ADF insurgency refers to the ongoing rebellion of the Allied Democratic Forces in Uganda directed against the government. The insurgency began in 2007 and though paused during 2009-2012, it resurged in 2013, resulting in dozens of deaths.
2007 to 2008
During March 2007, the UPDF engaged incursive ADF groups in multiple firefights, killing at least 46 in Bundibugyo and Mubende districts. The biggest battle occurred on March 27, when the UPDF faced an estimated 60 ADF troops and killed 34, including three senior commanders. The UPDF claimed to have retrieved numerous weapons as well as documents that tie the ADF to the LRA.
Ceasefire and amnesty talks between the government of Uganda and the ADF were held in Nairobi starting in May 2008. Negotiations were complicated by the fragmentation of the ADF's leadership. Non-combatant dependents of the ADF were repatriated to Uganda by the IOM. At least 48 ADF fighters surrendered and were given amnesty. As the threat from the LRA in the DRC waned, the UPDF put increasing focus on the ADF as a reason for UPDF personnel to remain in the DRC.
In April 2013, it was reported that ADF started a recruitment campaign in Kampala and other parts of the country. Citing a defector from ADF, "allAfrica" reported that some 10 new recruits joined ADF forces every day.
In July 2013 the ADF renewed its fighting in the Congolese district of Beni. According to the UN Radio Okapi, the ADF together with the NALU, fought a pitched battle with the FARD, briefly taking the towns of Mamundioma and Totolito. On July 11, the ADF attacked the town of Kamango, triggering the flight of over 60,000 refugees across the border into the Ugandan district of Bundibugyo.
Early in September 2013, regional leaders under the International Conference of the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) asked the recently formed combative Intervention Brigade under MONUSCO to attack positions of foreign negative forces operating in DRC, including the ADF. In late September 2013, 3 people were killed and 30 abducted during an ADF attack in the Watalinga Sector, North Kivu, DR Congo. Omar Kavota, the vice president and spokesman of the local civil society in North Kivu condemned the abductions. According to the civil society, the abductees also included eight miners.
- "Wikileaks Cable: Government Demands Action Against Ugandan Rebels In Congo". Embassy Kampala (Uganda): Wikileaks. 2007-04-03. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
- "Wikileaks Cable: Uganda: Adf Clash With Updf Near Tourist Lodge". Embassy Kampala (Uganda): Wikileaks. 2007-04-17. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
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- "Wikileaks Cable: Uganda: 2009 Country Reports On Terrorism". Embassy Kampala (Uganda): Wikileaks. 2009-12-21. Retrieved 2013-02-18.
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- Candia, Steven (2013-04-11). "Uganda: Allied Democratic Forces Recruiting in Kampala, Says Defector (Page 1 of 2)". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2014-05-19.
- Kambale, Juakali (2 July 2013). "16 killed in clash between DRC army and Ugandan militias". Africa Review. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
- "Rebels Drive More Than 60,000 From Congo to Uganda". New York Times. AP. 14 July 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
- newvision (2013-09-26). "ADF kill three in DR Congo". Newvision.co.ug. Retrieved 2014-05-19.