A74(M) and M74 motorways
|Part of E05|
|Length:||40 mi (60 km)|
|Existed:||1966 – present|
J1 → M8 motorway
J4 → M73 motorway
J13 → A74(M) motorway
|Glasgow, Hamilton, East Kilbride|
|Part of E05|
|Length:||45 mi (72 km)|
|Existed:||1991 – present|
(See M74 above.)
J13 → M74 motorway
J22 → M6 motorway
The A74(M) and M74 form a major motorway in Scotland. Following an extension opened on 28 June 2011, it connects the M8 motorway west of Glasgow to the English border at Gretna, creating a route from the south to the west of the city. In conjunction with the M6 motorway, it forms one of the two major cross-border routes between Scotland and England. It is part of the unsigned international E-road network E05. Although the entire route is usually referred to as the M74, more than half of its length is officially the A74(M); see naming confusion below.
- 1 Route
- 2 History
- 3 Naming confusion
- 4 Junction renumbering
- 5 Junctions
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
From its junction with the M8 just south of the Kingston Bridge, the newest section passes through the Glasgow districts of Govanhill, Polmadie, Oatlands and parts of the nearby towns of Rutherglen and Cambuslang on an elevated embankment, with junctions at Kingston, Polmadie Road, Cambuslang and Tollcross before connecting to the pre-existing M74. It then runs in a roughly south-easterly direction past the Clyde Valley towns of Bothwell, Hamilton and Motherwell before meeting the cross-country A71 at Larkhall. It passes west of Lanark and beyond Abington, where it changes into the A74(M) and then goes to Moffat and Lockerbie, before making an end-on connection with the M6.
From Junction 4 southwards it is part of the E05 Euroroute from Greenock to Algeciras. North from Junction 4, the E05 takes a short stretch of the M73 connecting to the M8 and then proceeds westwards through Glasgow to Greenock.
The original M74 – 1960s
The A74 was the original route from Glasgow to Gretna, where it met the A6 south to London.
Starting in the 1930s, the single-carriageway road between Gretna and Glasgow was progressively upgraded to dual carriageway, being completed in the early 1970s with the completion of the Gretna bypass.
At the northern end, it was not possible simply to add to the existing carriageway because of the built-up nature of the area. A bypass was built as one of Scotland's first motorways, the M74, from Draffan to Maryville, north of Uddingston, completed by 1969. Junctions were originally numbered from south to north, as there were plans to extend northwards. This did not happen for many decades.
The northern section around Hamilton was built as three-lane dual carriageway, narrowing to two-lane dual carriageway south of junction 6. It met the dual-carriageway A74 at Draffan and carried on to Carlisle.
First southward extension (1972–1987)
The southern sections, where there was no need to bypass the existing route, were not originally upgraded to motorway standard, but to dual carriageway without hard shoulders or full grade separation. The gradual construction of the M6 from Rugby (where it met the M1 to London) to Carlisle in 1970, where it terminated on the A74, meant that the route from Glasgow to London was entirely dual carriageway.
This led to calls for the already dualled A74 from Draffan to the M6 to be upgraded a second time, to motorway standard. As the government had already invested in the dual carriageway upgrade, they initially resisted these calls. In 1972 the Government agreed to extend the M74 from Draffan to today's J12 at Millbank. It was built in three sections, opening 1986–87. It was constructed to dual two-lane standard, and included a bypass of Lesmahagow, as the M74.
In 1984, in preparation for the southwards extension,the junction numbers were changed to go from north to south, Raith (junction 5) on the original south to north numbering remained as junction 5, with Maryville (the most northerly junction at that time) becoming junction 4, leaving lesser numbers available for junctions for the expected continuation of the motorway northwards.
When the first southern extension opened, Draffan, originally junction 1, ceased to exist and junction 9 (the first junction on the new extension) was and still is only a southbound exit onto the old A74 just south of Blackwood village, to serve the villiages of Blackwood, Kirkmuirhill, Lesmahagow and Coalburn.
