A1 motorway (Slovenia)

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A1 Motorway shield}}

A1 Motorway
Avtocesta A1
A1 motorway at Vodole
Route information
Part of E57 / E59 / E61 / E70
Length: 236.1 km (146.7 mi)
Major junctions
From: Tabliczka A 9.svg A9 in Austria
 

Slovenian H2 expressway shield H2 near Pesnica
Autokinetodromos A5 number.svg A5 near Dragučova
Slovenian H2 expressway shield H2 near Spodnje Hoče
Autokinetodromos A4 number.svg A4 near Spodnje Hoče
Slovenian H3 expressway shield H3 near Ljubljana
Autokinetodromos A2 number.svg A2 near Ljubljana
Slovenian H4 expressway shield H4 near Razdrto

Autokinetodromos A3 number.svg A3 near Gabrk
To: Slovenian H5 expressway shield H5 near Ankaran
Location
Major cities: Maribor, Celje, Ljubljana, Postojna, Koper
Highway system

The A1 motorway (Slovene: avtocesta A1) is 236.1 km (146.7 mi) long, connecting Šentilj (at the Austrian border) and Koper/Capodistria (on the shores of the Adriatic Sea). It passes several important Slovenian cities, including Maribor, Celje and Ljubljana all the way to the Slovenian Littoral and Koper, with its important port.

Construction began in 1970 and the first section was finished in 1972, connecting Vrhnika and Postojna. Everyday operation of this initial stretch started on 29 December 1972.[1]

The connection to Koper was finished on 23 November 2004. The second-to-last part, from Trojane to Blagovica, was opened on 12 August 2005. It was also the most expensive, having eight viaducts and two tunnels despite being only 11 km long. The final section, the eastern Maribor bypass, opened on 14 August 2009.[2]

Route description[edit]

The A1 motorway provides connection of Slovenia and Austria (only other motorway with border crossing to Austria being A2 motorway and was from the very start important route, because it connected three largest cities in Slovenia - Ljubljana, Maribor and Celje. On the other hand it also connected all those cities with Slovenian coast and provided better conditions for transit to Port of Koper. As of 2013 it is also the only motorway that is connected to all the other motorways in Slovenia.

As of 2013 motorway always has at least two traffic lanes in each direction and is rarely without emergency lane. On some parts it has three traffic lanes in one direction and two in another (usually the additional is for slow vehicles). Only Tunnel Golovec has three lanes in each direction. It was also planned that some other parts of highway will get additional lanes but most of plans were postponed due to lack of money.[3]


Toll[edit]

The toll station at Log pri Brezovici

Until July 1, 2008 all vehicles had to stop at tollgates and pay a toll. Since that date vignettes are required for all vehicles up to 3.5 tons, while heavier vehicles must still pay the toll at a tollgate. Tollgates are being rearranged so that two traffic lanes for lighter vehicles (with vignettes) are no longer divided by tollgates and vehicles can drive through at 60 kilometres per hour (37 miles per hour). Where tollgates are still standing as they were before July 1, 2008, the speed limit is 40 kilometres per hour (25 miles per hour).

There are six toll stations for heavier vehicles Pesnica, Tepanje, Vransko, Kompolje, Log and Videž. For R3 group it ranges from €3.40 to €19.60, together €47.10 at daytime (6 AM-10 PM) and from €3.00 to €17.60, together €42.30 at night (10 PM-6 AM). For R4 group it ranges from €4.90 to €28.30, together €68.20 at daytime (6 AM-10 PM) and from €4.40 to €25.50, together €61.40 at night (10 PM-6 AM).[4]

Notable structures[edit]

When most parts of motorway were already done, there came two parts that were something special, meaning tunnels near Trojane[5] with most notable being Tunnel Trojane with length of almost 3 kilometres and thus second longest tunnel in Slovenia (the longest being Karavanke Tunnel) and viaduct Črni Kal, the longest viaduct in Slovenia, being longer than 1 kilometer and also 95 metres high.[6]

