AFC Asian Cup

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For other uses, see Asia cup (disambiguation).
AFC Asian Cup
Founded 1956
Region Asia (AFC)
Number of teams 16
Current champions  Japan
(4th Title)
Most successful team(s)  Japan (4 Titles)
2015 AFC Asian Cup

The AFC Asian Cup is an international association football tournament run by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC). It is the second oldest continental football championship in the world after Copa América. The winning team becomes the champion of Asia and automatically qualifies for the FIFA Confederations Cup.

The Asian Cup was held once every four years from the 1956 edition in Hong Kong until the 2004 tournament in Mainland China. However, since the Summer Olympic Games and the European Football Championship were also scheduled in the same year as the Asian Cup, the AFC decided to move their championship to a less crowded cycle. After 2004, the tournament was next held in 2007 when it was co-hosted by four nations: Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. Thereafter, it has been held every four years.

The Asian Cup has generally been dominated by a small number of top teams. Initially successful teams included South Korea and Iran. Since 1984 Japan and Saudi Arabia have been the most successful teams, winning 7 of the previous 8 Finals. Other teams which have achieved success at times include Iraq, Israel and Kuwait.

Australia joined the Asian confederation in 2007, and will host the Asian Cup finals in 2015.[1] The 2019 tournament will be expanded from 16 teams to 24 teams, with the qualifying process doubling as part of the qualification for the 2018 FIFA World Cup.[2][3]

Results[edit]

Summaries[edit]

Note: (RR) = played as round-robin format

Year Host Final Third Place Match Number of teams
Champions Score Runners-Up Third Place Score Fourth Place
1956
Details
 Hong Kong
South Korea
1
Israel

Hong Kong
1
South Vietnam
4
1960
Details
 South Korea
South Korea
1
Israel

Republic of China
1
South Vietnam
4
1964
Details
 Israel
Israel
1
India

South Korea
1
Hong Kong
4
1968
Details
 Iran
Iran
1
Burma

Israel
1
Republic of China
5
1972
Details
 Thailand
Iran
2–1 aet
South Korea

Thailand
2–2 aet
(5–3) pen

Khmer Republic
6
1976
Details
 Iran
Iran
1–0
Kuwait

China PR
1–0
Iraq
6
1980
Details
 Kuwait
Kuwait
3–0
South Korea

Iran
3–0
North Korea
10
1984
Details
 Singapore
Saudi Arabia
2–0
China PR

Kuwait
1–1
(5–3) pen

Iran
10
1988
Details
 Qatar
Saudi Arabia
0–0 aet
(4–3) pen

South Korea

Iran
0–0 aet
(3–0) pen

China PR
10
1992
Details
 Japan
Japan
1–0
Saudi Arabia

China PR
1–1
(4–3) pen

United Arab Emirates
8
1996
Details
 UAE
Saudi Arabia
0–0 aet
(4–2) pen

United Arab Emirates

Iran
1–1
(3–2) pen

Kuwait
12
2000
Details
 Lebanon
Japan
1–0
Saudi Arabia

South Korea
1–0
China PR
12
2004
Details
 China
Japan
3–1
China PR

Iran
4–2
Bahrain
16
2007
Details
 Indonesia
 Malaysia
 Thailand
 Vietnam

Iraq
1–0
Saudi Arabia

South Korea
0–0 aet
(6–5) pen

Japan
16
2011
Details
 Qatar
Japan
1–0 aet
Australia

South Korea
3–2
Uzbekistan
16
2015
Details
 Australia To be played To be played 16
2019
Details
To be played To be played 24
  1. ^ Round-robin tournament.

