A4 autostrada (Poland)

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Autostrada A4 shield}}

Autostrada A4
Route information
Part of E40
Length: 594 km (369 mi)
672 km (418 mi) planned
Major junctions
From: Bundesautobahn 4 number.svg A4 - border Germany-Poland at Görlitz-Zgorzelec
 

A18-PL.svg A18 near Krzyżowa
S3-PL.svg S3 near Legnica (planned)
A8-PL.svg A8 near Wrocław
A1-PL.svg A1 near Gliwice
S1-PL.svg S1 near Mysłowice
S7-PL.svg S7 near Kraków

S19-PL.svg S19 near Rzeszów
To: border Poland-Ukraine at Korczowa-Krakovets - M10-UA.svg M10
Location
Major cities: Wrocław, Gliwice, Katowice, Kraków, Rzeszów
Highway system
National roads in Poland
Voivodeship roads

The autostrada A4 in Poland is a motorway which runs from west to east through southern Poland (longways Sudetes and Carpathian Mountains), from the Polish-German border at Zgorzelec-Görlitz (connecting to the German A4 autobahn), bypassing Wrocław, Opole, Gliwice, Katowice, Kraków, Tarnów, and Rzeszów to the Polish-Ukrainian border at Korczowa-Krakovets. The motorway is a part of the European route E40. As of December 23, 2013 about 594 km (369 mi) of the motorway have been completed, out of the planned total length of 672 km (418 mi). To complete the highway, two sections near Tarnów and Rzeszów are currently under construction, one scheduled to be finished in 2014, and the second in 2016.[1] The A4 parallels national road 94 (which connects with German Bundesstraße 6).

History of construction and plans for the future[edit]

Large stretches of this motorway were initially built as a Reichsautobahn by Nazi Germany in the 1930s. After the war, when the new borders placed them in Poland, they received minimal maintenance and upgrades, becoming notorious for the bad quality of their road surfaces, a phenomenon similar to that observed in East Germany. Extensive reconstruction, especially of the section between Legnica and Wrocław, has removed all traces of the old concrete road surface, but some aspects of 1930s standards of construction remain; for example, the aforementioned stretch does not have an emergency lane, a feature that is to be added in the future.

The section between Kraków and Katowice was built from the 1980s to 1996 and the section from Wrocław to Katowice between 2000 and 2005. In August 2009 construction of the last western part of the motorway from the border with Germany to the junction with A18 motorway was completed. Also, in 2009 the first part of the motorway east of Kraków (ending on national road 75 junction, near Szarów) was finished.

The original plan was to finish the rest of the motorway by about 2013, but because of the UEFA decision to host the 2012 UEFA European Football Championship in Poland and Ukraine and the resulting need for better road infrastructure connecting the two countries, the date for opening the motorway to traffic was moved up to June 2012. This ambitious target was not attained due to multiple delays encountered during construction, some caused by the floods of 2010.[2] The various subsections currently under construction will open in stages between second half of 2012 and late 2014. Only the short section serving as the bypass of Rzeszów opened roughly on time in September 2012.

When finished in 2016, the A4 will be the first of the three major Polish motorways to be fully completed along its entire planned length.

Sections of the motorway[edit]

Motorway section Length Constructed Note
Jędrzychowice (border) - Zgorzelec 1.7 km (1.1 mi) 1994–1996 heavy-load trucks only in 1994, all cars since 1996
Zgorzelec - Krzyżowa 50 km (31 mi) 2007–2009 opened 2009
Krzyżowa - Bielany Wrocławskie 99 km (62 mi) 1933–1937 repavement started in 90's finished 2006 without emergency lane
Bielany Wrocławskie - Przylesie(Brzeg) 40.7 km (25.3 mi) 1997–2000 single carriageway motorway built in 1936-1938; tolls since 1 June 2012 (2012-06-01)
Przylesie(Brzeg) - Nogowczyce 84.5 km (52.5 mi) 2000–2003 some construction before 1945; tolls since 1 June 2012 (2012-06-01)
Nogowczyce - Kleszczów 17.9 km (11.1 mi) 2001–2003 single carriageway motorway built in 1936-1942, it continued from Kleszczów into Gliwice and today that section is National Road 88, while modern motorway bypasses Gliwice to the south; tolls since 1 June 2012 (2012-06-01)
Kleszczów - Katowice-Murckowska 43 km (27 mi) 1996–2005 parts opened 1996 - 2005; Kleszczów - Gliwice-Sośnica part tolled since 1 June 2012 (2012-06-01)
Katowice-Murckowska - Balice 60 km (37 mi) 1983–1996 opened in parts 1983-1996, private operator and tolls since 2000
Balice - Szarów 44 km (27 mi) 1988–2009 first sections signed as motorway in 2002
Szarów - Tarnów 57 km (35 mi) 2010–2013 opened to traffic in November, 2012, in part with single carriegeway only.[3] Both carriageways were fully opened in May, 2013.[4]
Tarnów Północ - Dębica Wschód [5] 34.8 km (21.6 mi) 2010–2014 Completed, but waiting for safety inspection.[6] To open Oct. 30, 2014.[7]
Dębica (interchange Dębica Wschód) - Rzeszów (Zachód)[8] 37 km (23 mi) 2010–2013 opened in October, 2013
Rzeszów (Zachód) - Rzeszów (Centralny) [9] 4.0 km (2.5 mi) 2010–2013 opened in October, 2013
Rzeszów (Centralny) - Rzeszów(Wschód) [10] 6.9 km (4.3 mi) 2010–2012 opened in September, 2012
Rzeszów(Wschód) - Jarosław[11] 41.2 km (25.6 mi) 2010–2016 originally planned to finish in 2012, delayed until 2014, then contractor abandoned the contract in January 2014 when 70% complete due to dispute with the government over financing. New contract was awarded in September,[12] with construction beginning in October 2014, with completion planned for 2016.[13]
Jarosław - Radymno 24.5 km (15.2 mi) 2010–2013 Jarosław Wschód - Radymno: opened in May, 2013; Jarosław Zachód - Jarosław Wschód: opened in December, 2013.
Radymno - Korczowa[14] 22.6 km (14.0 mi) 2010–2013 originally planned to finish in 2012,[15] opened December 23, 2013 [16]
Inscription made by Soviet soldiers in 1945: Водрузим над Берлином знамя победы (We shall hoist the flag of victory over Berlin); A4 west of Wrocław.
A4 west of Wrocław with repaved concrete surface
Gliwice-Sosnica A1 and A4 motorways and national road 44 junction near Gliwice - the largest motorway junction in Central-Eastern Europe, opened 2009-2010
A4 in Zabrze, opened 2005
A4 near Kraków (Zalas), opened 1980
A4 near Kraków, opened 2002-2003