1990s extension to Scottish Border (1992–1999), and confused identity
In 1987, the Conservative government committed to upgrading the remaining A74 from J12 to the M6 to motorway standard. When the first section opened, as far south as Abington (J12-J13) in 1991 it was numbered M74. Following this, the government announced that the route would be completed as the M6, as the two motorways would meet head on at Carlisle. The Scottish section of the A74 was then upgraded in sections, not all contiguous, as the A74(M), a temporary number until all the sections were complete, and the eight-mile English section had been constructed and connected to the M6. They were constructed with dual three-lane carriageways. In 1995 the first northern extension was opened to Fullerton Road in Glasgow, as M74. The A74 upgrades were complete by 1999. This left an anomaly – the M74 began at Glasgow, then at J13 changed to A74(M) for the 40 miles to the border. Meanwhile, the English eight-mile section of A74 was not upgraded due to lack of funds, leaving the "Cumberland Gap" of dual carriageway between the three-lane motorways. Until around 1996, the change of designation to M6 once the Cumberland Gap had been closed was definite. When the Scottish Executive was established in 1999, taking over responsibility for roads in Scotland, Sarah Boyack said that "We have no current plans to rename or redesignate the M74 or A74(M) motorways between Glasgow and the border as the M6". The current Scottish Government have not commented further on the matter.
M6 Carlisle – Guards Mill (2004–2008)
Plans to upgrade the English section of A74 (Cumberland Gap) from the Scottish border at Gretna to Carlisle  were announced in 2004. Costing £174m, this was constructed as M6 as originally planned in the 1990s, and was opened on 5 December 2008. This means that there is now a complete motorway from Rugby to Glasgow, with three numbers (M6, A74(M) and M74).
M74 northern extension to M8 (2008–2011)
Construction on the six-lane M74 Northern Extension (M74 Completion) northwards by 5 miles (8.0 km) through the south-eastern part of Glasgow to meet the M8 started in 2008, with opening on 28 June 2011. The extension involved the demolition of the Rosebery Park football ground.
The city centre section is supposed to perform a similar role to the never-built southern flank of the Glasgow Inner Ring Road planned in the 1960s, and first set out as a scheme in the Bruce Report of the 1940s, but only half-completed. The scheme was at the centre of a road protest from local campaigners and environmentalists; their appeal against the road orders collapsed in June 2006. Alex Salmond officially launched construction on 28 May 2008.
East End Regeneration Route
Construction of the East End Regeneration Route which will connect the M74 Northern Extensions with the M8 motorway at the Provan Gas Works interchange with the M80 motorway. The Phase 1 and Phase 2 from M74 to Parkhead began in 2008 and completed in 2012, but Phase 3 from Parkhead to M80 will not be started until after 2014. It will make use of existing stretches of road and filler sections on currently derelict land.
Star of Caledonia
The motorway is usually referred to as the M74, but south of Abington it is the A74(M), as noted on each sign save for one erroneous "M74" sign at Gretna Green services. As the motorway is one continuous route and has a continuous junction numbering system, its entirety is usually erroneously referred to as M74. Typically, upgraded A-road designations like A74(M) are retained for short bypasses of existing road, whereas the M74/A74(M) is one continuous intercity route.
When the A74(M) was constructed in the 1990s, many of the signs were given patches with the A74(M) number: these patches can be peeled away to reveal "M6" underneath. One such sign, at the VOSA checkpoint just past the Crawford/Thornhill on-slip, states that it is the "M6 South", instead of the "A74 (M) South".
