AEC Matador

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AEC O853 Matador
Ruinedcaenconvoy.jpg
AEC matador tows 3.7 inch gun, Caen, 7 August 1944.
Type Medium artillery tractor
Place of origin  United Kingdom
Production history
Manufacturer AEC Motors
Produced 1938-1953
Specifications
Weight 7.75 tons
Length 20 ft 10 in
Width 7 ft 10 in
Height 9 ft 7 in
Crew 1

Armour none
Engine AEC 7.6 litre diesel
95 hp
Payload capacity 10-ton
Suspension Wheel, 4 x 4
Speed 30 mph
AEC 854 refueling an Avro Lancaster, 1944

The AEC Matador was an artillery tractor built by the Associated Equipment Company for British and Commonwealth forces during the Second World War. AEC had already built a 4 x 2 lorry, also known as the Matador (all AEC lorries received 'M' names).

Description[edit]

The Matador was distinctive with its flat fronted cab with gently curved roof, wheels at the corners and a flat load carrying area covered by a canvas or tarpaulin tilt. The cab was made from ash and clad in steel. It was equipped with a winch (7-ton load in its case) like all artillery tractors. The O853 provided the basis for the 'Dorchester' armoured command vehicle.

AEC also produced a larger 'Marshall' 6x6 vehicle (model O854) based on the 4x4 Matador which were generally, if not officially, also called Matador. The O854 also provided the basis for an armoured command vehicle, the O857.

Service[edit]

AEC Matador medium artillery tractor, Imperial War Museum Duxford

About 9,000 Matadors were built, some going to the Royal Air Force (RAF).

For the British Army it fulfilled a role between field artillery tractors (FATs) such as the Morris C8 Quad, which towed smaller guns such as the 25 pdr gun-howitzer, and the Scammell Pioneer, used for towing the 7.2 inch howitzer. It was commonly used to tow the 5.5 inch medium gun and the QF 3.75 inch AA gun. The Matador was found to be a generally useful vehicle and was adapted for other roles including carrying a 25 pdr gun.[1]

The RAF used Matadors in the flat bed form for load carrying. The 6-wheeler Matador Type A was used as a refuelling tanker, capable of carrying 2,500 Imperial gallons of fuel and also for towing ashore Short Sunderland flying boats at their stations.

In 1942/43 for the North African campaign some Matadors mounted the 6 pounder anti-tank gun to give the AEC Mk1 Gun Carrier "Deacon".

The Canadian Army used the Matador during the Second World War.

Post war the Matador was found in civilian use as a recovery truck, a showmans vehicle, and general contractor use. It was also useful for forestry work because of its good off-road performance.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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