Junction list[edit]

Exit[3] km Name Destination Notes
0 Austria A9
E57
E59
The northern terminus of the route; northbound A1 traffic defaults to the Austrian Pyhrnautobahn (A9) leading to Graz; border
1 1 Šentilj Slovenian route 437 shield 437
Slovenian route 438 shield 438
Connection to Pesnica (437), Trate and Gornja Radgona (438); modified diamond interchange
2 11 Maribor-sever Slovenian H2 expressway shield H2
Slovenian route 3 shield 3
Slovenian route 437 shield 437
Modified roundabout interchange with H2 (Zahodna obvoznica Maribora) leading through western part of Maribor, connection to Lenart, Radenci, Dolga vas (3) and Šentilj (437)
3 12 Junction Dragučova Slovenian A5 motorway shield A5
E653
Full Y interchange with A5 motorway leading to Hungary through state border Pince
4 17 Maribor-vzhod Zrkovci Local road through Zrkovci, connected with road 710, leading to Vurberk and Ptuj; modified diamond interchange
5 21 Maribor-center Slovenian route 1 shield 1 Connection to either Dravograd and Vič or Hajdina (1); folded diamond interchange
6 23 Rogoza Slovenian route 450 shield 450 Connection to either Hoče or Maribor Airport (450); four ramp partial cloverleaf interchange
7 25 Junction Slivnica Slovenian A4 motorway shield A4
E59
Slovenian route 430 shield 430
Interchange with A4 motorway (also route E59) currently leading to Razcep Draženci and connection to either Maribor or Slovenska Bistrica, Slovenske Konjice and Celje (430)
8 29 Fram 711 Connection to Rače, Kungota and Kidričevo (711); trumpet interchange
9 37 Slovenska Bistrica-sever Slovenian route 2 shield 2 Connection to Ptuj and Ormož (2); full Y interchange
10 39 Slovenska Bistrica-jug Slovenian route 430 shield 430 Connection to either Maribor or Slovenske Konjice and Celje (430); trumpet interchange
11 48 Slovenske Konjice Slovenian route 430 shield 430
686
Connection to either Maribor and Slovenska Bistrica or Celje (430), Žiče and Dramlje (686); trumpet interchange
12 59 Dramlje Slovenian route 234 shield 234
686
Connection to Dole, Šentjur (234), Žiče and Tepanje; trumpet interchange
13 65 Celje-vzhod Leskovec Local road in Leskovec; full way interchange
14 67 Celje-center Slovenian route 430 shield 430 Connection to Slovenske Konjice, Slovenska Bistrica and Maribor (430); trumpet interchange
15 73 Celje-vzhod Slovenian route 5 shield 5 Connection to either Arja vas or Zidani Most, Krško and Drnovo (5); dumbbell interchange
16 75 Žalec Slovenian route 4 shield 4
Slovenian route 451 shield 451
Connection to Velenje, Slovenj Gradec, Dravograd (4) and to road 447 (451); diamond interchange
17 82 Šempeter 694 Connection to Velenje; modified diamond interchange
18 84 Šentrupert Slovenian route 225 shield 225 Connection to Soteska, Mozirje, Radmirje, Črnivec, Stahovica, Kamnik, Duplica and Mengeš (225); diamond interchange
19 92 Vransko Slovenian route 447 shield 447 Connection to either Šempeter, Žalec and Arja vas or Trojane, Blagovica and Trzin; four ramp partial cloverleaf interchange
20 102 Trojane Slovenian route 221 shield 221
Slovenian route 447 shield 447
Connection to Izlake, Trbovlje, Hrastnik, Šmarjeta (221) and either Šempeter, Žalec, Arja vas and Ločica or Blagovica and Trzin (447)
21 113 Blagovica Slovenian route 447 shield 447 Connection to either Trojane, Šempeter, Žalec, Arja vas and Ločica or Trzin (447)
22 120 Lukovica pri Domžalah Slovenian route 447 shield 447 Connection to either Blagovica, Trojane, Šempeter, Žalec, Arja vas and Ločica or Trzin (447); interchange with rest area
23 124 Krtina Slovenian route 415 shield 415 Connection to Želodnik, Drtija and Izlake; four ramp partial cloverleaf interchange
