ACT New Zealand
|ACT New Zealand|
|Founder||Roger Douglas and Derek Quigley|
|Deputy Leader||Kenneth Wang|
|Headquarters||27 Gillies Avenue,
|Student wing||ACT on Campus|
|Colours||Yellow and blue|
|MPs in the House of Representatives|
|Politics of New Zealand
ACT New Zealand is a free market political party in New Zealand. Until the New Zealand general election, 2011 it was led by former[update] National Party leader and Reserve Bank Governor Don Brash. The party's current parliamentary leader is John Banks, who will step down in March 2014 at the party's annual conference. If he succeeds in winning Epsom for his party in the next New Zealand general election, David Seymour will become his successor.
ACT now has one member of the Parliament of New Zealand, which is John Banks, a former two-term Auckland mayor and Police and Tourism ministers in the New Zealand National Party Bolger administrations of the nineties.
According to former[update] party leader Rodney Hide, the party stands for "individual freedom, personal responsibility, doing the best for our natural environment and for smaller, smarter government in its goals of a prosperous economy, a strong society, and a quality of life that is the envy of the world".
The name comes from the initials of the Association of Consumers and Taxpayers, founded in 1993 by Roger Douglas and Derek Quigley, from which the party grew in 1994. The party is commonly known by the acronym "ACT" and pronounced as a word rather than as initials.
- 1 Philosophy
- 2 History
- 3 Electoral results
- 4 Leadership
- 5 Elected representatives
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
- That individuals are the rightful owners of their own lives and therefore have inherent freedoms and responsibilities
- That the proper purpose of government is to protect such freedoms and not to assume such responsibilities.
Former leader Don Brash promised to focus the party on controlling government debt, equality among all New Zealanders, and rethinking the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme. Under previous leader Rodney Hide, ACT New Zealand had primarily focused on two main policy areas: taxation and crime.
At the New Zealand general election, 2011, ACT advocated lowering tax rates and also supported something approaching a flat tax, in which tax rates would not be graduated based on wealth or income, so every taxpayer would pay the same proportion of their income in tax. The flat tax rate that ACT proposed would be approximately 15% with no tax on the first $25,000 for those who opt out of Government accident, sickness and healthcare cover. Aligned to the lower tax proposal, ACT also wants to reduce or remove some Government programmes which it sees as unnecessary and wasteful and to increase self-reliance by encouraging individuals to take responsibility to pay for services traditionally paid for by Government.
Other policies ACT canvassed include:
- Re-instating private prisons; allowing private firms to free up police for "Zero Tolerance" policing; speeding up courts
- Welfare reforms similar to those instituted by the United States in the mid-1990s, based primarily on the reforms first undertaken in Wisconsin
- A greater spend on defence with closer strategic alliances with the United States, Australia, and United Kingdom
Members of ACT's caucus in parliament voted 5 to 4 in favour of the 2004 Civil Unions legislation which gave the option of legal recognition to (among others) same-sex couples. A majority also supported the legalisation of brothels by the Prostitution Reform Act 2003.
The Act Party's current position on climate change is that there is no warming trend in New Zealand. The ACT Party went into the 2008 general election with a policy that in part stated "New Zealand is not warming" and that their policy goal was to ensure "That no New Zealand government will ever impose needless and unjustified taxation or regulation on its citizens in a misguided attempt to reduce global warming or become a world leader in carbon neutrality" In September 2008, ACT Party Leader Rodney Hide stated "that the entire climate change - global warming hypothesis is a hoax, that the data and the hypothesis do not hold together, that Al Gore is a phoney and a fraud on this issue, and that the emissions trading scheme is a worldwide scam and swindle."
The name comes from the initials of the Association of Consumers and Taxpayers, founded in 1993 by Roger Douglas and Derek Quigley. From this, they formed ACT New Zealand in the following year as a political party.
In the 1999 election, ACT obtained 7.04% of the party vote, making it eligible for nine list MPs..
In the 2005 election, ACT obtained 1.51% of the party vote, hence had 1 list MP and 1 electorate MP.
In the New Zealand general election, 2008, ACT fielded 61 list candidates, starting with Rodney Hide, Heather Roy, Sir Roger Douglas, John Boscawen, David Garrett and Hilary Calvert. The election marked an improvement in ACT's fortunes. Hide retained his Epsom seat and ACT's share of the party vote increased to 3.65% (up from the 1.5% gained in the 2005 elections). The combination allowed the party five MPs in total.
In addition, the centre-right National Party won the most seats overall, forming a minority government, the so-called Fifth National Government of New Zealand, with the support of ACT as well as the Maori Party and United Future. John Key offered both Hide and Roy posts as Ministers outside Cabinet: Hide became Minister of Local Government, Minister for Regulatory Reform and Associate Minister of Commerce, while Roy became Minister of Consumer Affairs, Associate Minister of Defence and Associate Minister of Education.
