ABC News (Australia)
|Division of:||Australian Broadcasting Corporation|
|Headquarters:||Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|
|Broadcast programs:||ABC News Breakfast
The Midday Report
ABC News - Early Edition
Behind the News
One Plus One
State to State
|Parent:||Australian Broadcasting Corporation|
ABC News is a national news service produced by the News and Current Affairs division of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation - the division is responsible for all news-gathering and production of news output for ABC television, radio and online services. Although the ABC is owned and funded by the Australian Government, the editorial independence of the ABC is ensured through the Australian Broadcasting Corporation Act (Cwlth) 1983 .
The flagship radio news programs, AM, The World Today and PM are broadcast over various ABC radio outlets. The division also produces ABC NewsRadio, Australia's only 24-hour continuous news radio channel, as well as producing hourly radio news bulletins and programmes on ABC Local Radio, ABC Radio National, ABC Classic FM and Triple J, and Australia's only free-to-air 24 hour news channel, ABC News 24.
ABC television news bulletins are broadcast throughout the day - including the flagship nightly 7pm state-based bulletins. Bulletins focus strongly on issues of state relevance, with a greater inclusion of national and international news items than are found in the news bulletins of commercial broadcasters.
ABC News Breakfast
ABC News Breakfast is broadcast each weekday from 6am - 9:30am on ABC1 and ABC News 24 from ABC's Melbourne studios and is presented by Virginia Trioli and Michael Rowland, with sports presenter Paul Kennedy and weather presenter Vanessa O'Hanlon. The programme is also shown online and on the ABC's Australia Network in the Asia Pacific region.
The Midday Report
(Currently referred to on television as ABC News due to being broadcast live in different time zones on ABC News 24.)
The Midday Report is presented by Ros Childs from the ABC's main national news studios at Ultimo, and airs on ABC1 in each Australian state and territories at midday in the local time zone and on ABC News 24 at midday Australian Eastern Standard/Daylight Time. A separate edition of the bulletin is produced for Western Australia two to three hours after the original broadcast, as the time delay was deemed too long to remain up-to-date. Both versions air on ABC News 24. Business is presented by Alicia Barry and weather is presented by Vanessa O'Hanlon.
The bulletin was launched in February 2005 to replace the less successful Midday News and Business, preceded in turn by the long-running World at Noon. The Midday Report features a daily financial report presented by a rotating team of reporters including Sue Lannin, Alicia Barry, Nicole Chettle, Di Bain, Simon Palan, Rebecca Hyam, Michael Janda and Lexi Metherell.
Brigid Glanville, Nicole Chettle, Deborah Rice and Tracy Kirkland are the main fill-in news presenters for the Midday Report.
ABC News Early Edition
ABC News Early Edition is presented by James McHale from ABC's Perth studios and airs weekdays at 5:30pm on ABC1 and ABC News 24 in each Australian state and territory. Weather is presented by Graham Creed.
ABC News for Australia Network
Regular dedicated news bulletins are produced and broadcast for Australia Network in the Asia Pacific region. Bulletins are presented from Melbourne by Beverley O'Connor and feature reports from ABC correspondents based in and around the area.
National news updates are presented on ABC1 throughout the day with evening updates presented live in most states by the respective state news presenters. The ABC's Melbourne studios produces the 8.30pm weekday update for both Victoria and New South Wales. National updates are also available on demand via ABC News Online.
ABC News' flagship 7pm bulletin is produced and presented every night from the capital city of each state & territory and features a national financial bulletin presented on weeknights by Alan Kohler in Melbourne.
Australian Capital Territory
New South Wales
ABC News New South Wales is presented from the ABC's Ultimo studios by Juanita Phillips on weeknights and Jeremy Fernandez on weekends. Weekday weather forecasts are presented by Graham Creed. The regular fill-in presenter for the 7pm bulletin is Deborah Rice, with Scott Bevan filling in occasionally..
ABC News Queensland is presented from the ABC's Queensland headquarters on Brisbane's South Bank by Karina Carvalho on weeknights and Jessica van Vonderen at weekends. Weekday weather forecasts are presented by Jenny Woodward.
ABC News South Australia is presented from the ABC's Collinswood studios by Jessica Harmsen (née Schacht) on weeknights and Anita Savage on weekends. Weekend bulletins feature local sport bulletins presented by Neil Cross.
ABC News Tasmania is presented from the ABC's Hobart studios by Peter Gee on weeknights and Angela Ross on weekends. Weekday weather forecasts are presented by Simon McCulloch.
The news theme used from 1956 to 1985 was "Majestic Fanfare", composed by Charles Williams. From 1956 until the early '80s the version used was abridged version performed by the Queen's Hall Light Orchestra, from a recording made in 1943. Each bulletin opened with a clip from the top story of the day, with the title "ABC News" superimposed over the footage. Later, this onscreen approach was replaced by a generic graphic title sequence. In 1982, to celebrate the ABC's 50th anniversary, a new version of the theme was commissioned, which incorporated both orchestral and new electronic elements. With the exception of a period in the mid-'80s, during which a synthesised theme arranged by Sydney musician Tony Ansell was used for 12 months or so, this was used on radio until August 1988, and on television until early 1985. A reworking (up one tone)of "Majestic Fanfare" (essentially the original orchestration up one tone) was arranged by Richard Mills and recorded in 1988 by the Sydney Symphony Orchestra.
