|Founded||19 July 1926|
|Areas served||Belconnen, Gungahlin,
Canberra Central, Woden Valley,
Weston Creek, Tuggeranong
|Corporate colours||Green, orange and white|
|Bus stations||Belconnen (3 stations),
City, Woden (Phillip),
|Depots||Belconnen, Woden (Phillip),
ACTION is a public bus service operating in Canberra, ACT, Australia. It is a division of the Territory and Municipal Services Directorate of the ACT Government (TAMS). The Minister responsible for TAMS is Shane Rattenbury MLA and the Director of ACTION is James Roncon.
Its name was derived as an acronym of Australian Capital Territory Internal Omnibus Network, but it is now officially known as ACTION.
There are no other modes of public transport operating within the ACT.
- 1 History
- 2 Routes
- 3 Ticketing and fares
- 4 Fleet
- 5 Infrastructure
- 6 References
- 7 External links
 Within Australia, the Canberra Bus Service (later known as "ACTION") was:
- one of the first operators of the AEC Renown buses (1926)
- one of the first operators of AEC Regal buses (1933)
- the first operator of a diesel bus (1934)
- the first operator of an AEC air suspended bus (1960)
- the first Government operator of a Leyland Leopard (1962)
- one of the first operators of AEC Swift buses (1967)
- one of the first Government operators to buy a rear engined bus (1967)
- the first operator of Volvo City buses (1972)
- the first Government operator of MAN SL200 buses (1975)
- the first operator of a German VÖV designed bus (MAN SL200) (1975)
- the first operator of an articulated bus (MAN SG192) (1976)
- the first operator to buy buses with integral retarders (MAN SG192/SL200) (1978)
- the first operator of a Mercedes-Benz O.305 built essentially to the German VÖV design (1981)
- the first operator of anti-lock brakes on buses (1981)
The first public bus service in Canberra was run by the Commonwealth Department of Public Works for the benefit of the workers constructing buildings in the new city. Starting in October 1923, the service originated from construction camps and 'tent cities' at the Causeway and Pialligo and the temporary railhead at Eastlake (now Kingston). Two Charabancs carried people to various building sites in Canberra City and Parkes.
The general public was first served in July 1925 when a private operator, Mrs Helen Barton, began running buses between Ainslie and Eastlake into the only shopping centre in Queanbeyan. Although a privately owned service linking Queanbeyan and Canberra still operates today, private operations within Canberra were short lived because the Federal Capital Commission started its own service in July 1926.
Five AEC Renown buses provided the Commission's service that ran between a southern terminus at Eastlake and a northern terminus at Ainslie, using several different routes. This route pattern was maintained for the next 25 years.
With the opening of Parliament House in May 1927 and the associated relocation of Commonwealth Government Departments to Canberra, the frequency of service offered by the Canberra City Omnibus Service increased as the population of the new city grew.
During the early 1950s bus services were expanded to Narrabundah, Yarralumla and O'Connor. These routes were extended further in the late 1950s with the development of Dickson and Campbell. Almost all the buses served the Kingston and Manuka shopping centres.
The first Woden Valley (Hughes) service was introduced on 19 August 1963 following the first occupancy of houses in 1963. Similar early services were provided for other areas. From 1961 the new Russell Offices complex demanded a growing number of additional peak services, including feeders from the City. The Canberra fleet had grown from 25 buses in 1942 to over 90 by 1966.
On 25 March 1968, after much consultation and consideration, a reformed bus system for Canberra began. This involved new bus timetables and driver schedules, based on not less than half–hourly services on all routes throughout the day with synchronised movements through the main centres. This new system included the first express bus service between Woden and the City (Route 16) and created the need for an interchange at Woden between express and local services. A temporary 'on street' interchange was established on Melrose Drive, Lyons.
Canberra's first off street bus interchange at the Woden Town Centre was opened on 4 December 1972. It was one of the first purpose-built suburban bus terminals in Australia.