Route description[edit]

Route
A 4 E 40
EU-Icon.svg (1) Border crossing PL-DE Jędrzychowice
AB-AS-blau.svg (2) Zgorzelec DK30-PL.svg DK94-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (3) Godzieszów DW296-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (4) Wykroty DK94-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (5) Bolesławiec DW297-PL.svg
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (6) Krzyżowa A18-PL.svgE 36
AB-AS-blau.svg (7) Krzywa DK94-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (8) Chojnów DW324-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (9) Złotoryja DW364-PL.svg
A-wezel.png (10) Nowa Wieś Legnicka DK3-PL.svg S3
AB-AS-blau.svg(11) Budziszów
AB-AS-blau.svg (12) Kostomłoty DK5-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (13) Kąty Wrocławskie
AB-AS-blau.svg (14) Pietrzykowice DK35-PL.svg
A-wezel.png (15) Wrocław-Południe A8-PL.svg S8-PL.svg E67
A-wezel.png (15) Bielany Wrocławskie DK5-PL.svg DK98-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (16) Krajków
AB-AS-blau.svg (17) Brzezimierz
AB-AS-blau.svg (18) Owczary DK39-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (19) Przylesie
AB-AS-blau.svg (20) Prądy DK46-PL.svg
A-wezel.png (21) Dąbrówka DK45-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (22) Krapkowice
AB-AS-blau.svg (23) Gogolin
AB-AS-blau.svg (24) Olszowa
A-wezel.png (25) Nogowczyce DK88-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (26) Łany DK40-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (27) Kleszczów DK88-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (28) Gliwice - Ostropa
AB-AS-blau.svg (29) Gliwice - Bojków DK78-PL.svg
A-wezel.png (30) Gliwice - Sośnica DK44-PL.svg A1-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (31) Ruda Śląska - Wspólna
AB-AS-blau.svg (32) Ruda Śląska - Wirek
AB-AS-blau.svg (33) Chorzów - Batorego
AB-AS-blau.svg (34) Katowice - Os. Witosa
AB-AS-blau.svg (35) Katowice - Bocheńskiego
A-wezel.png (36) Katowice - Mikołowska DK81-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (37) Katowice - Francuska
A-wezel.png (38) Katowice - Murckowska DK86-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (39) Mysłowice
A-wezel.png (40) Mysłowice - Brzęczkowice S1-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (41) Jaworzno - Jeleń
A-wezel.png (42) Chrzanów I DK79-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (43) Chrzanów II
A-wezel.png (44) Chrzanów III DK79-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (45) Rudno
A-wezel.png (46) Balice I S7-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (47) Balice II
AB-AS-blau.svg (48) Kraków - Mirowska
AB-AS-blau.svg (49) Kraków - Tyniec
AB-AS-blau.svg (50) Kraków - Sidzina DK44-PL.svg
A-wezel.png (51) Kraków - Opatkowice DK7-PL.svg S7
AB-AS-blau.svg (52) Kraków - Łagiewniki DW776-PL.svg
A-wezel.png (53) Kraków - Wielicka DK94-PL.svg
A-wezel.png (54) Kraków - Bieżanów S7
AB-AS-blau.svg (55) Szarów DK75-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (56) Bochnia
AB-AS-blau.svg (57) Brzesko
AB-AS-blau.svg (58) Tarnów Zachód
AB-AS-blau.svg (59) Tarnów Północ DK4-PL.svg DK73-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg () Dębica Zachód (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg (61) Dębica Wschód
AB-AS-blau.svg (62) Ropczyce - Sędziszów
AB-AS-blau.svg (63) Rzeszów Zachód S19-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (64) Rzeszów Północ DK9-PL.svg
A-wezel.png (65) Rzeszów Wschód DK4-PL.svg S19-PL.svg DK19-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg () Łańcut (planned) DW877-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg () Przeworsk (planned) DW835-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (68) Jarosław Zachód DK4-PL.svg DK94-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (69) Jarosław Wschód DW880-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (70) Przemyśl DK77-PL.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (71) Korczowa DK94-PL.svg
BAB-Grenze.svg () Border checkpoint PL-UA Korczowa
M10 E 40

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]