ABC (newspaper)

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Diario ABC logo.svg
20090602 abc frontpage.jpg
Front page, 2009-06-02
Type Daily newspaper
Format Compact
Owner(s) Grupo Vocento
Founder(s) Torcuato Luca de Tena y Alvarez-Ossorio[1]
Publisher Catalina Luca de Tena
Editor Ángel Expósito
Founded January 1, 1903
Political alignment Conservativism, Monarchism, Right wing
Language Spanish
Headquarters Juan Ignacio de Tena 7, Madrid 28027, Spain
Circulation 243,154 daily in 2011[2]
Official website

ABC is a Spanish national daily newspaper founded in Madrid on January 1, 1903, by Torcuato Luca de Tena y Álvarez-Ossorio.[1] ABC started as a weekly newspaper, turning daily in June 1905. Today, ABC is the third largest general-interest newspaper in Spain, and the oldest newspaper still operating in Madrid. ABC is often referred to as a newspaper of record from Spain, along with El País and El Mundo.

ABC is known for generally supporting conservative political views and defending the Spanish monarchy. Historically, it was noted in its heavy use of photography, and the front page is typically a large photo taking up to one third of the area. Recently, it has been recognized for its coverage of Spanish culture and arts.[1]


On July 20, 1936, shortly after the Spanish Civil War began, ABC in Madrid was seized by the republican government, which changed the paper's politics to support the Republicans. A separate ABC printed in Seville supported the Nationalists. In 1939 ABC in Madrid was given back to its original owners, by Francisco Franco,[1] and once again became the largest newspaper in Spain, serving and supporting Franco's dictatorship.

It later moved from its historic landmark offices in Madrid by Paseo de la Castellana, which are now a shopping mall.

On September 25, 2009, ABC made its complete archives, dating back to 1903, available online, giving modern readers a chance to see contemporaneous news about the Spanish Civil War or Francisco Franco's death.


Today, ABC publishes in compact-sized stapled sheets, noticeably smaller than the loose tabloid format favoured by most Spanish dailies, including El País and El Mundo. Its cover distinctively features a full-size picture.

Its director since 1983, Luis María Ansón, left in 1998 to found another daily, La Razón, which initially catered to even more conservative readers.


  1. ^ a b c d "ABC". Encyclopedia Britannica. I: A-Ak - Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 2010. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8. 
  2. ^ Figures covering July 2010 to June 2011 from Spain's Oficina de Justificación de la Difusión, accessed January 28, 2012.

External links[edit]

  • – official online version of ABC
  • The ABC – Article in English discussing ABC