Teams reaching the top four[edit]

Team Winners Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place
 Japan 4 (1992*, 2000, 2004, 2011) 1 (2007)
 Saudi Arabia 3 (1984, 1988, 1996) 3 (1992, 2000, 2007)
 Iran 3 (1968*, 1972, 1976*) 4 (1980, 1988, 1996, 2004) 1 (1984)
 South Korea 2 (1956, 1960*) 3 (1972, 1980, 1988) 4 (1964,2000, 2007, 2011)
 Israel1 1 (1964*) 2 (1956, 1960) 1 (1968)
 Kuwait 1 (1980*) 1 (1976) 1 (1984) 1 (1996) –
 Iraq 1 (2007) 1 (1976)
 China PR 2 (1984, 2004*) 2 (1976, 1992) 2 (1988, 2000)
 United Arab Emirates 1 (1996*) 1 (1992)
 India 1 (1964)
 Myanmar 1 (1968)
 Australia 1 (2011)
 Hong Kong 1 (1956*) 1 (1964)
 Taiwan 1 (1960) 1 (1968)
 Thailand 1 (1972*)
 South Vietnam 2 (1956, 1960)
 Cambodia 1 (1972)
 North Korea 1 (1980)
 Bahrain 1 (2004)
 Uzbekistan 1 (2011)
* hosts
1 Israel was expelled from the AFC in the early 1970s[4] and eventually became a member of UEFA.

Results of host nations[edit]

Year Host nation Finish
1956  Hong Kong Third Place
1960  South Korea Champions
1964  Israel Champions
1968  Iran Champions
1972  Thailand Third Place
1976  Iran Champions
1980  Kuwait Champions
1984  Singapore Group Stage
1988  Qatar Group Stage
1992  Japan Champions
1996  United Arab Emirates Runners-up
2000  Lebanon Group Stage
2004  China PR Runners-up
2007  Vietnam Quarter-Final
 Indonesia Group Stage
 Thailand Group Stage
 Malaysia Group Stage
2011  Qatar Quarter-Final
2015  Australia TBD

Results of defending champions[edit]

Year Defending champions Finish
1960  South Korea Champions
1964  South Korea Third Place
1968  Israel Third Place
1972  Iran Champions
1976  Iran Champions
1980  Iran Third Place
1984  Kuwait Third Place
1988  Saudi Arabia Champions
1992  Saudi Arabia Runners-up
1996  Japan Quarter-Final
2000  Saudi Arabia Runners-up
2004  Japan Champions
2007  Japan Fourth Place
2011  Iraq Quarter-Final
2015  Japan TBD

Awards[edit]

Player of the Tournament[edit]

Year Player
1972 Iran Ebrahim Ashtiani
1976 Iran Ali Parvin
1980 No Award
1984 China Jia Xiuquan
1988 South Korea Kim Joo-Sung
1992 Japan Kazuyoshi Miura
1996 Iran Khodadad Azizi
2000 Japan Hiroshi Nanami
2004 Japan Shunsuke Nakamura
2007 Iraq Younis Mahmoud
2011 Japan Keisuke Honda

Top scorers[edit]

Year Player Goals
1956 Israel Nahum Stelmach 4
1960 South Korea Cho Yoon-Ok 4
1964 India Inder Singh
Israel Mordechai Spiegler
2
1968 Iran Homayoun Behzadi
Israel Moshe Romano
Israel Giora Spiegel
4
1972 Iran Hossein Kalani 5
1976 Iran Gholam Hossein Mazloumi
Iran Nasser Nouraei
Kuwait Fatehi Kamil
3
1980 Iran Behtash Fariba
South Korea Choi Soon-Ho
7
1984 China Jia Xiuquan
Iran Shahrokh Bayani
Iran Nasser Mohammadkhani
3
1988 South Korea Lee Tae-Ho 3
1992 Saudi Arabia Fahad Al-Bishi 3
1996 Iran Ali Daei 8
2000 South Korea Lee Dong-Gook 6
2004 Bahrain A'ala Hubail
Iran Ali Karimi
5
2007 Iraq Younis Mahmoud
Japan Naohiro Takahara
Saudi Arabia Yasser Al-Qahtani
4
2011 South Korea Koo Ja-Cheol 5

Fair Play Awards[edit]

Year Nations
1984  China PR
1996  Iran
2000  Saudi Arabia
2004  China PR
2007  Japan
2011  South Korea

