AD (band)

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Genres Christian rock
Years active 1983 (1983) - 1988 (1988)
Labels Sparrow, CBS Associated, Kerygma, Numavox
Associated acts Kansas, Proto-Kaw, Kerry Livgren
Past members Kerry Livgren
Dave Hope
Michael Gleason
Dennis Holt
Warren Ham

AD was a 1980s Christian rock band, featuring former Kansas members Kerry Livgren and Dave Hope, and former Bloodrock member Warren Ham sharing the lead vocal duties along with Michael Gleason.


Throughout the 1970s and into the early 1980s, Kerry Livgren had been guitarist, keyboardist, and principal composer for the successful rock band, Kansas. During his tenure with the group, he had explored numerous eastern religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism. These themes often appeared in the lyrics to songs on the early Kansas records such as Kansas, Song For America, and Masque.

Livgren's eventual conversion to Christianity in 1979, followed by that of bassist Dave Hope, created something of a rift in the band. The change of lyrical direction turned out to be the last straw for original lead singer Steve Walsh, who left to form the band Streets in 1981.

After numerous auditions, John Elefante was hired as Walsh's replacement, but hopefuls Warren Ham and Michael Gleason left an impression on Livgren, who was in the process of writing material for a second solo album for CBS Records. Instead of using different musicians for each song as he had done on 1980's Seeds of Change, he put together a single group consisting of himself, Hope, Ham, Gleason, and drummer Dennis Holt.

A New Band[edit]

During sessions for the album, dubbed Time Line, it became apparent that the players shared many interests, not the least of which was their Christian faith. After years of feeling isolated and artistically stifled in Kansas, Livgren found working with fellow Christians refreshing and began discussing with Hope the possibility of leaving Kansas and forming a new band.

Time Line was released in 1984 and credited to Kerry Livgren/AD. It received virtually no promotion from the record label who probably saw the side project as a threat to the continued success of Kansas. Livgren and Hope found themselves legally tied to their former band and had to get special permission from CBS to record future projects with AD for the "religious marketplace". It had never been Livgren's intention to start a "Christian rock band" but it appeared to be the only path available.

Spring of 1985 saw the release of their second album, Art of the State, this time on Livgren's own Christian label Kerygma Records (distributed by Sparrow Records) and the first credited to the band name AD. The group began touring, but were quickly discouraged by a lack of professionalism in the Christian venues. After the tour, Warren Ham left the band, and the remaining four members decided to produce one more album before ending AD. Michael Gleason was left to handle the lead vocals alone on the next album, appropriately titled Reconstructions.

One Last Album[edit]

Although they had been disbanded for three years, Kerry Livgren and Warren Ham put together one more album to pay off band bills, with the band name reverting to Kerry Livgren/AD. Released in 1988, Prime Mover was composed mostly of leftover songs from the band's previous albums.

In the late 1990s Livgren re-released Art of the State on his new independent record label, Numavox Records. Partially re-recorded versions of Reconstructions and Prime Mover followed along with AD Live, a sound board recording taken from the Art of the State tour.


  • Time Line (1984, credited to Kerry Livgren/AD)
  • Art of the State (1985, credited to AD)
  • Reconstructions (1987, credited to AD)
  • Prime Mover (1988, credited to Kerry Livgren/AD)
  • Reconstructions Reconstructed (1997, credited to Kerry Livgren/AD)
  • Prime Mover II (1998, credited to Kerry Livgren)

External links[edit]