A75 autoroute

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"La Méridienne" redirects here. For the Swiss-French film, see Lounge Chair (film).
France Autoroutes CS A75.svg
Northbound on the A75 after junction 59 near Pézenas.
Translation: You are entering onto the A75 / La Meridienne / Have a good drive

The A75 is an autoroute (motorway) in France.

Known also as la Méridienne, it is a developmental project with the aim of speeding up and reducing the cost of car travel from Paris southwards, and apart from the Millau Viaduct, it is entirely free for the 340 km (210 mi) between Clermont-Ferrand and Béziers. It was due for completion in spring 2011,[1] but in fact was fully open in December 2010.

South of St. Flour there are excellent views of the Garabit viaduct.

A large portion of the A75 is also part of the European route E11.

Engineering achievements[edit]

The building of a motorway across the Massif Central is, in itself, a formidable achievement. Much of the motorway runs at an altitude in excess of 800 m (2600 ft) with 50 km in excess of 1000 m (3250 ft).[2]

The single most impressive feature is undoubtedly the Millau Viaduct, which carries the road over the Tarn River. It was constructed under a government contract with the Eiffage group, effective for 75 years. Eiffage collects tolls at agreed rates making this the only tolled part of the A75.

Other impressive features include:

Viaducts and bridges

  • Viaduc de la Violette, 560 m long, between junctions 21 & 22
  • Pont sur la Truyere, 311 m long, between junctions 30 and 31
  • Viaduc du Piou, 414 m long, between junctions 38 and 39
  • Viaduc du Ricoulong, 342 m long, between junctions 38 and 39
  • Viaduc de la Planchette, 221 m long, between junctions 38 and 39
  • Viaduc de la Verrières, 710 m long, between junctions 44 and 44.1
  • Viaduc de la Garrigue, 340 m long, between junctions 44.1 and 42
  • Viaduc de Millau, 2500 m long, between junctions 45 and 46
A75autoroute.JPG

Passes

  • 990 m between junctions 24 and 25
  • Col de la Fageole, 1107 m, between junctions 26 and 27
  • Col des Issartets, 1121 m, the highest point on the A75, between junctions 36 and 37
  • Col de la Fayette, 882 m, between junctions 40 and 41
  • Col d'Engayresque, 888 m, between junctions 44 and 44.1

Tunnels

  • Tunnel de Montjezieu, 616 m long at an altitude of 650 m, between junctions 39.1 and 40
  • Tunnel de Pas d'Escalette, 725 m southbound, 830 m northbound, between junctions 50 and 51
  • Tunnel de la Vierge, 474 m, between junctions 52 and 53

The route[edit]

