A27 road

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A27 road shield

A27 road
A27 road map.png
Major junctions
West end: Whiteparish (near Salisbury, Wiltshire)
  [ M 3  ] M3 motorway
[ A 3 (M)  ] A3(M) motorway
[ M 27  ] M27 motorway
[ M 275  ] M275 motorway
A22 A22 road
A23 A23 road
A24 A24 road
A26 A26 road
A29 A29 road
A259 A259 road
A270 A270 road
A275 A275 road
A280 A280 road
A283 A283 road
A284 A284 road
A286 A286 road
A2025 A2025 road
A2030 A2030 road
A2031 A2031 road
A2038 A2038 road
A2270 A2270 road
A3 A3 road
A32 A32 road
A33 A33 road
A36 A36 road
A334 A334 road
A335 A335 road
A3023 A3023 road
A3024 A3024 road
A3051 A3051 road
A3090 A3090 road
East end: Pevensey (near Bexhill, East Sussex)
Location
Primary
destinations
:
Southampton
Fareham
Portsmouth
Chichester
Littlehampton
Worthing
Brighton and Hove
Lewes
Eastbourne
Road network

The A27 is a major road in England. It runs from its junction with the A36 at Whiteparish (near Salisbury) in the county of Wiltshire. It closely parallels the south coast, where it passes through West Sussex and terminates at Pevensey (near Eastbourne and Bexhill) in East Sussex.

It is one of the westernmost Zone 2 roads in the UK.

Between Portsmouth and Lewes, it is one of the busiest trunk roads in the UK.

History[edit]

Historically, for longer distance movement along the south coast, the M25 in combination with the M2, M20, M23 / A23, A3 / A3(M) and M3 has provided an attractive alternative to the actual south coast route of A259, A27 and M27. In 2002 an offpeak journey between Margate and Southampton via the M25 was 2 hours 30 minutes, and via the coastal route using the A259, A27 and M27 was 3 hours 50 minutes.[1] The reason why the coastal route is so much slower than the M25 alternative, is largely due to a series of bottlenecks on the A27. These include Chichester, Arundel, Worthing and Polegate.[2]

The British government announced, in their 2013 spending review, that they would go ahead with improvements to the Chichester bypass, although no date has been given for the commencement of the work.[3] The amount of money to be made available for the project was £69 million, so based on the Highways Agency costings, it is likely that the Option 1 (no Stockbridge link road) will be the preferred solution.[4][5][6]

A proposed scheme to bypass Lancing and Sompting (as well as other sections) was dropped in 1988.[7]

A proposed scheme to bypass Arundel was dropped in 2003 although the junction at the end of the dual carriageway has been partly made into an underpass.[8][9]

At Worthing, where the possibility of a bypass has often been discussed since 1967, even getting as far as passing the inspector's report at a public inquiry, the plan was dropped in 1996 following rising costs.[10]These are both areas of known traffic congestion during times of peak usage.[2][11]

A bridge over the level crossing at Beddingham was completed on 22 August 2008.[12] The original proposal called for a dual carriageway standard link with a bridge over the crossing.[13] However, the actual project involved improving the original single carriageway road by providing two lanes westbound and one lane eastbound between the Southerham and Beddingham roundabouts.[12]

Despite the limited improvements to the A27, it is still substantially quicker(usually more than an hour difference)to travel from Southampton to Margate via the M25 route compared to the coast route of A259, A27 and M27.[14][15]

Because of all the delays along its route, according to West Sussex County Council, the A27 is the most unreliable all purpose trunk road in England.[16] Further it is widely considered, by businesses on the coast, to cost money and inhibit economic performance due to its unreliability and frequent congestion.[17] However proposals by central government to allow private sector financing to improve major roads may be a possible solution to the A27s demise.[18]

Actor Desmond Llewelyn, who portrayed Q in a large portion of the James Bond film series, was fatally injured in a car accident on the A27 in 1999.[19]

Description[edit]

The road starts at its junction with the A36 at Whiteparish. It runs through Romsey, Swaythling, West End and Bursledon. It then closely parallels the south coast and travels on via Fareham, Cosham, Havant, Chichester, Arundel, Worthing, Lancing, Shoreham-by-Sea, Hove, Brighton, Falmer, Lewes and Polegate where it then terminates at Pevensey in East Sussex.[20]

A section of the A27 running from the eastern end of the M27 to the end of the road at Pevensey forms part of, what was known as, the South Coast Trunk Road. Much of the road has been improved to dual carriageway standard, with the westernmost section of the trunk portion even having as much as four lanes plus a hard shoulder in each direction, and on a motorway alignment with grade-separated junctions. This is perhaps a reflection that the M27 was once proposed to run as far as Chichester.[21]

The road runs east from Portsmouth to Havant then on to the Warblington/ Emsworth exit. Beyond Warblington the dual carriageway east has no junctions in it until it reaches Chichester, where the by-pass has five roundabouts and one traffic signal controlled junction, that disrupt the mainline flow of the road.[4][22] The Chichester by-pass is regularly subject to congestion and although a public inquiry has proposed improvements, those improvements are currently on hold.[4]