Records and statistics[edit]

Overall top goalscorers[edit]

Goals Scorers
14 Iran Ali Daei
10 South Korea Lee Dong-Gook
9 Japan Naohiro Takahara
8 Kuwait Jassem Al-Houwaidi
7 Iran Behtash Fariba, Iran Hossein Kalani, South Korea Choi Soon-Ho, Kuwait Faisal Al-Dakhil
6 Iraq Younis Mahmoud, Saudi Arabia Yasser Al-Qahtani, Uzbekistan Alexander Geynrikh
5 Bahrain A'ala Hubail, Bahrain Ismael Abdullatif, Iran Ali Karimi, Iran Ali Jabbari, Japan Akinori Nishizawa, South Korea Woo Sang-Kwon, South Korea Hwang Sun-Hong, South Korea Koo Ja-Cheol, Israel Nahum Stelmach, China Shao Jiayi

Hat-tricks[edit]

A hat-trick is achieved when the same player scores three or more goals in one match. Listed in chronological order.

Sequence
Player No. of
goals
Time of goals Representing Final
score
Opponent Tournament Round
1. Kalani, HosseinHossein Kalani 3 34', 70', 78'  Iran 3–0  Iraq 1972 Group stage
2. Jabbari, AliAli Jabbari 3 80', 86', 88'  Iran 3–2  Thailand 1972 Group stage
3. Mazloumi, Gholam HosseinGholam Hossein Mazloumi 3 63', 74', 80'  Iran 8–0  South Yemen 1976 Group stage
4. Fariba, BehtashBehtash Fariba 4 11', 34', 80', 82'  Iran 7–0  Bangladesh 1980 Group stage
5. Soon-Ho, ChoiChoi Soon-Ho 3 26', 53', 78'(P)  South Korea 4–1  United Arab Emirates 1980 Group stage
6. Xiangfu, ShenShen Xiangfu 3  China PR 6–0  Bangladesh 1980 Group stage
7. Yonglai, XuXu Yonglai 3  China PR 6–0  Bangladesh 1980 Group stage
8. Daei, AliAli Daei 4 66', 76', 83', 89'(P)  Iran 6–2  South Korea 1996 Quarter-finals
9. Nishizawa, AkinoriAkinori Nishizawa 3 14', 25', 49'  Japan 8–1  Uzbekistan 2000 Group stage
10. Takahara, NaohiroNaohiro Takahara 3 18', 20', 57'  Japan 8–1  Uzbekistan 2000 Group stage
11. Dong-Gook, LeeLee Dong-Gook 3 30', 76', 90+1'  South Korea 3–0  Indonesia 2000 Group stage
12. Al-Shalhoub, MohammadMohammad Al-Shalhoub 3 35', 78', 86'  Saudi Arabia 5–0  Uzbekistan 2000 Group stage
13. Karimi, AliAli Karimi 3 10', 20', 77'  Iran 4–3  South Korea 2004 Quarter-finals
14. Abdullatif, IsmaeelIsmaeel Abdullatif 4 16', 19', 35', 77'  Bahrain 5–2  India 2011 Group stage
15. Okazaki, ShinjiShinji Okazaki 3 8', 13', 80'  Japan 5–0  Saudi Arabia 2011 Group stage

Most tournaments appeared[edit]

The tabulated below is the players who had appeared more than three times in the history of tournament

Played Name Tournaments
4 Iran Mehdi Mahdavikia 1996, 2000, 2004, 2007
4 China Li Ming 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004
4 United Arab Emirates Adnan Al-Talyani 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996

AFC Asian Cup winning managers[edit]