24 127 Domžale Slovenian route 447 shield 447 Connection to Trzin, Blagovica, Šempeter, Žalec, Arja vas and Ločica (447); full Y interchange
25 133 Ljubljana-Šentjakob Slovenian route 108 shield 108 Connection to Litija, Hrastnik and Zidani Most (108); diamond interchange
26 134 Ljubljana-Sneberje 644 Connection to Šentjakob, Domžale and Duplica (644); four ramp partial cloverleaf interchange
27 135 Junction Zadobrova Slovenian H3 expressway shield H3 Full Y interchange with H3 (Severna obvoznica Ljubljane) leading through northern part of Ljubljana
28 136 Industrijska cona Moste Industrijska cona Moste Local road; exit just in direction Koper - Maribor
29 137 Ljubljana-vzhod Zaloška cesta Street in Ljubljana; diamond interchange
30 138 Ljubljana-Bizovik 645 Connection to Šmartno pri Litiji (645); diamond interchange
31 142 Junction Malence Slovenian A2 motorway shield A2
E70
Full Y interchange with A2 motorway (also route E70), leading to Novo mesto and Brežice
32 142 Ljubljana-jug 642 Connection to Ig and Vrhnika (642); trumpet interchange
33 144 Ljubljana-Rudnik 642 Connection to Ig and Vrhnika (642); trumpet interchange
34 147 Ljubljana-center Barjanska cesta Street in Ljubljana; four ramp partial cloverleaf interchange
35 149 Ljubljana-zahod Tržaška cesta Street in Ljubljana; trumpet interchange
36 150 Junction Kozarje Slovenian A2 motorway shield A2
E61
E70
Full Y interchange with A2 motorway (also route E61 and E70), leading to Kranj and Jesenice
37 152 Brezovica pri Ljubljani Slovenian route 409 shield 409
641
Connection to Vrhnika, Logatec, Postojna, Razdrto, Kozina (409) and Ljubljana (641); trumpet interchange
38 165 Vrhnika Slovenian route 409 shield 409 Connection either to Vrhnika, Logatec, Postojna, Razdrto and Kozina or Ljubljana (409); trumpet interchange
39 173 Logatec Slovenian route 102 shield 102 Connection to Idrija, Tolmin and Kobarid (102); trumpet interchange
40 183 Unec Slovenian route 212 shield 212 Connection to Cerknica and Sodražica (212); four ramp partial cloverleaf interchange
41 195 Postojna Slovenian route 6 shield 6 Connection to Ilirska Bistrica and Jelšane (6); four ramp partial cloverleaf interchange
42 204 Razdrto Slovenian route 409 shield 409 Connection either to Postojna, Logatec, Vrhnika and Ljubljana or Kozina (409)
43 206 Junction Razdrto Slovenian H4 expressway shield H4 Semi-directional T interchange with H4 (Vipavska hitra cesta) leading to Vipava and Italy
44 211 Senožeče Slovenian route 445 shield 445 Connection to Sežana and Fernetiči (445); trumpet interchange
45 216 Junction Gabrk Slovenian A3 motorway shield A3
E70
Semi-directional T interchange with A3 motorway (also route E70), leading to Sežana and Italy
46 219 Divača Slovenian route 409 shield 409 Connection either to Razdrto, Postojna, Logatec, Vrhnika and Ljubljana or Kozina (409); trumpet interchange
47 226 Kozina Slovenian route 7 shield 7
Slovenian route 409 shield 409
Connection to Krvavi potok (7), Razdrto, Postojna, Logatec, Vrhnika and Ljubljana (409); trumpet interchange
48 235 Kastelec Slovenian route 409 shield 409 Connection to Kozina, Razdrto, Postojna, Logatec, Vrhnika and Ljubljana (409); modified diamond interchange
49 238 Črni kal Slovenian route 208 shield 208
Slovenian route 409 shield 409
Connection to Rižana (208), Kozina Razdrto, Postojna, Logatec, Vrhnika and Ljubljana (409); trumpet interchange
50 244 Junction Srmin Slovenian H5 expressway shield H5
E751
The western terminus of the route; northbound and westbound A1 traffic defaults to the H5 expressway (also route E751) leading to Škofije and Koper respectively

