|West end:||Whiteparish (near Salisbury, Wiltshire)|
| M3 motorway
|East end:||Pevensey (near Bexhill, East Sussex)|
Brighton and Hove
The A27 is a major road in England. It runs from its junction with the A36 at Whiteparish (near Salisbury) in the county of Wiltshire. It closely parallels the south coast, where it passes through West Sussex and terminates at Pevensey (near Eastbourne and Bexhill) in East Sussex.
It is one of the westernmost Zone 2 roads in the UK.
Historically, for longer distance movement along the south coast, the M25 in combination with the M2, M20, M23 / A23, A3 / A3(M) and M3 has provided an attractive alternative to the actual south coast route of A259, A27 and M27. In 2002 an offpeak journey between Margate and Southampton via the M25 was 2 hours 30 minutes, and via the coastal route using the A259, A27 and M27 was 3 hours 50 minutes. The reason why the coastal route is so much slower than the M25 alternative, is largely due to a series of bottlenecks on the A27. These include Chichester, Arundel, Worthing and Polegate.
The British government announced, in their 2013 spending review, that they would go ahead with improvements to the Chichester bypass, although no date has been given for the commencement of the work. The amount of money to be made available for the project was £69 million, so based on the Highways Agency costings, it is likely that the Option 1 (no Stockbridge link road) will be the preferred solution.
A proposed scheme to bypass Lancing and Sompting (as well as other sections) was dropped in 1988.
At Worthing, where the possibility of a bypass has often been discussed since 1967, even getting as far as passing the inspector's report at a public inquiry, the plan was dropped in 1996 following rising costs.These are both areas of known traffic congestion during times of peak usage.
A bridge over the level crossing at Beddingham was completed on 22 August 2008. The original proposal called for a dual carriageway standard link with a bridge over the crossing. However, the actual project involved improving the original single carriageway road by providing two lanes westbound and one lane eastbound between the Southerham and Beddingham roundabouts.
Despite the limited improvements to the A27, it is still substantially quicker(usually more than an hour difference)to travel from Southampton to Margate via the M25 route compared to the coast route of A259, A27 and M27.
Because of all the delays along its route, according to West Sussex County Council, the A27 is the most unreliable all purpose trunk road in England. Further it is widely considered, by businesses on the coast, to cost money and inhibit economic performance due to its unreliability and frequent congestion. However proposals by central government to allow private sector financing to improve major roads may be a possible solution to the A27s demise.
The road starts at its junction with the A36 at Whiteparish. It runs through Romsey, Swaythling, West End and Bursledon. It then closely parallels the south coast and travels on via Fareham, Cosham, Havant, Chichester, Arundel, Worthing, Lancing, Shoreham-by-Sea, Hove, Brighton, Falmer, Lewes and Polegate where it then terminates at Pevensey in East Sussex.
A section of the A27 running from the eastern end of the M27 to the end of the road at Pevensey forms part of, what was known as, the South Coast Trunk Road. Much of the road has been improved to dual carriageway standard, with the westernmost section of the trunk portion even having as much as four lanes plus a hard shoulder in each direction, and on a motorway alignment with grade-separated junctions. This is perhaps a reflection that the M27 was once proposed to run as far as Chichester.
The road runs east from Portsmouth to Havant then on to the Warblington/ Emsworth exit. Beyond Warblington the dual carriageway east has no junctions in it until it reaches Chichester, where the by-pass has five roundabouts and one traffic signal controlled junction, that disrupt the mainline flow of the road. The Chichester by-pass is regularly subject to congestion and although a public inquiry has proposed improvements, those improvements are currently on hold.
East of Chichester the road largely retains a two-lane dual-carriageway standard. There are, however a couple of sections of single-carriageway; at Arundel, where a proposed bypass scheme was dropped in 2003, and at Worthing, where the possibility of a bypass has been discussed regularly since 1967, even getting as far as passing the inspector's report at a public inquiry, but was dropped in 1996 following rising costs. These are both areas of known traffic congestion during times of peak usage.