Year Head coach Champions
1956 South Korea Lee Yoo-Hyung  South Korea
1960 South Korea Wui Hye-Deok  South Korea
1964 Israel Yosef Merimovich  Israel
1968 Iran Mahmoud Bayati  Iran
1972 Iran Mohammad Ranjbar  Iran
1976 Iran Heshmat Mohajerani  Iran
1980 Brazil Carlos Alberto Parreira  Kuwait
1984 Saudi Arabia Khalil Al-Zayani  Saudi Arabia
1988 Brazil Carlos Alberto Parreira  Saudi Arabia
1992 Netherlands Hans Ooft  Japan
1996 Portugal Nelo Vingada  Saudi Arabia
2000 France Philippe Troussier  Japan
2004 Brazil Zico  Japan
2007 Brazil Jorvan Vieira  Iraq
2011 Italy Alberto Zaccheroni  Japan

Score[edit]

Attendance[edit]

Year Host nation Mpd Total Att. Avg Att.
1992  Japan 16 316,496 19,781
1996  United Arab Emirates 26 398,008 15,308
2000  Lebanon 26 230,490 8,865
2004  China PR 32 1,020,050 31,877
2007  Vietnam
 Indonesia
 Thailand
 Malaysia
32 724,222 22,632
2011  Qatar 32 405,361 12,668

Participating nations[edit]

Team Hong Kong
1956
South Korea
1960
Israel
1964
Iran
1968
Thailand
1972
Iran
1976
Kuwait
1980
Singapore
1984
Qatar
1988
Japan
1992
United Arab Emirates
1996
Lebanon
2000
China
2004
Indonesia
Malaysia
Thailand
Vietnam
2007
Qatar
2011
Australia
2015
Years
 Australia QF 2nd q 3
 Bahrain GS 4th GS GS q 5
 Bangladesh GS 1
 Cambodia 4th 1
 China PR 3rd GS 2nd 4th 3rd QF 4th 2nd GS GS q 11
 Chinese Taipei 3rd 4th 2
 Hong Kong 3rd 4th 5th 3
 India 2nd GS GS 3
 Indonesia GS GS GS GS 4
 Iran 1st 1st 1st 3rd 4th 3rd GS 3rd QF 3rd QF QF q 13
 Iraq GS 4th QF QF QF 1st QF q 8
 Israel 2nd 2nd 1st 3rd 4
 Japan GS 1st QF 1st 1st 4th 1st q 8
 Jordan QF QF q 3
 Kuwait GS 2nd 1st 3rd GS 4th QF GS GS q 10
 Lebanon GS 1
 Malaysia GS GS GS 3
 Myanmar 2nd 1
 North Korea 4th GS GS q 4
 Oman GS GS q 3
 Palestine q 1
 Qatar GS GS GS GS QF GS GS QF q 9
 Saudi Arabia 1st 1st 2nd 1st 2nd GS 2nd GS q 9
 Singapore GS 1
 South Korea 1st 1st 3rd 2nd 2nd GS 2nd QF 3rd QF 3rd 3rd q 13
 South Vietnam 4th 4th 2
 South Yemen GS 1
 Syria GS GS GS GS GS 5
 Thailand 3rd GS GS GS GS GS 6
 Turkmenistan GS 1
 United Arab Emirates GS GS GS 4th 2nd GS GS GS q 9
 Uzbekistan GS GS QF QF 4th q 6
 Vietnam QF 1
Total 4 4 4 5 6 6 10 10 10 8 12 12 16 16 16 16
Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • QF – Quarter Finals
  • GS – Group stage
  • q – Qualified
  •     — Hosts


Map of best results

Debut of teams[edit]

Year Debutants Total
1956  South Korea
 Hong Kong
 South Vietnam
 Israel
4
1960  Chinese Taipei 1
1964  India 1
1968  Iran
 Myanmar
2
1972  Cambodia
 Iraq
 Kuwait
 Thailand
4
1976  South Yemen
 Malaysia
 China PR
3
1980  Bangladesh
 Malaysia
 North Korea
 Qatar
 Syria
 United Arab Emirates
6
1984  Saudi Arabia
 Singapore
2
1988  Bahrain
 Japan
2
1992 None 0
1996  Indonesia
 Uzbekistan
2
2000  Lebanon 1
2004  Jordan
 Oman
 Turkmenistan
3
2007  Australia
 Vietnam
2
2011 None 0
2015  Palestine 1