East of Chichester the road largely retains a two-lane dual-carriageway standard. There are, however a couple of sections of single-carriageway; at Arundel and at Worthing.[1] These are both areas of known traffic congestion during times of peak usage.[23]

At the junction of the A27 and the A24, the A27 has a brief section where the road is designated 'A27' and 'A24' before continuing from the 'Grove Lodge' roundabout where the road is named "Upper Brighton Road".[20] After Worthing, the A27 passes Sompting on the Sompting Bypass before passing through Lancing where there are traffic lights and a roundabout which disrupt traffic flow, The road then crosses the River Adur near Shoreham -- the 'Shoreham flyover'. It then runs through the Southwick Hill Tunnel, crossing into East Sussex where it passes into a narrow cutting.

Later, it passes Brighton — where it is known as the Brighton Bypass[24][25] — and around the South Downs. The junction of the A23 and the A27 is often slow in the morning rush hour.

It then passes around Falmer with this section of road having three lanes in each direction but loses the third lane later. When Brighton and Hove Albion play at home this section can become congested due to its proximity to The American Express Community Stadium.

Afterwards, it passes south of Lewes where it meets the A26 road to Newhaven.

Here, the road becomes a single carriageway standard and, until 2008, crossed a level crossing until it was bypassed.

The south coast multi model study recommended a dual carriageway, but the Highways Agency built it to a cheaper single-carriageway standard. Plans are still proposed for upgrading this later.[1][26]

The road afterwards reverts to a dual carriageway with access to the A22, which provides links to Eastbourne and Hailsham.

The road then. once again. turns into a single carriageway near Pevensey, where the road ends, and the South Coast Trunk Road transfers over to the A259; this coast road starts in Emsworth and shadows the route of the A27.

Bexhill to Hastings link road[edit]

Main article: A259 road

Work on the contentious Bexhill to Hastings link road commenced in early 2013. The road will provide a more direct link from the A27 to the A28 road via the A259 road.[27]

Landmarks on the route[edit]

Proposed developments[edit]

  • In their 2013 spending review the British government said that they will fund a feasibility study that will include looking at problems on the A27 corridor.[28]
  • There is a recommendation to build a new road from Wilmington to Polegate.[1]
  • There is also a recommendation to make the road a dual carriageway between Beddingham and Polegate.[1]

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "South Coast Corridor Multi-Modal Study". UK Government. 2002. p. 40. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "South Coast Corridor Multi-Modal Study". UK Government. 2002. p. 29. Retrieved 22 March 2012. 
  3. ^ "George Osborne commits to A27 works at Chichester". Chichester: Chichester Observer. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "A27 Chichester Improvement". Highways Agency. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  5. ^ "Arundel Bypass review". Littlehampton Gazette. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "West Sussex A27 Action Plan". Chichester: WSCC,. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "A27 BY-Pass project October 1988". Retrieved 15 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "A27 upgrade calls". Chichester Observer. Retrieved 16 May 2011. 
  9. ^ "Arundel Bypass - Hansard". UK Government. 2000. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  10. ^ "Highway to Hell". Worthing: The Argus. 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  11. ^ "West Sussex Transport Plan 2011-2026". West Sussex County Council. p. 29. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "A27 Southerham to Beddingham". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  13. ^ "South Coast Corridor Multi-Modal Study". UK Government. 2002. pp. 137–138. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  14. ^ "Southampton to Margate via M25". Googlemaps. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  15. ^ "Southampton to Margate via A27". Googlemaps. Retrieved 23 March 2012. 
  16. ^ "West Sussex Transport Plan 2011-2026". West Sussex County Council. p. 28. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  17. ^ "West Sussex Transport Plan 2011-2026". p. V. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  18. ^ "Private investment needed for A27 improvements". Worthing Herald. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  19. ^ "Road death of Q actor accidental". London, United Kingdom: Guardian News and Media Limited. 14 June 2000. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  20. ^ a b "A27 route". Googlemaps. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  21. ^ "Map of Original Plans for M27". Pathetic Motorways. Retrieved 21 March 2012. 
  22. ^ Google map of Chichester retrieved 3 March 2012
  23. ^ "Those A27 traffic jams have to ease". The Argus. Retrieved 8 June 2011. 
  24. ^ The Archaeology of the A27 Brighton Bypass, Archaeology South East
  25. ^ By-pass: First proposed in 1932, My Brighton and Hove, Tim Carder, 1990
  26. ^ "A27 Southerham to Beddingham". Highways agency. Retrieved 1 February 2013. 
  27. ^ "Bexhill-Hastings road-protest". Guardian Newspapers. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013. 
  28. ^ "Investing in Britains Future". H M Treasury. 2013. p. 13. 

Coordinates: 50°51′26″N 0°36′00″W / 50.85716°N 0.60004°W / 50.85716; -0.60004