On 14 February 1977, a new system was unveiled - the Australian Capital Territory Internal Omnibus Network (ACTION) - in association with a major program to upgrade the service by the purchasing of new vehicles, a new range of pre-purchased tickets, passenger facilities such as shelters and a new colour scheme for the buses.
In June 2008, to coincide with the launch of Network 08, ACTION's logo and corporate colours were modified.
ACTION's route and timetable information can be found at http://www.action.act.gov.au/timetables_and_maps
ACTION operates two separate networks of bus routes; one during weekdays and the other on weekends and public holidays. The latest major change to the bus routes and timetables occurred on 28 May 2012, with minor weekday and weekend timetable changes effective from 2 February 2013.
Blue Rapid services provide a high-frequency link between the City and the bus stations at Belconnen, Woden and Tuggeranong Town Centres. Blue Rapid services consist of the 300 series routes (300, 312, 313, 314, 315, 318 and 319) on weekdays and route 900 on weekends and public holidays.
During weekday daytime, Blue Rapid routes commence from suburbs in Belconnen or Tuggeranong then travel through all bus stations along the trunk (or common) route and terminate at either the last station or, in the case of routes 318 and 319, at Kippax Centre. At night the Blue Rapid service consists of Route 300 which travels only between bus stations, but does not extend to the suburbs.
On weekends and public holidays, Route 900 travels between all stations as well as the Erindale Centre. Some Route 900 services on Saturday service only Woden, City and Belconnen.
Red Rapid Route 200 is a limited stop service between Gungahlin Town Centre, Northbourne Avenue, City Bus Station, Russell, Barton and Fyshwick. It operates between 7am and 7pm weekdays, with services every 10 minutes from 7am to 9am and every 15 minutes from 9am to 7pm.
The service commenced on 16 November 2009 as Route 727 and branded as Redex (Rapid Express Direct). It operated between Gungahlin and the Railway Station as a trial service. On 15 November 2010, the service was renamed Red Rapid, renumbered as route 200 and extended to the Direct Factory Outlets centre in Fyshwick. The route was further varied on 28 May 2012 to no longer enter the Railway Station or service the Fyshwick Markets.
Nearly all Red Rapid services are scheduled to be operated by wheelchair accessible buses and most by buses fitted with bicycle racks.
Centenary Loop Route 100 is a free service operating 7 days a week. This limited-stop route departs City Platform 10 (Northbourne Avenue) and travels to Canberra's major attractions including the Australian War Memorial, National Gallery of Australia, National Library of Australia, Questacon, Museum of Australian Democracy, Parliament House, National Museum of Australia and the National Film and Sound Archive before returning to the City. The 40-minute loop departs half-hourly between 9am and 4:30pm and will operate until 31 December 2013 (except Christmas Day).
All services are scheduled to be operated by wheelchair accessible buses.
Regular route services
ACTION's regular weekday services are identified by a one- or two- digit route number. These routes operate either as feeder services to a single town centre or connect two or three town centres via suburban streets.
During weekends and public holidays, all bus services use a three-digit route number in the 9** range. These services generally do not provide the same level of service as the weekday services.
Gold Line is the name given to the common route operated by routes 2 and 3 between the City Bus Station, Parkes, Barton, Parliament House and Deakin. Between 7am and 7pm weekdays, these route combine to provide a 15-minute frequency along the common route corridor.
Green Line is the name given to the common routes operated by routes 4 and 5 firstly between the City West district, City Bus Station, Russell, Barton, Kingston and Manuka; and secondly from Woden Bus Station to Canberra Hospital and Goyder Street, Narrabundah.
Between 7am and 7pm weekdays, these routes combine to provide a 15-minute frequency along both of the common route corridors.
Xpresso services are routes which operate during weekday peak hours to provide direct links to the City, Russell Offices, Barton and Airport Business Parks or direct services between Town Centres bypassing the City. These services are designed to reduce the travel time for commuters to get to and from work.
Xpresso services are numbered 701 - 788.