Tunnels[edit]

The motorway includes 10 tunnels, 2 galleries and 1 covered cut:

  • Gallery Dragučova right an left 160 m (520 ft)
  • Vodole right 249 m (817 ft), Vodole left 247 m (810 ft)
  • Covered cut Malečnik right and left 185 m (607 ft)
  • Golo rebro right 788 m (2,585 ft), Golo rebro left 757 m (2,484 ft)
  • Pletovarje right 708 m (2,323 ft), Pletovarje left 745 m (2,444 ft)
  • Ločica right 750 m (2,460 ft), Ločica left 810 m (2,660 ft)
  • Jasovnik right 1,633 m (5,358 ft), Jasovnik left 1,612 m (5,289 ft)
  • Trojane right 2,840 m (9,320 ft), Trojane left 2,931 m (9,616 ft)
  • Podmilj right 622 m (2,041 ft), Podmilj left 613 m (2,011 ft)
  • Gallery Strmec right and left 200 m (660 ft)
  • Golovec right 622 m (2,041 ft), Golovec left 595 m (1,952 ft)
  • Kastelec right 2,195 m (7,201 ft), Kastelec left 2,303 m (7,556 ft)
  • Dekani right 2,190 m (7,190 ft), Dekani left2,181 m (7,156 ft)

Bridges[edit]

The "Harp Bridge" of the A1 motorway that crosses the Ljubljanica

Motorway A1 has 101 viaducts, 109 bridges, 129 overpass in 117 underpass.

Some of the largest viaduct in the A1 (span greater than 500 mm (20 in)):

  • Kresnica right 587 m (1,926 ft) and left 587 m (1,926 ft)
  • Pekel right 448 m (1,470 ft) and left 448 m (1,470 ft)
  • Preloge right558 m (1,831 ft) and left 558 m (1,831 ft)
  • Škedenj I. right 466 m (1,529 ft) and left 563 m (1,847 ft)
  • Ločica right 849 m (2,785 ft) and left 869 m (2,851 ft)
  • Šentožbolt right 410 m (1,350 ft) and left 541 m (1,775 ft)
  • Petelinjek right 622 m (2,041 ft) and left 634 m (2,080 ft)
  • Blagovica right 446 m (1,463 ft) and left 426 m (1,398 ft)
  • Verd right 620 m (2,030 ft) and left 586 m (1,923 ft)
  • Ravbarkomanda right 591 m (1,939 ft) and left 533 m (1,749 ft)
  • Črni kal right 1,046 m (3,432 ft) and left 1,048 m (3,438 ft)
  • Bivje right 575 m (1,886 ft) and left 563 m (1,847 ft)

The Črni Kal Viaduct is the longest viaduct in Slovenia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Vrhnika - Postojna". Družba za avtoceste v Republiki Sloveniji. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "A1 motorway". Družba za avtoceste v Republiki Sloveniji. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Halabica, Michal. "Exit list". Motorways - Exit Lists. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Toll prices". Družba za avtoceste v Republiki Sloveniji. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "A1 Vransko - Blagovica". Družba za avtoceste v Republiki Sloveniji. Retrieved 20 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "A1 Klanec - Srmin". Družba za avtoceste v Republiki Sloveniji. Retrieved 20 August 2013.