AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (September 2008)|
The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety is a non-profit, charitable organization based in Washington, DC that is dedicated to saving lives through traffic safety research and education. Since its founding in 1947, the AAA Foundation has sponsored over 200 projects related to highway safety, covering topics such as distracted, impaired, and drowsy driving; road rage; graduated driver licensing; driver's education and training; and pedestrian safety. The AAA Foundation research agenda is centered on four priority areas, known as the Centers of Excellence: Teen Driver Safety; Senior Safety and Mobility; Roadway Safety (the U.S. Road Assessment Program); and Safety Culture. Research in each of these areas is intended to identify the causes and consequences of motor vehicle crashes, evaluate possible countermeasures and solutions, and offer recommendations for achieving the overarching goal of preventing injuries and fatalities on the nation's highways.
Research findings are communicated to policymakers, safety partners, and the media, and are used to develop public educational materials, such as brochures, handbooks, videos, and computer games/software. These products are designed to help drivers understand the potential hazards they will face on the road - such as work zones, railroad crossings, and inclement weather - and hone the skills needed to manage these risks and arrive at their destinations safely.
The AAA Foundation is also recognized as a leader in promoting the idea of Traffic Safety Culture; that is, a social climate in which traffic safety is highly valued and rigorously pursued. Since 2008, the AAA Foundation has published its annual Traffic Safety Culture Index in an effort to benchmark and track key indicators of the public's beliefs and attitudes toward highway safety. Information is collected through a nationally representative telephone survey that measures both attitudes and behaviors regarding, among other things, drinking and driving, cell phone use/texting behind the wheel, speeding, and seatbelt use. Additionally, the AAA Foundation partners with the Western Transportation Institute at Montana State University and other highway safety leaders to convene the annual National Summit for Rural Traffic Safety Culture. The Summit serves as a national gathering of transportation experts dedicated to improving safety on rural roadways, where fatality rates can be 2-3 times higher than they are on urban roads.
AAA Foundation projects have also been used to help strengthen laws, build public awareness of safety concerns and trends, and advise transportation agencies and highway departments on roadway improvement needs. For example, a 2006 report, Safety Impacts of Pavement Edge Drop-offs documented and analyzed the effects such drop-offs have on roadway departure crashes. The study was cited by the Federal Highway Administration's Office of Safety in its promotion of a cost-effective technology known as the Safety Edge, one of nine countermeasures FHWA considers proven to reduce motor vehicle crashes and improve safety. Other recent research includes a 2010 report, Parents, Teens and the Learner Stage of Graduated Driver Licensing, which found that despite the safety benefits seen as a result of implementing GDL laws, teen drivers may still not be getting sufficient supervised driving practice, and may not be getting enough experience driving under the range of conditions motorists face, such as during periods of inclement weather. The study received considerable news coverage, as did another 2010 report, Asleep at the Wheel: The Prevalence and Impact of Drowsy Driving, which found that drowsiness may be a bigger factor in crashes than previously believed. The study estimates that 16.5 percent of fatal crashes involve a drowsy driver.
- Traffic Safety Center Newsletter, UC Berkeley, Fall-Winter 2008, Vol. 5 No. 1
- 2010 Traffic Safety Culture Index, AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, October 2010
- NHTSA Traffic Safety Facts Report, Rural/Urban Comparison, 2007 Data, DOT HS 810 996
- FHWA Guidance Memo on Proven Crash Countermeasures, July 2008
- USA Today October 19, 2010
- Today Show October 12, 2010
- ABC News November 8, 2010
- CBS New York November 8, 2010
- CNN.com November 8, 2010