AAU CubeSat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Computer simulated image of AAU CubeSat in orbit around Earth

AAU CubeSat was a CubeSat built and operated by students from Aalborg University in Denmark. AAU CubeSat was launched on 30 June 2003 from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome on a Russian "Rockot" rocket.[1]

The satellite was alive for two and a half months, during which some data was received on Earth; however, it was never possible to establish a solid communication link. It is thought that there was a problem with the on-board transmitter.

Mechanics[edit]

The aluminum frame was milled from a solid block to ensure that a strong and lightweight frame was created. There are four rails to allow the satellite to slide in and out of the frame. The four rails are connected by other aluminum pieces. The subsystem circuit boards are screwed onto these pieces. Carbon-fiber plates are then glued onto the outside of the frame to support the solar panels and attitude control coils. The solar panels and attitude control coils are glued to the plates. [2]

Payload[edit]

AAU CubeSat's payload is a CMOS digital camera. It has a resolution of 1.3 megapixels and has a color depth of 24 bit. From the satellite's 900 km altitude, the camera will capture pictures with a resolution of 120x110 m per pixel. The camera-chip was provided by a company called Devitech which is in Aalborg. The Copenhagen Optical Group and the mechanical group developed the lens system. The structure for the lens system is made out of titanium. [2]

Communications[edit]

The communications systems on the satellite are composed of a modem and a radio. The radio is a SX450 type radio from Wood and Douglas. It broadcasts at 500 mW. The modem is a MX909 chip. It runs at 9600 baud and has many features such as:

Attitude Determination and Control System[edit]

The ADCS aims the camera in the right direction, (away from the sun) and positions all three sides with solar panels to be facing the sun for maximum power output. The satellite is positioned by three coils of wire that generate a magnetic field that interacts with Earth's magnetic field. These interactions change the attitude and orientation of the satellite. The sensor array that determines attitude is made up of a magnetometer and a sun sensor. The magnetometer was provided by Honeywell and determines the direction of Earth's magnetic field. The sun sensors are planar photo diodes that detect the intensity of incoming sunlight. [2]

Specifications[edit]

  • Size: 10 x 10 x 10 cm.
  • Mass: 1 kg
  • Power: Batteries, solar panels [3]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lars Alminde, Morten Bisgaard, Dennis Vinther, Tor Viscor, Kasper Ostergard (2003), Educational Value and Lessons Learned from the AAU-Cubesat Project, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, ISBN 0-7803-8142-4 
  2. ^ a b c d AAU CubeSat Homepage, Look in the "Mechanics" section.
  3. ^ Gunter's Space Page: AAU CubeSat, Provides specifications..