Front page, 2009-06-02
|Founder(s)||Torcuato Luca de Tena y Alvarez-Ossorio|
|Publisher||Catalina Luca de Tena|
|Founded||1 January 1903|
|Political alignment||Conservativism, Monarchism, Right wing|
|Headquarters||Juan Ignacio de Tena 7, Madrid 28027, Spain|
|Circulation||243,154 daily in 2011|
ABC is a Spanish national daily newspaper published in Spain. It is the third largest general-interest newspaper in Spain, and the oldest newspaper still operating in Madrid. ABC is often referred to as a newspaper of record from Spain, along with El País and El Mundo.
History and profile
On 20 July 1936, shortly after the Spanish Civil War began, ABC in Madrid was seized by the republican government, which changed the paper's politics to support the Republicans. A separate ABC printed in Seville supported the Nationalists. In 1939 ABC in Madrid was given back to its original owners, by Francisco Franco, and once again became the largest newspaper in Spain, serving and supporting Franco's dictatorship.
It later moved from its historic landmark offices in Madrid by Paseo de la Castellana, which are now a shopping mall.
On 25 September 2009, ABC made its complete archives, dating back to 1903, available online, giving modern readers a chance to see contemporaneous news about the Spanish Civil War or Francisco Franco's death.
ABC publishes in compact-sized stapled sheets, noticeably smaller than the loose tabloid format favoured by most Spanish dailies, including El País and El Mundo. Its cover distinctively features a full-size picture.
Its director since 1983, Luis María Ansón, left in 1998 to found another daily, La Razón, which initially catered to even more conservative readers. ABC is known for generally supporting conservative political views and defending the Spanish monarchy. The paper has also a right-wing stance.
Historically, it was noted in its heavy use of photography, and the front page is typically a large photo taking up to one third of the area. Recently, it has been recognized for its coverage of Spanish culture and arts.
The 2008 circulation of the paper was 228,258 copies.
- "ABC". Encyclopedia Britannica. I: A-Ak - Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 2010. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
- Figures covering July 2010 to June 2011 from Spain's Oficina de Justificación de la Difusión, Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- Dan Beeton (22 July 2013). "Spanish Newspaper ABC Runs a “Completely False” Report on Venezuela, Again". CEPR. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- Alan Albarran (10 September 2009). Handbook of Spanish Language Media. Routledge. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-135-85430-0. Retrieved 29 October 2014.