At the junction of the A27 and the A24, the A27 has a brief section where the road is designated 'A27' and 'A24' before continuing from the 'Grove Lodge' roundabout where the road is named "Upper Brighton Road". After Worthing, the A27 passes Sompting on the Sompting Bypass before passing through Lancing where there are traffic lights and a roundabout which disrupt traffic flow, The road then crosses the River Adur near Shoreham -- the 'Shoreham flyover'. It then runs through the Southwick Hill Tunnel, crossing into East Sussex where it passes into a narrow cutting.
It then passes around Falmer with this section of road having three lanes in each direction but loses the third lane later. When Brighton and Hove Albion play at home this section can become congested due to its proximity to The American Express Community Stadium.
Here, the road becomes a single carriageway standard and, until 2008, crossed a level crossing until it was bypassed.
The road then. once again. turns into a single carriageway near Pevensey, where the road ends, and the South Coast Trunk Road transfers over to the A259; this coast road starts in Emsworth and shadows the route of the A27.
Landmarks on the route
- Spinnaker Tower
- Chichester Cathedral
- Arundel Castle
- The South Downs
- River Adur
- Lancing College
- University of Sussex (Falmer)
- Lewes Castle
- Mount Caburn
- Firle Beacon
- Long Man of Wilmington
- American Express Community Stadium
- In their 2013 spending review the British government said that they will fund a feasibility study that will include looking at problems on the A27 corridor.
- There is a recommendation to build a new road from Wilmington to Polegate.
- There is also a recommendation to make the road a dual carriageway between Beddingham and Polegate.
Single carriageway. The A27 at Crossbush, near Arundel, West Sussex
A27 Chichester By-pass, West Sussex
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to A27 road.|
- Society for All British Road Enthusiasts Route Description - A27
- TAB-MSAS: Roads Photos: A27
- BBC News article on new subway at Falmer
- BBC News article on speed trap at Falmer
- "South Coast Corridor Multi-Modal Study". UK Government. 2002. p. 40. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- "South Coast Corridor Multi-Modal Study". UK Government. 2002. p. 29. Retrieved 22 March 2012.
- "George Osborne commits to A27 works at Chichester". Chichester: Chichester Observer. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- "A27 Chichester Improvement". Highways Agency. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
- "Arundel Bypass review". Littlehampton Gazette. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
- "A27 BY-Pass project October 1988". Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- "A27 upgrade calls". Chichester Observer. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- "Arundel Bypass - Hansard". UK Government. 2000. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "Highway to Hell". Worthing: The Argus. 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "West Sussex Transport Plan 2011-2026". West Sussex County Council. p. 29. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "A27 Southerham to Beddingham". Highways Agency. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
- "South Coast Corridor Multi-Modal Study". UK Government. 2002. pp. 137–138. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- "Southampton to Margate via M25". Googlemaps. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- "Southampton to Margate via A27". Googlemaps. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
- "West Sussex Transport Plan 2011-2026". West Sussex County Council. p. 28. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- "West Sussex Transport Plan 2011-2026". p. V. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- "Private investment needed for A27 improvements". Worthing Herald. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
- "Road death of Q actor accidental". London, United Kingdom: Guardian News and Media Limited. 14 June 2000. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
- "A27 route". Googlemaps. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "Map of Original Plans for M27". Pathetic Motorways. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
- Google map of Chichester retrieved 3 March 2012
- "Those A27 traffic jams have to ease". The Argus. Retrieved 8 June 2011.
- The Archaeology of the A27 Brighton Bypass, Archaeology South East
- By-pass: First proposed in 1932, My Brighton and Hove, Tim Carder, 1990
- "A27 Southerham to Beddingham". Highways agency. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
- "Bexhill-Hastings road-protest". Guardian Newspapers. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "Investing in Britains Future". H M Treasury. 2013. p. 13.