Other peak services
Other weekday peak hour services operate as an extension to existing route services. These routes are numbered as 1** and 2** where ** represents the two numbers of the regular route service. The 100 series routes travel along the Blue Rapid trunk route between Woden and City Bus Stations. The 200 series routes extend from Woden to Barton, Kings Avenue, Russell then either Constitution Avenue to the City or to ADFA and Campbell Park. Route 63 also operates as a 200 series to Campbell Park during peak; route 28 extends to Fairbairn Park during peak.
School services are provided by ACTION to public and private primary schools, high schools and colleges. These have route numbers between 401 and 899. These services can only be accessed by school students and staff, and are not used by the general public. They are not listed on timetables at bus stops.
Details of school services can be found at http://www.action.act.gov.au/school_services
Ticketing and fares
Cash fares (purchased on bus)
Effective from 4 February 2013:
|Ticket type||Adult||Concession & Students (A)||Notes|
|Single trip||$ 4.20||$ 2.10||Ticket includes 90 minute transfer - no distance limit.|
|Daily||$ 8.00||$ 4.00|
A - Student fares apply to Australian Primary, High School and Secondary College students and full-time students attending an accredited Australian tertiary education institution who undertake at least 15 hours per week class time.
MyWay (pre-purchased fares)
MyWay is the pre-purchased ticketing system for use on ACTION buses. It uses credit card-sized contactless smart cards onto which credit is loaded. Passengers are required to 'tag on' when boarding the bus and 'tag off' when exiting, at which point the appropriate fare is calculated and, if required, deducted from the stored value in the MyWay card. MyWay cards were made available to ACT Seniors Card-holders on 21 February 2011 and released to the remainder of the community on 7 March 2011.
The MyWay system uses Parkeon software and equipment including Wayfarer 200 consoles and Axio card readers. The system was built and installed by Parkeon's Australian distributor, Downer EDi. Instead of being developed from scratch, MyWay was adapted from Transperth's SmartRider system which also uses Parkeon hardware and software.
Effective from 4 February 2013:
|Fare type||Adult||Concession (A)||Tertiary Student (B)||School Student (C)||Notes|
|School Day Single Trip||n/a||n/a||n/a||$1.00||Includes 90 minute transfer.|
|Weekday Single Trip - Peak||$2.65||$1.32||$1.32||$1.32 (G)||Includes 90 minute transfer. (D)|
|Weekday Single Trip - Off Peak||$2.10||$0.58||$1.32||$1.32 (G)||Includes 90 minute transfer. (E)|
|Weekday - Daily Fare Cap||$8.00||$4.00||$4.00||$4.00||Fare charged will not exceed this amount per day. (F)|
|Weekend / Public Holiday Single Trip||$2.10||$0.58||$1.32||$1.32||Includes 90 minute transfer|
|Weekend / Public Holiday Daily Fare Cap||$4.83||$1.79||$1.79||$1.79||Fare charged will not exceed this amount per day. (F)|
|Default Fare||$1.55||$0.78||$0.78||$0.78||Additional fare which applies if passenger fails to correctly tag on or off bus.|
|Monthly Trip Cap||40||40||40||30||Once this many paid Single Trips (excluding transfers) have been made during a calendar month, free travel applies for the remainder of the month. (F)|
A - Concession does not include Students or Children
B - Tertiary Student fares apply to full-time students attending an accredited Australian tertiary education institution who undertake at least 15 hours per week class time
C - School Student fares apply to Australian Primary, High School and Secondary College students
D - Applies to trips commenced before 9am and between 4.30pm and 6pm.
E - Applies to trips commenced between 9am and 4.30pm and after 6pm.
F - Fare caps apply only if all bus journeys are tagged on and off. Default fare will apply each time a bus ride is not correctly tagged on or off.
G - This fare only applies on non-school days
ACTION's regular service fleet comprises approximately 420 buses, made up of the following models:
- Renault PR100.2 (Ansair "Metro" MkI, rigid) - 13
4 of these vehicles have been temporarily removed from service and are stored at Woden Depot.
