). According to the same plans, the A3 motorway is planned to be connected to the A1 motorway via another motorway between Sibiu and Făgăraș, thus creating a nearly complete motorway corridor between Bucharest and Sibiu, whereas the section between Sibiu and Pitești is no longer a short-term priority. It is considered that this is possibly to avoid a competing alternative route to the section of the A3 motorway, which will be built via a concession contract.
According to the government announcements in December 2013, this section of the motorway is planned to be built however in the following years, between Pitești and Curtea de Argeș, as part of a motorway extension towards Râmnicu Vâlcea.
The 17.5 km of motorway forming a partial beltway around Sibiu were split into two segments. The first segment (km 0 to km 14) was awarded in April 2008 to the joint venture between Max Bögl, Geiger and Comtram. The second segment (km 14 to km 17) was awarded to the Romanian company Vectra Service in September 2009. It also included an upgrade of 3.3 km of the link road that connects with the DN1 road. Works on this section were completed in December 2010.
Sibiu – Deva
The 82.0 km-long stretch of motorway between Orăștie and Sibiu was split as well into four sections. The contract for the section three, between Cunța and Săliște (22.1 km), which includes the new 1,100-metre (3,600 ft) Aciliu Viaduct, was awarded in May 2011 to Impregilo, whereas the remaining three sections were awarded in June 2011.
The first section, between Orăștie and Sebeș (24.1 km), was awarded to the Austrian company Strabag, the second section, between Sebeș and Cunța (19.7 km), was awarded to the Romanian joint venture between Straco and Studio Corona, and the fourth section, between Săliște and Sibiu (16.1 km), was awarded to the Italian company Astaldi. Works on all four segments have started in October 2011 and were due to be operational in April 2013. After several delays, the first, second and fourth section were opened in December 2013. The third section is planned to be opened at the end of November 2014.
The construction of the Deva – Orăștie section of the motorway (32.8 km) was finally awarded to the Austrian company Strabag in late 2010, after numerous appeals from the competing companies. Construction works started in April 2011 and should have been completed in 24 months. The first 15.4 km of this section were opened for traffic on 21 December 2012. The remaining part was opened on 30 May 2013.
Deva – Lugoj
The section between Lugoj (Belinț) and Deva (Șoimuș) is split into four segments. Works on the first segment, between Belinț and Dumbrava (27.4 km), are performed by the Italian company Tirrena Scavi. They have started in October 2011 and were due for completion in April 2013. The contract includes a connecting segment (11.4 km) between the motorway, branching off near the village of Balinț, and the city of Lugoj, that is the first section of the A6 motorway. After several delays, the segment was eventually opened on 23 December 2013, but only between the junction with the A6 motorway and the exit at the eastern end at Dumbrava. The remaining part of the segment is not usable, as the subsequent Lugoj – Timișoara section is in early stages of construction (see below). Plans to build a temporary exit at the western end of the segment (near Șanovița) are being considered. Another possibility is unloading the traffic through the Topolovățu Mare interchange (with DJ572), which is 6 km westbound along the Timișoara – Lugoj section, awarded for construction to the same company.
The remaining three segments (71.8 km) were auctioned in May 2013. The fourth segment, between Ilia and Șoimuș (22.1 km), was awarded in July 2013 to the joint venture between the Romanian companies Spedition UMB and Tehnostrade. The second and third segments were awarded in October 2013. The second segment, between Dumbrava and Coșevița (28.6 km), was awarded to the Italian joint venture between Salini and Secol, whereas the third segment, between Coșevița and Ilia (21.1 km), was awarded to the Romanian company Teloxim Con. Completion time for the remaining part should take two and a half years.
Lugoj – Timișoara – Arad
The section between Arad, Timișoara and Lugoj (79.6 km) was split into four segments: the Arad bypass (12.25 km), the Arad – Timișoara motorway (32.25 km), the Timișoara bypass (9.5 km, between Giarmata and Remetea Mare) and the Timișoara – Lugoj segment (25.6 km).
Works for the Arad bypass (12.25 km) were awarded in March 2009 to the joint venture between the Spanish company FCC Construccion and the Austrian company Porr. The segment was opened in on a single carriageway December 2011, and on both carriageways in June 2012.
The 32.25 km section of motorway between Arad and Timișoara was awarded in December 2008 to the joint venture between the Spanish company FCC Construccion and the Italian company Astaldi. It was opened along with the Arad bypass in December 2011.
The stretch between Timișoara and Lugoj (25.6 km) has been re-auctioned in August 2012, after appeals from participants at the previous auction. It has been awarded to the joint venture between the Italian companies Tirrena Scavi and Societa Italiana Per Condotte D'Acqua in December 2013. Construction should be finished in 2015.
Arad – Nădlac
The construction of the 38.8 km section between Nădlac and Arad was split into two parts. The first part, between Nădlac and Pecica (22.2 km), was awarded in April 2011 to a consortium led by the Romanian company Romstrade, while the second section, between Pecica and Arad (16.6 km), was to be constructed by the Austrian company Alpine. Works started in October 2011 and were due to be finalized in April 2013.
