ABC in 2008
|Genres||New Romanticism, new wave, synthpop, sophisti-pop, pop rock|
|Labels||EMI, PolyGram, Neutron|
|Past members||See: Members|
ABC has its roots in the band Vice Versa. Vice Versa was formed in 1977 in Sheffield by Stephen Singleton, Mark White and David Sydenham. They founded their own label, Neutron Records, releasing the EP Music 4. They had similarities to The Human League, whom they supported in 1978. Martin Fry, who wrote the fanzine Modern Drugs, interviewed the band; shortly afterwards, they asked him to join as synthesizer player. Fry accepted. Within a short time, the band evolved into ABC, with Fry taking over on lead vocals.
Chart success: 1981–1991 
The group's first single, "Tears Are Not Enough", made the UK Top 20 in 1981. Soon afterwards, David Robinson left the band and was replaced by drummer David Palmer. In 1982, the band released their debut album The Lexicon of Love, which reached number one in the UK Albums Chart. Produced by Trevor Horn, it often featured in UK critics' lists of favourite albums: it ranked 42nd in The Observer Music Monthly's "Top 100 British Albums" (June 2004) and 40th in Q magazine's "100 Greatest British Albums" (June 2000). The band had three Top 10 hits during 1982: the singles "Poison Arrow", "The Look of Love" and "All of My Heart". Several high-concept music videos were made.
ABC found it difficult to follow up on the success of their debut. The second album, Beauty Stab, was released in November 1983. It performed poorly in comparison to its predecessor. Gary Langan, who had engineered The Lexicon of Love, was its producer. The first single from the album, "That Was Then But This Is Now", briefly appeared in the UK Top 20, followed by a Top 40 showing for "S.O.S.". The band eschewed remixes for the project and so the 12" single for "That Was Then But This Is Now" featured the disclaimer "This record is exactly the same as the 7" version. The choice is yours."
Stephen Singleton retired from the band in 1984. Fry and White then enlisted Fiona Russell-Powell (known as Eden) and David Yarritu. This lineup recorded the 1985 album How To Be A...Zillionaire!,which had a cartoon-type theme. ABC's chart fortunes in the UK dwindled further with this album, but the group did score its first US Top 10 hit with "Be Near Me", which also made the UK Top 30. The album also featured the singles "(How to Be a) Millionaire", "Vanity Kills" and "Ocean Blue". Keith LeBlanc from Tackhead programmed much of the beatbox work for the album. ABC was one of the first bands to do video scratching for several videos from the How to Be a... Zillionaire album, including the video for "Be Near Me".
After a hiatus, during which Fry was treated for Hodgkin's disease, he and White reconvened as a duo, recording the album Alphabet City in 1987. Best known for "When Smokey Sings", a tribute to Smokey Robinson, the album also spawned "The Night You Murdered Love" and "King Without a Crown" as singles. All three tracks would make the CD version of the group's first anthology.
In 1989, the duo issued Up, their fifth and final PolyGram studio album. This time experimenting with house music, ABC scored a minor UK hit with the single "One Better World". They released a second single from the album, "The Real Thing". During this period, the group worked on a couple of outside productions aimed at the house music scene. One was Paul Rutherford's (Frankie Goes to Hollywood) solo album and first single release; the other was for Lizzie Tear on the group's own Neutron label.
In 1990, the band released a greatest hits compilation album, Absolutely. This covered all of ABC's albums up until 1990 and featured all of their singles. The compilation made the UK Top 10. A video package featuring promos was also released. One new song, "The Look of Love '90", was released to promote the package.
The group moved to the EMI label (and MCA in North America), where they recorded the 1991 LP Abracadabra. "Love Conquers All", the first single, barely placed in the UK chart, though the Italian production team Black Box provided remixes of "Say It" which appeared in the US dance charts.
Martin Fry also collaborated with M People in 1991 on their first album, Northern Soul, recording the vocals for the song 'Life'. However, when the Northern Soul album was re-released in 1992, and again in 1995, this track was omitted.
Fry resurrected the band's name in 1997 for the album Skyscraping, an homage to several of his musical heroes, including David Bowie, Roxy Music, and The Sex Pistols. A collaboration with Glenn Gregory of Heaven 17 and Keith Lowndes, the album again was met with critical approval rather than broad commercial success. However, three singles were released, "Rolling Sevens", "Skyscraping", and "Stranger Things", complete with extra B-sides.
In 1999, ABC released their first live album, The Lexicon of Live. The album covered most of their major hits. Although Fry was the only member left, he had a backing band and adorned the album cover in his trademark gold lamé suit.