- Renault PR100.2 (Ansair "Metro" MkII, rigid) - 112
1 of these vehicles has been temporarily removed from service and is stored at Woden Depot.
- Renault PR180.2 (Ansair "Metro" MkI, articulated) - 1
- Renault PR180.2 (Ansair "Metro" MkII, articulated) - 3
- Renault PR100.3 (Austral Denning "Starliner", rigid) - 41
- Dennis Dart SLF Euro II Diesel (Wright "Crusader", low-floor medium rigid) - 25
These vehicles were built in the United Kingdom with the chassis built at the Dennis plant at Guildford, England and the bodies at Wright's plant at Ballymena, Northern Ireland.
8 of these vehicles have been temporarily removed from service and are stored at Woden Depot.
- Irisbus Agora Line Euro II Diesel (Custom Coaches "CB60", low-floor rigid, air conditioned) - 20
- Scania L94UB CNG (Custom Coaches "CB60", low-floor rigid, air conditioned) - 54
- MAN A69 18.310 HOCL-NL CNG (Custom Coaches "CB60 Evo II", low-floor rigid, air conditioned) - 16
- MAN A69 18.310 HOCL-R-NL Euro IV Diesel (Custom Coaches "CB60 Evo II", low-floor rigid, air conditioned) - 2
- MAN A69 18.320 HOCL-NL/E5 Euro V Diesel (Custom Coaches "CB60 Evo II", low-floor rigid, air conditioned) - 87
- Scania K320UB 6x2*4 steerable-tag Euro V Diesel (Custom Coaches "CB60 Evo II", low-floor rigid tri-axle, air conditioned) - 26
- Scania K360UA 6x2/2 Euro V/EEV Diesel (Custom "CB80", low-floor articulated, air conditioned) - 33
Bicycle racks have been fitted to the front of 80% of the buses in the fleet (as denoted by ). Each rack can hold two bicycles. Passengers may load a bicycle onto the rack for free, but must pay a regular fare to travel on the bus.
Apart from buses with all over advertising or special designs, ACTION's fleet sport either a blue, orange and white livery (Renault and Dennis buses) or a green, orange and white livery (all other buses).
ACTION's vehicles also include Toyota Hiace Commuter and Hyundai iMax vans which can be used to transport passengers in case of a bus breaking down, Hino Dutro trucks used by mechanics to attend broken down buses and a single Mack tow truck.
ACTION operates six bus stations, which act as hubs for the districts of Canberra.
- City Bus Station (opened 23 November 1982 and remodelled 2000) serves Gungahlin and Canberra Central;
- Woden Bus Station (opened 1972, second stage opened 1982) serves Woden Valley, Weston Creek and Tuggeranong;
- Tuggeranong Bus Station (opened 1991) serves Tuggeranong;
- Located in Belconnen Town Centre are three bus stations - Cohen Street (opened 2009), Westfield Belconnen and Belconnen Community Station (opened 2010) - which serve Belconnen and Gungahlin.
City Bus Station is located on East Row, Mort Street and Alinga Street with the Centenary Loop and peak services departing from Northbourne Avenue. Limited local access is permitted on Mort and Alinga Streets, while East Row is a bus-only street. Woden and Tuggeranong Bus Stations are off street stations which permit access only to buses, essential traffic and emergency vehicles.
Belconnen Town Centre is serviced by three bus stations all located along Cohen Street. Cohen Street Bus Station is located outside the Belconnen Bus Depot near the intersection with Josephson Street; Westfield Belconnen Bus Station is an off street station near the intersection of Cohen and Lathlain Streets and Belconnen Community Bus Station is located on Cohen Street near the intersection with Benjamin Way (at the site of the former Belconnen Interchange). All bus routes travelling to or through Belconnen Town Centre service all three stations. Additional stops are located on Emu Bank and Eastern Valley Way which are serviced by most routes which travel through Belconnen Town Centre.
