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AGA was a German automobile manufacturer, founded in 1915 as " Autogen-Gas-Akkumulator-AG" ("Oxyacetylene Gas Accumulator AG"), mass-producing gun components during the war. The company produced automobiles in Berlin from 1919 to 1929. It underwent a name change in May 1920, becoming the rather unimaginatively named "Aktiengesellschaft fuer Automobilbau" ("AGA"), and was acquired in 1922 by the Hugo Stinnes group of companies.
The first car, the Typ A of 1919 had a 1418 cc four-cylinder engine driving the rear wheels through a three speed manual transmission. The more successful Typ C followed in 1921 with the same configuration and engine but tuned to give a maximum of 20 PS (15 kW; 20 hp) in place of the earlier car's 16 PS (12 kW; 16 hp). The car was without much obvious technical ambition, but it was inexpensive for its size and robust, becoming popular especially with small business owners despite its dire brakes. In several cities, including Berlin and Breslau, it was for some time the most popular car for use as a taxi.
After the death of Stinnes it became apparent that the company's best days were behind it as AGA ran into cash flow difficulties which ended in bankruptcy at the end of 1925. A post bankruptcy business, Aga Fahrzeugwerke GmbH modernised the Typ C, extending the wheelbase from 2,550 mm (100 in) to 2,780 mm (109 in), increasing the power persuaded from the 1418 cc engine to 24 PS (18 kW; 24 hp), and even fitting four wheel brakes.
There were plans for a small 850cc car to be built under licence from Singer as well as for a 45 PS (33 kW; 44 hp) six-cylinder model, but these never reached the production stage. From 1926, production had been severely curtailed and it ended in 1929. By that time there must have been at least 15,000 AGA cars produced.
The Swedish Thulin company made AGA cars under licence between 1920 and 1924.
- Media related to AGA vehicles at Wikimedia Commons
- Oswald, Werner (2001). Deutsche Autos 1920-1945, Band (vol) 2 (in German). Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-613-02170-6.
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