A75 roadsign.jpg

A75 Autoroute junctions, listed north to south
km Junc. No. Northbound exits Southbound exits Notes
0 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg  A71 becomes A75 at Clermont-Ferrand
1.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 1  La Pardieu, Billom, Cournon Billom No northbound entry
4 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 2  Bordeaux, La Bourboule, Le Mont Dore, Aubière La Bourboule, Le Mont Dore, Aubière
5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 3  Pérignat-lès-Sarliève, Z.I. Cournon, La Roche Blanche, Orcet, Le Cendre Cournon
6.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 4  Orcet, Le Cendre, Vic-le-Comte, La Roche-Blanche Le Cendre, Pérignat-lès-Sarliève, La Roche-Blanche
10 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 5  Veyre-Monton, St-Amant-Tallende Orcet, St-Amant-Tallende, Aydat
15 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 6  Veyre-Monton, Murol, Chambon sur Lac, Champeix, St Nectaire Veyre-Monton
18.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 7  Montpeyroux, Coudes Montpeyroux
21 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 8  - Coudes, Vic-le-Comte Southbound entry and northbound exit only
23 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 9  Sauvagnat, St-Yvoine Sauvagnat, St-Yvoine
26.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 10  La Ribeyre La Ribeyre
28.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 11  Issoire centre - Southbound exit and northbound entry only
31 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 12  Issoire-les-Prés, Orbeil Issoire-les-Prés, Orbeil
31.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 13  Issoire couze, Parentignat, Sauxillanges, Ambert, St Germain Issoire couze, Parentignat, Sauxillanges, Ambert
34 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 14  Issoire aérodrome Issoire centre, Champieux, St Nectaire, Besse No northbound entry
39 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 15  Le Broc, St Germain, Ardres, Le Breuil - No northbound exit
38 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 16  - Le Broc No southbound exit
41 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 17  St-Germain-Lembro, Jumeaux St-Germain-Lembron, Le Breuil
45.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 18  Charbonnier, Brassac, Ste Florine Brassac, Charbonnier
50 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 19  Lempdes - Southbound exit and northbound entry only
51 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 20  Lempdes, Vergongheon, Brioude, Le Puy en Velay Lempdes, Vergongheon, Ste Florine, Le Puy en Velay
56 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 21  Lorlanges Lorlanges, Ardres s. Couze Aire de Lafayette via this junction
61 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 22  Espalem, Blesle, Brioude Le Puy en Velay, Espalem, Blesle, Brioude
66 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 23  Massiac, Aurillac, Murat, Le Lioran - Southbound exit and northbound entry only
68.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 24  - Massiac Southbound entry and northbound exit only
81 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 25  St-Poncy St-Poncy
85 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 26  Vieillespesse Vieillespesse
87.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 27  Coren, Montchamp Montchamp
92.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 28  St-Flour, Chaudes-Aigues, Espalion St-Flour bel-air, Coren
96.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 29  St-Flour belle vue, St Georges Aurillac, St Flour centre, Murat, Le Lioran
100.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 30  Ruynes-en-Margeride Ruynes-en-Margeride
108.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 31  Loubaresse Loubaresse, Viaduc de Gabarit
117 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 32  La Garde, Le Bacon La Garde, Le Bacon Access to La Lozere services and Geoscope
122.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 33  St-Chély-d'Apcher, Le Malzieu-Ville, Fournels - Southbound exit and northbound entry only
128.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 34  St-Chély-d'Apcher, Rimeize, St-Alban-sur-Limagnole St-Chély-d'Apcher, St-Alban-sur-Limagnole, Le Malzieu-Ville, Fournels
134 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 35  Aumont-Aubrac, Nabrinals - Southbound exit and northbound entry only
138.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 36  - Aumont-Aubrac Southbound entry and northbound exit only
146.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 37  Le Buisson Le Buisson
153 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 38  Antrenes, Marvejols Antrenes, Marvejols, Nasbinals
162 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 39  Le Monastier, Chirac, Chanac, Florac Mende, Le Monastier, Chirac, Chanac, Florac
163 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 39.1 
168.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 39.2  St-Germain-du-Teil - Southbound exit only
172 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 40  La Canourge, Banassac, St-Germain-du-Teil La Canourge, Banassac, St-Germain-du-Teil
182.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 41  Campagnac, St-Geniez-d'Olt Campagnac, St-Geniez-d'Olt
190 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 42  Rodez, Sévérac-le-Château, le Massegros, Laissac Rodez, Sévérac-le-Château, Laissac A68 junction. Access to Aveyron services
193 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 43  - Le Massegros Southbound entry and northbound exit only
200.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 44  Engayresque Engayresque
210 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 44.1  Aguessac, Micropolis, Vezins de Levezon, Pont de Salars, Meyrenes Cahors, Aguessac, Pont de Salars, Meyrenes
215 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 45  St-Germain, St Beauzély, Castelnau de Petgarolles Millau, St Beauzély, Castelnau de Petgarolles TOLL SECTION SOUTH TO JUNCTION 46
Péage.png  Toll barrier
223 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 46  La Bastide-Pradines, St-Rome-de-Cernon, Roquefort, St Affrique - TOLL SECTION NORTH TO JUNCTION 45
234.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 47  Millau sud, la Cavalerie, Sainte-Eulalie-de-Cernon Millau, la Cavalerie, Roquefort, St Affrique
244 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 48  L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac, La Couvertoirade, Cornus, Alzon, La Vigan L'Hospitalet-du-Larzac, Cornus, Alzon
257.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 49  Le Caylar, Lunas, Bedarieux, Cirque de Navacelles Le Caylar, La Couvertoirade Access to Le Caylar services
260 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 50  - St-Félix-de-l'Héras Southbound entry and northbound exit only
267 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 51  Pégairolles-de-l'Escalette Pégairolles-de-l'Escalette
271.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 52  Lodève nord, Soubès Le Vignan, Ganges, Lodève nord, Soubès
275.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 53  - Lodève sud, Lunas Southbound entry and northbound exit only
280 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 54  Le Bosc Le Bosc No southbound entry
283 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 55  - Le Bosc, Lac du Salagou Southbound entry and northbound exit only
285-289.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 56  Salelles Salelles, L'Oasis No Southbound entry
289.5 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg  Montpellier Montpellier, Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert, Gignac, St André-de-Sangonis Junction with A750
294.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 57  Clermont-l'Hérault, Nébian, Canet, Bedarieux Clermont-l'Hérault, Bedarieux, Canet, Lac du Salagou
305.5 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 58  Paulhan, Adissan, Lézignan-la-Cèbe Paulhan, Adissan
310 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 59  Pézenas nord, Sète, Montagnac, Mèze, Marseillan Sète, Montagnac, Mèze, Marseillan
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 59.1   Pézenas sud, Castelnau-de-Guers Pézenas sud, Castelnau-de-Guers
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 60  Agde, Cap d'Agde - Southbound exit and northbound entry only
Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 61  Pézenas ouest Roujan, Pézenas ouest
324 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 62  Servian, Montblanc Florensac, Servian, Valros, Montblanc
331 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 63  Narbonne, Béziers Centre - Southbound exit and northbound entry only
332 Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 64  Valras-Plage, Serignan, Béziers Cap d'Agde Airport, Béziers Béziers Centre
333 Péage.png  Toll barrier
334 Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg  Junction with A9
The section between junctions 59 and 61 (the Pézenas by-pass) was not technically motorway and was still designated as the N9, despite the depiction on most maps. Work to upgrade the section to full motorway status was carried out between September 2013 and June 2014.

In May 2007, construction started on the final section of the A75, a connection from Pézenas to the A9 autoroute a kilometre or so east of the previous Béziers east intersection 35. The route to the south of the present D609 Pézenas-Béziers road bypassing Valros opened in February 2009. Further sections opened in spring 2010. The final section, a gap between Valros and Servian, was completed in December 2010. According to Serge Cuculière, construction operations manager, the delay was due to difficulties encountered on the section ("Les difficultés recontrées sur la section exigent un temps de réalisation plus important").[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "A75: Le point sur les travaux entre Pézenas et Béziers", Midi Libre, 16 June 2008, p3
  2. ^ "Association La Méridienne: On n'a pas tous les jours..". Decouverte & Patrimoine (Projective Groupe) (9): 28. 2006. 

External links[edit]