Following the building of the original section, the motorway was numbered south-to-north, with Draffan being junction 1 and Maryville junction 6. When the M74 was extended south of Draffan in the late 1980s, it was renumbered north-to-south. Raith remained as J5, while Maryville became J4, allowing for later extension towards Glasgow. The original junction 1 at Draffan was closed, with a new junction 9 (Kirkmuirhill) replacing it, using the southbound carriageway of the old A74 as a slip road. The remains of the semicircular access road to the southbound carriageway EW still visible at Draffan Road, with the Blackwood slip road now used as an access road to new housing. In preparation for the extension to meet the M8 south of the Kingston Bridge, junctions 1–3 were renumbered 2A, 3, and 3A to accommodate the new junctions.
|Northbound exits||Junction||Southbound exits|
|Glasgow Airport M8
|Start of motorway|
|Rutherglen, Cambuslang A724||J2||Rutherglen, Cambuslang A724|
|Tollcross, Rutherglen A74||J2A||Tollcross
|Shettleston, Cambuslang A763||J3||No access|
|No access||J3A||Tannochside, Uddingston A721|
|Stirling, Kincardine Bridge M73
Uddingston, Mount Vernon A721
|J4||Stirling, Kincardine Bridge, Edinburgh M73|
|No access||Services||Bothwell services
|Bellshill, Coatbridge, East Kilbride A725||J5||Bellshill, Coatbridge, East Kilbride A725
|Hamilton, Motherwell, Wishaw A723||J6||Motherwell, Wishaw, Hamilton A723|
|No access||J7||Lanark, Larkhall A72|
|Kilmarnock, Edinburgh A71
|J8||Kilmarnock, Edinburgh A71|
|No access||J9||Kirkmuirhill, Blackwood, Lesmahagow, Coalburn B7078|
|Lesmahagow, Kirkmuirhill, Blackwood B7078||J10||No access|
|No access||J11/Services||Edinburgh, Ayr B7078 (A70)
Happendon (Cairn Lodge) Services
|Edinburgh, Ayr A70
Happendon (Cairn Lodge) Services
|Road continues as M74||J13/Services||Edinburgh A702
|Northbound exits||Junction||Southbound exits|
|J13||Road continues as A74(M)|
|Crawford A702||J14||Crawford A702
|Moffat, Dumfries A701, Selkirk (A708)||J15||Dumfries, Moffat A701, Selkirk (A708)|
Annandale Water Services
Annandale Water Services
|Lockerbie B7068||J17||Lockerbie B7068
|Ecclefechan B7076||J19||Ecclefechan B7076|
|Eaglesfield, Annan B722||J20||Eaglesfield, Annan, Kirtlebridge B722|
|Kirtlebridge, Kirkpatrick Fleming B7076
Kirtlebridge, Kirkpatrick Fleming B7076
|Gretna Green Services||Services||Gretna Green Services|
|Dumfries, Stranraer, Gretna A75||J22||Longtown (A6071)
Gretna, Gretna Green B7076
|Entry into Scotland||Border||Entry into England|
|Start of A74(M) motorway||M6 J45||continues as the M6 to Carlisle, Penrith and The South|
- "Scottish Parliament Written Answers". Scottish Parliament. 13 July 1999. Retrieved 1 December 2007.
- "M6 Carlisle to Guards Mill Extension". Highways Agency. Retrieved 20 January 2008.
- "M6 North Extension, United Kingdom". Road Traffic Technology. Archived from the original on 4 February 2008. Retrieved 20 January 2008.
- "M74 will benefit Scottish Economy". Transport Scotland. 28 June 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- Oatlands Regeneration Masterplan
- Marshall, Chris (21 October 2008). "M74 Glasgow - Carmyle". Archived from the original on 18 December 2008. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
- "M74 Completion — The Project". Transport Scotland. Archived from the original on 18 December 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2009.
- "East End Regeneration Route". Glasgow City Council. Archived from the original on 10 October 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2008.
- "M74 extension: Will the gap ever be filled?". The Herald. 10 December 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2008.
- "Star of Caledonia: Scotland-England landmark plan approved". BBC News. 27 February 2013. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
- CONSTRUCTION OF M74 MOTORWAY (1966) (archive film from the National Library of Scotland: SCOTTISH SCREEN ARCHIVE)
Official sites on the upgrades
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to M74 motorway.|
- JAM74: Joint Action against the M74
- Friends of the Earth: Stop Motorway Madness
- The Motorway Archive – M74/A74(M)
- M74-M8 Interchange – Clyde Waterfront regeneration