Look of Love – The Very Best of ABC was released in 2001. Although essentially a reissue of greatest hits package Absolutely (from 1990), the album featured two new songs by Fry, "Peace and Tranquility" and "Blame". A companion DVD, along with a bonus disc of remixes, was also released.
In 2004, the VH1 show Bands Reunited attempted to get the line-up of Fry, Palmer, Singleton and White together for a reunion concert. Fry and Palmer appeared and played together (with help from Nick Beggs of Kajagoogoo) for the first time in over twenty years. Singleton and White opted not to participate.
Following a tour of the United States in May and June 2006, Fry and Palmer, together with session keyboardist Chuck Kentis, put together a new ABC album, Traffic. It was released on 28 April 2008. Gary Langan, who worked on The Lexicon of Love and Beauty Stab, mixed and produced the album. The first single, "The Very First Time", debuted on BBC Radio 2 in January, was added to the station's "A" playlist for the week beginning 29 March and was released as a music download track on 1 April. ABC performed two songs from Traffic during the 2008 Regeneration Tour of the US: "Ride" and "The Very First Time".
On 1 September 2007, ABC performed a set with other 1980s acts at Retrofest at Culzean Castle in Ayrshire, Scotland. This appearance included a rendition of "Addicted to Love", with Tony Hadley of Spandau Ballet and Peter Cox of Go West.
In April 2009, ABC performed the Lexicon Of Love album live at the Royal Albert Hall, accompanied by the BBC Concert Orchestra. Anne Dudley of Art of Noise, who arranged and played keyboards on the original record, conducted the performance. A music review in the 13 April 2009 edition of The Independent newspaper, described the performance as a "glorious night that has placed one of the Eighties' most perfectly constructed albums back near the top of the pop pantheon".
October 2011 saw ABC performing dates in Melbourne, Australia, their first time there for many years.
On July 19, 2012 Martin Fry was made an honorary Doctor of Music at the University of Sheffield for his contribution of more than thirty years to music. The following day his daughter Nancy received her degree from the Department of Sociological Studies from the same University.
During a post-concert interview in July 2012, Martin Fry confirmed to an interviewer that he was ready to make a new album.
- The Lexicon of Love (1982)
- Beauty Stab (1983)
- How to Be a...Zillionaire! (1985)
- Alphabet City (1987)
- Up (1989)
- Abracadabra (1991)
- Skyscraping (1997)
- Traffic (2008)
Pop culture influence 
- In 2009, the song "The Look of Love" was performed by the cast in a song and dance number on the US CW TV serial drama series Valentine, as part of the plot in which the goddess Aphrodite makes a love match at a karaoke bar.
- The track "So Hip It Hurts" from How To Be A Zillionaire featured in the 1986 film Tough Guys.
- ABC had three number one hits on the US Dance Charts: "The Look of Love" (18 December 1982), "Be Near Me" (28 September – 5 October 1985) and "When Smokey Sings" / "Chicago" (29 August – 5 September 1987).
- Fiona Russell Powell, who joined the group for ABC's 1985 album How To Be A Zillionaire, was part of the original line-up of the pre ABC band, Vice Versa. According to an article that was published on 7 March 1997, she 'chickened out' of Vice Versa's first live gig, and the job as frontman went to Fry.
- ABC was profiled in a 2004 documentary about bands hailing from Sheffield in the late 1970s-to-early 1980s. Original ABC saxophonist, Stephen Singleton, was interviewed for Made In Sheffield, along with members of The Human League and Heaven 17.
See also 
- List of number-one dance hits (United States)
- List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. dance chart
- Vice Versa at sheffieldvision.com
- Reynolds, Simon (2005) Rip it up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978-1984, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-21570-X
- George-Warren, Holly and Patricia Romanowski, ed. (2005). "ABC". The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll. New York, New York: Fireside. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-7432-9201-6.
- Strong, Martin C. (2000). The Great Rock Discography (5th ed.). Edinburgh: Mojo Books. pp. 2–3. ISBN 1-84195-017-3.
- "Regeneration Tour 2009". Regenerationtour.com. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
- "Pop groups should not make comebacks, says Fiona Russell Powell", The Times, 7 March 1997
- Official website of ABC and Martin Fry
- Fansite Lexicon of ABC Martin Fry with News, Discography, History, Photos, Forum
- Official MySpace of ABC and Martin Fry
- ABC (band) discography at Discogs
- Mantrap at the Internet Movie Database
- Photos from the 23 and 24 June 2009 Regeneration Tour