Most ACTION bus stops consist of a steel pole fitted with a rectangular blue and yellow "Bus Stop" sign, which includes the bus stop number. These signs will replace the former bus stop signs which included orange-coloured wooden posts marked with "Signal Bus". Orange bollard stops, which include detailed timetable and route information, have been installed at major bus stops and along the Blue and Red Rapid routes.
Bus shelters installed at stops include what is referred to as a "concrete bunker" (see photo) which were first installed in 1975. More modern shelters include glass-sided Adshel shelters (both with and without advertising) which were first installed in 2007 and CAM shelters which were first installed in 2012.
ACTION has three bus depots to house its bus fleet.
- Belconnen Bus Depot, Cohen Street, Belconnen, includes a bus wash, workshop, undercover bus parking, diesel refill, drivers amenities and administrative area.
- Tuggeranong Bus Depot, Scollay Street, Greenway, includes a bus wash, workshop, undercover bus parking, CNG and diesel fuelling facilities, drivers amenities and administrative area. Located next to the depot is ACTION House, which was previously ACTION’s administrative headquarters, but is now leased to the Australian Government for a department of Medicare Australia.
- Woden Transport Depot, Prospect Court, Phillip, stores the Special Needs Transport mini bus fleet and buses which are not in service.
- "TAMS Organisational Chart". ACT Territory and Municipal Services Directorate. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- "Canberra's Engineering Heritage - Urban Public Transport". Engineers Australia. Archived from the original on 30 April 2010. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- "Centenary Loop timetable". ACTION. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- "Free Centenary bus service puts city in the loop" (Press release). Canberra: ACT Chief Minister. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- "MyWay Fares". ACT Government - Transport for Canberra. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- "MyWay". ACT Government - Transport For Canberra. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- "Wayfarer 200". Parkeon. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Retrieved 15 October 2010.
- "Axio". Parkeon. Archived from the original on 21 September 2010. Retrieved 15 October 2010.
- "Parkeon wins again down under" (Press release). Parkeon. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- "ACTION Fleet Summary". actbus.net. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
- "Renault PR100.2 Mk I". ACTION. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "Renault PR100.2 Mk II". ACTION. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "Renault PR180.2 Mk I Articulated". ACTION. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "Renault PR180.2 Mk II Articulated". ACTION. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "Renault PR100.3 Diesel". ACTION. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "Dennis Dart SLF Midi Bus - Diesel". ACTION. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "Irisbus Agoraline CB60 Low Floor - Diesel". ACTION. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "Scania L94UB CB60 Low Floor - CNG". ACTION. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "MAN A69 18.310 HOCLNL CNG Low Floor". ACTION. Archived from the original on 15 September 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2009.
- "MAN A69 18.320 HOUCL-R-NL Diesel Low Floor". ACTION. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 19 September 2009.
- "Scania K320UB 14.5m 6x2*4 CB60 Low Floor Diesel". ACTION. Archived from the original on 4 March 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
- "Scania K360UA 6x2/2 CB80 Low Floor EEV Diesel". ACTION. Archived from the original on 3 February 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2012.
- "Bike Racks on Buses". ACTION. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- "Scania secures Australia’s first Euro 6 bus fleet order" (Press release). Scania Australia. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- "AEC Regal Mark III Omnibus 1949". ACT Heritage Council.
- "[No heading].". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) (ACT: National Library of Australia). 22 November 1982. p. 15. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- "Improvements to Belconnen Town Centre". ACT Planning and Land Authority. Retrieved 25 December 2008.
- "Installation of new bus stop signs". ACTION. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
- "AdShel wins ACT tender". B & T. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
- "Case Study - Canberra bus shelters". CAM Shelters. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to ACTION.|
- ACTION homepage
- MyWay homepage
- Qcity Transit homepage
- Transborder Express homepage
- Canberra Airport shuttle homepage
- Custom Coaches
- CAM Shelters