General Statistics[edit]

Team Part Pld W D L GF GA Dif Pts Avg GF Avg GA Avg Pts
 Iran 12 58 34 17 7 112 42 +70 119 9.33 3.41 9.92
 South Korea 12 56 27 16 13 92 60 +32 97 7.66 5.00 8.08
 Japan 7 37 21 11 5 72 37 +35 74 10.28 5.28 10.57
 Saudi Arabia 8 41 18 13 10 58 40 +18 67 7.25 5.00 8.37
 China PR 10 47 17 13 17 76 54 +22 64 7.60 5.40 6.40
 Kuwait 9 39 15 10 14 46 45 +1 55 5.11 5.00 6.11
 Iraq 7 29 11 6 12 30 33 -3 39 4.28 4.71 5.57
 United Arab Emirates 8 32 9 8 15 23 43 -20 35 2.87 5.37 4.37
 Uzbekistan 5 20 9 3 8 30 39 -9 30 6.00 7.80 6.00
 Qatar 8 29 6 11 12 31 39 -8 29 3.87 4.87 3.62
 Israel 4 13 9 0 4 28 15 +13 27 7.00 3.75 6.75
 Syria 5 18 7 2 9 15 23 -8 23 3.00 4.60 4.60
 Australia 2 10 5 3 2 20 7 +13 18 10.00 3.50 9.00
 Bahrain 4 16 3 5 8 23 29 -6 14 5.75 7.25 3.50
 Jordan 2 8 3 4 1 8 5 +3 13 3.00 3.00 6.50
 North Korea 3 12 3 2 7 12 19 -7 11 4.00 6.33 3.66
 Thailand 6 20 1 8 11 15 45 -30 11 2.50 7.50 1.83
 Indonesia 4 12 2 2 8 10 28 -18 8 2.50 7.00 2.00
 Myanmar 1 4 2 1 1 5 4 +1 7 5.00 4.00 7.00
 India 3 10 2 1 7 8 23 -15 7 2.66 7.66 2.33
 Oman 2 6 1 3 2 5 6 -1 6 2.50 3.00 3.00
 Malaysia 3 9 1 3 5 7 20 -13 6 2.33 6.67 2.00
 Chinese Taipei 2 7 1 2 4 5 12 -7 5 2.50 6.00 2.50
 Singapore 1 4 1 1 2 3 4 -1 4 3.00 4.00 4.00
 Vietnam 1 4 1 1 2 4 7 -3 4 4.00 7.00 4.00
 Cambodia 1 5 1 1 3 8 10 -2 4 8.00 10.00 4.00
 Hong Kong 3 10 0 3 7 9 23 -14 3 3.00 7.67 1.00
 Lebanon 1 3 0 2 1 3 7 -4 2 3.00 7.00 2.00
 Turkmenistan 1 3 0 1 2 4 6 -2 1 4.00 6.00 1.00
 South Vietnam 2 6 0 1 5 8 21 -13 1 4.00 10.50 0.50
 South Yemen 1 2 0 0 2 0 9 -9 0 0.00 9.00 0.00
 Bangladesh 1 4 0 0 4 2 17 -15 0 2.00 17.00 0.00
  • Iran holds most Asian Cup statistical records : most games played (58 followed by South Korea,56), most games won (34, followed by South Korea, 27), most goals scored (112, followed by South Korea, 92), best goal difference (+70, followed by Japan, +35). Japan holds records of most Asian Cup titles (4),Iran shares records most Asian Cup final competition participation (12) with South Korea.South Korea holds records of most semi final appearance (9),while Saudi Arabia holds record of finals played (6 followed by South Korea 5, Japan 4 and Iran 3).

Unlike other confederation tournaments, the Asian Cup has often been rescheduled to another time of year to better suit the climate of the host nation.

References and footnotes[edit]

External links[edit]