The 1988 orchestration is still used exclusively for ABC's radio news bulletins across all stations, except Triple J, which uses a 1991 remix of the original "Majestic Fanfare", and NewsRadio, which has always used specially-composed themes since its inception. The original theme package was written by Peter Wall and Tony Ansell.
The ABC refreshed its structure and look in 1985 when the 7 o'clock news and the following current affairs programme (at that time, Nationwide) were combined to form ABC National (usually known as "The National"). The news theme used was "Best Endeavours", written by Alan Hawkshaw. This piece of music was at that time, and is still, the theme for Channel 4 News in the UK.
1985 - 1997
After The National was deemed unsuccessful, that same year the news was refreshed again with a new set, graphics, and theme, composed by Tony Ansell & Peter Wall. This theme was used for almost 20 years, even after the refresh in 1997. In 2010, it was sampled and remixed by the group Pendulum and this revised work went on to be placed #11 on the Triple J Hottest 100 chart on Australia Day 2011.
1997 - 2005
In 1997, the set was updated, a new opener featuring a light blue globe and the ABC logo was introduced, and the theme remained the same but was tweaked. The graphics also changed to match the new look.
2005 - 2010
The theme for ABC News changed on Australia Day (26 January) 2005, and was written by Martin Armiger and John Gray and for a couple of years bore a resemblance to the original Peter Wall / Tony Ansell work in the opening signature notes. Wall challenged the ABC and was successful in reaching an agreement. The opening notes were removed and the work was re-arranged in 2010. The new look made use of an orange and blue globe motif. At the same time the set and graphics received a major overhaul to fit in with this look. This package was used until 21 July 2010[unreliable source?]
2010 - present
With the launch of ABC News 24 on 22 July, all 7pm bulletins across Australia had a graphics overhaul to match the look of ABC News 24. The opener replaces the blue/orange globe style with a series of sliding panels, featuring images specific to each state. The theme from the 2005-2010 era was remixed by Martin Armiger, its composer, giving it a more upbeat, synthesised feel. Most of the same sets for the 7pm bulletins (with the exception of Queensland & Western Australia) have been retained from the 2005-2010 package until new ones can be built to match the ABC News 24 set, however the graphics have changed to match the "sliding panels" look and are more akin to the feel of ABC News 24.
ABC News 24
The new channel commenced preliminary broadcasting with a promo loop in early July 2010, with the ABC re-numbering ABC HD channel 20 to logical channel number 24.
The ABC News 24 channel was officially launched at 7.30PM Australian Eastern Standard Time on 22 July 2010 and simulcast its first hour of transmission with ABC1. The news channel utilises the ABC's existing resources including more than 1000 journalists in 60 newsrooms across Australia along with 12 foreign bureaux.
ABC radio news bulletins are broadcast throughout the day - including the flagship state-based bulletins. Bulletins focus strongly on issues of state relevance, but also feature more national and international news stories.
The main national bulletins are broadcast on ABC Radio National and ABC Classic FM on the hour, 24 hours a day. In addition, the national youth station Triple J airs its own bulletins from 6am to 6pm on weekdays and from 7am to midday at the weekends.
Statewide bulletins air from the capital city of each state and territory throughout the day on ABC Local Radio, incorporating national financial bulletins from Sydney. National bulletins air on ABC Local Radio at all other times.
- ABC News ACT is broadcast at 5:30am and on the hour between 6am & 10pm each day from the studios of 666 ABC Canberra.
- ABC News New South Wales is broadcast at 5:30am and on the hour between 6am & 10pm each day from the studios of 702 ABC Sydney.
- ABC News Northern Territory is broadcast at 5:30am and on the hour between 6am & 10pm each day from the studios of 105.7 ABC Darwin.
- ABC News Queensland is broadcast 5:30am to 9pm each day from the studios of 612 ABC Brisbane.
- ABC News South Australia is broadcast at 5:30am and on the hour between 6am and 10pm on weekdays from the studios of 891 ABC Adelaide. Weekend bulletins are broadcast on the hour between 6am and midday.
- ABC News Tasmania is broadcast at 5:30am and on the hour between 6am and 9pm on weekdays from the studios of 936 ABC Hobart. Weekend bulletins are broadcast on the hour between 6am and midday.
- ABC News Victoria is broadcast at 5:30am and on the hour between 6am and 10pm on weekdays from the studios of 774 ABC Melbourne. Weekend bulletins are broadcast on the hour between 6am and midday.
- ABC News Western Australia is broadcast at 5:30am and on the hour between 6am and 9pm on weekdays from the studios of 720 ABC Perth. Weekend bulletins are broadcast on the hour between 6am and midday.
- "Key Stories - 1956". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. abc.net.au. 2006. Retrieved 2007-06-28.
- All information in Music, Graphics and Presenters sourced from http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A32938842