However, the contract for the first part of the section was terminated by the Romanian government in November 2012, due to low construction progress recorded by the Romstrade company (approximately 15–20%) and potential fraud by the company owner. Also, the contract for the second part (construction progress approximately 85%) was terminated in July 2013, because the Austrian company filed for bankruptcy. The first segment was re-auctioned in April 2013, and awarded in December 2013 to the joint venture of Astaldi and Max Bögl. Works should be completed until the end of 2014. A tender for the remaining works on the second segment was announced in June 2014.
At the western end, the motorway will connect with Hungary's M43 motorway (under construction between Makó and Csanádpalota), which further connects with the M5 motorway, that runs from the border with Serbia to the capital city of Budapest. A connecting road between the motorway (near the border crossing) and the town of Nădlac (approximately 7 km southbound) will also be built.
- Bucharest – Pitești segment (95.9 km) opened for traffic in 1972.
- Pitești bypass (13.6 km) was opened on 19 November 2007, as an addition to the above section.
- Sibiu bypass (17.5 km) wascompleted on 1 December 2010, forming a partial beltway around Sibiu.
- Arad – Timișoara segment (44.5 km) was opened on 17 December 2011. Arad bypass (12.25 km) was initially opened on a single carriageway and completed on 6 June 2012.
- Timișoara bypass (9.5 km) was opened on 23 October 2012, as an extension to the above section.
- Deva – Simeria segment (15.4 km) was opened on 21 December 2012, while the Simeria – Orăștie segment (17.4 km) became operational on 30 May 2013.
- Orăștie – Sibiu segment, lots 1, 2 and 4 (59.9 km) were opened on 19 December 2013.
- The Lugoj – Deva segment, lot 1 (27.6 km) was opened to traffic on 23 December 2013, between the interchange with the A6 motorway, near Balinț, and the exit at Dumbrava.
- Next scheduled opening: Orăștie – Sibiu segment, lot 3 (22.1 km) in November 2014.
|Exits and buildings (Northbound)|
|Bucharest – Pitești (110 km)|
|km 10||Iuliu Maniu Blvd, Bucharest|
|km 11||Bucharest Ring Road||opened 1972|
|km 22||Bolintin Deal|
|km 30||Lukoil, Motel, Restaurant|
|km 30||Bolintin Vale||opened 1972|
|km 35||Argeș River|
|km 36||Petrom, Restaurant, Parking|
|km 42||Lukoil||northbound only|
|km 44||Vânătorii Mici||opened 1972|
|km 49||OMV / Agip|
|km 49||Corbii Mari|
|km 56||Restaurant||northbound only|
|km 59||Gazprom||opened 2013|
|km 70||Găești||opened 1972|
|km 73||Găești||northbound entrance, southbound exit|
|km 80||MOL, Motel, Restaurant, Parking|
|km 86||Teiu||opened 1972|
|km 94||Petrom, Motel, Restaurant|
|km 94||Căteasca||opened 1972|
|km 102||Oarja||opened 1972|
|km 106||Pitești South / Slatina, Craiova||opened 1972, rebuilt 2007 as exit|
|km 110||Argeș River|
|km 115||Pitești East / Mioveni, Câmpulung, Bucharest||opened 2007|
|km 120||Pitești North / Curtea de Argeș, Râmnicu Vâlcea||opened 2007|
|Sibiu – Săliște (34 km)|
|km 0||Sibiu South / Tălmaciu||opened 2010|
|km 5||Sibiu East / Agnita||opened 2010|
|km 7||Sibiu City Centre||opened 2010|
|km 11||Sibiu North / Mediaș||opened 2010|
|km 17||Sibiu West, Sibiu Airport / Sebeș, Ocna Sibiului||opened 2010, rebuilt 2013 as exit|
|km 30||Săcel Tunnel||opened 2013|
|km 34||Săliște||opened December 2013|
|Cunța – Deva (77 km)|
|km 291||Cunța||opened December 2013|
|km 304||Sebeș East||opened December 2013|
|km 308||Turda, Cluj-Napoca||planned|
|km 309||Sebeș North / Alba Iulia||opened December 2013|
|km 314||Sebeș West||opened December 2013|
|km 335||Orăștie||opened 2013|
|km 340||Parking||opened 2013|
|km 354||Simeria, Călan||opened 2012|
|km 355||Mureș River||opened 2012|
|km 368||Deva / Șoimuș||opened 2012|
|Traian Vuia – Balinț (17 km)|
|km 440||Traian Vuia||opened December 2013|
|km 457||Lugoj||opened December 2013|
|Timișoara – Arad (54 km)|
|km 494||Timișoara East, Timișoara Airport / Lugoj||opened 2012|
|km 500||Parking||opened 2012|
|km 503||Timișoara North / Lipova||opened 2011|
|km 516||Orțișoara / Seceani||opened 2013|
|km 530||Parking||under construction|
|km 536||Arad South||opened 2011|
|km 538||Arad / Zădăreni, Sânnicolau Mare||opened 2012|
|km 540||Mureș River||opened 2011|
|km 542||Arad City Centre, Arad Airport||opened 2012|
|km 545||Nădlac, Szeged (Hungary) / Arad West, Oradea||under construction|
|km 547||Arad West||opened 2011|
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to A1 motorway (Romania).|
- Map of the Lugoj – Deva section, lots 2, 3 and 4, and lot 1
- Map of the Sibiu – Pitești section
- Motorways in Romania 2014–2020 (pdf file)
- CNADNR – Coridorul IV Nădlac - Constanța
- Description & collection of news articles about the A1 motorway