However, after 2008, some caucus MPs and organisational members became dissatisfied with ACT's coalition partner status and argued at ACT's national conference (27 February 2010) that there were insufficient fiscal responsibility policy gains for their party and that the National Party had resiled from its earlier commitment to the politics of fiscal responsibility over the course of the previous decade. Throughout 2009, there had been at least one reported ACT caucus coup attempt against Hide's leadership, believed to have been led by Deputy Leader Heather Roy and Roger Douglas. However, it faltered when Prime Minister Key supported Hide's retention and threatened a snap election. In addition, the party's polling of a lowly one to two percent in most opinion polls meant only Heather Roy might accompany Hide after any forthcoming general election, if Hide retained ACT's Epsom pivotal electorate seat
On 28 April 2011, Hide announced that he was resigning the ACT leadership in favour of former National Party leader and Reserve Bank Governor Don Brash who joined the party that morning. Brash's leadership was unanimously approved by the party board and parliamentary caucus on 30 April. Brash promised to focus the party on controlling government debt, equality between Māori and non-Māori, and rethinking the Emissions Trading Scheme, with a target of getting 15 percent of the party vote in the next election.
In November 2011, a recording of a conversation held between John Key and the former National Party member and former Mayor of Auckland City John Banks, who had been selected as the new ACT candidate in Epsom, was leaked to Herald On Sunday. 3 News also obtained copies of the recording suggesting the two politicians were discussing issues related to ACT New Zealand's leadership.
In the New Zealand general election, 2011, ACT fielded 55 list candidates, starting with new leader Don Brash, Catherine Isaac, Don Nicolson, John Banks, David Seymour and Chris Simmons. The election was a disappointment for ACT, with the party's worst election result since it began in 1996. John Banks retained the Epsom seat for ACT, however the 34.2% majority held by Rodney Hide was severely cut back to 6.3% as large numbers of Labour and Green voters in Epsom tactically split their vote and gave their electorate vote to the National candidate Paul Goldsmith. Nationwide, ACT received only 1.07% of the party vote, placing 8th out of 13 on party vote percentage. As a result, ACT were only entitled to one seat in the new Parliament, filled by John Banks. Subsequently, Don Brash announced that he had stepped down as leader during his speech on election night. Following the 2011 general election John Banks stated that he believed that the ACT brand "...just about had its use-by date..." and needed to be renamed and relaunched.
Their previous partners, the New Zealand National Party, again won the most seats overall, and formed a minority government. The Fifth National Government of New Zealand, would have ACT support as well as that of United Future and the Maori Party. John Key has not announced what responsibilities he will give to John Banks or ACT or announced an official coalition with confidence and supply.
In the next New Zealand general election, to be held by the end of 2014, David Seymour will become the ACT candidate for Epsom, having been appointed on 2 February 2014 at an ACT Board meeting. Jamie Whyte became the party's leader-elect at the same time.
|Election||Candidates nominated||Seats won||Votes||Vote share %||Position[A]||ACT in
|^A Ranked by number of seats, then by number of votes as a tie-breaker.|
Current Member of Parliament
- John Banks (Epsom electorate)(2011-2014)
Former Members of Parliament
- Act Party's Caucus and Acts MPs' responsibilities
- ACT on Campus
- List of liberal parties
- Liberalism in New Zealand
- Rodney Hide, "Speech to ACT Auckland Regional Conference, 30 July 2006"
- ACT's Pledge To New Zealand, reported on 19 May 2008
- "ACT Policy at a Glance". 5 Jan 2007. Archived from the original on 5 Jan 2007.
- O'Sullivan, Fran (30 April 2011). "Coup aside, bold Brash must deliver on gamble". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- "ACT Taxation Policy". Retrieved 25 July 2009.
- "The 20 Point Plan - Policies in summary form". Archived from the original on 14 October 2008. Retrieved 27 October 2008. "Action: Bring back private prisons - now best practice overseas. Let private firms free up cops for 'Zero Tolerance' policing. Speed up courts (eg. night courts) to reduce unfair delays."
- Taylor, Kevin; NZPA (26 June 2003). "Barnett celebrates 'historic moment' with prostitution bill". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 27 October 2008.
- "ACT Climate Change Policy". Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- "ACT Climate Change Policy.". Act Party. 2008. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
- Hide, Rodney (3 September 2008). "Hide: Emissions Trading Bill". Press Release ACT Party Speech to Parliament. www.scoop.co.nz. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
- Curtin, Jennifer; Miller, Raymond (16 November 2012). "Political parties - Small parties under MMP". Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
- "Part I: Summary of Party List and Electorate Candidate Seats" (PDF). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 2007. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
- "Official Count Results -- Overall Status". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- Chief Electoral Office: Official Count results: Overall status.
- "Key's Government". The New Zealand Herald. 17 November 2008. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
- Kay, Martin (27 February 2010). "Leader warns ACT's hardliners". Dominion Post.
- "Act accepts Brash as leader". New Zealand Herald. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
- Wilson, Peter (16 November 2011). "Key may face more teapot tape accusations". 3 News (New Zealand). Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- Armstrong, John (16 November 2011). "'Teapot tape' could nail lid to ACT coffin". The New Zealand Herald (New Zealand). Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- Chief Electoral Office: Official Count results: Overall status.
- "Don Brash interview announcing resignation as ACT party leader". 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
- "John Banks' comments on Don Brash's resignation". 27 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
- "John Banks' comments on ACT Party brand". 28 November 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2011.
- ACT New Zealand
- ACT on Campus ACT's Youth Wing
- ACT New Zealand at DMOZ
- New Zealand's New Zealots by R.W. Bradford — 1997 Article for Liberty magazine, about ACT and the Libertarianz[dead link]
- Is this the end of the road for Act? - New Zealand Herald article