Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women championships
The Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women was founded in 1971 to govern collegiate women’s athletics and to administer national championships. During its existence, the AIAW and its predecessor, the Division for Girls' and Women's Sports (DGWS), recognized via these championships the teams and individuals who excelled at the highest level of women's collegiate competition.
After the 1981–82 academic year, the AIAW discontinued sponsorship of national championships and later was legally dissolved. At this time, the NCAA assumed sole sanctioning authority of its member schools' women's sports programs.
- 1 Governing bodies of women's collegiate athletics through 1982
- 2 Badminton
- 3 Basketball
- 4 Bowling
- 5 Cross Country
- 6 Fencing
- 7 Field Hockey
- 8 Golf
- 9 Gymnastics
- 10 Lacrosse
- 11 Rowing
- 12 Skiing
- 13 Soccer
- 14 Fastpitch Softball
- 15 Slowpitch Softball
- 16 Swimming and Diving
- 17 Synchronized Swimming
- 18 Tennis
- 19 Indoor Track and Field
- 20 Outdoor Track and Field
- 21 Volleyball
- 22 Notes
- 23 Sources
Governing bodies of women's collegiate athletics through 1982
The Division of Girls and Women's Sports (DGWS), a division of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education and Recreation (AAHPER), was the first nationally recognized collegiate organization for women’s athletics and the forerunner of the AIAW. The Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (CIAW) operated under the auspices of the DGWS. The CIAW governed from 1966 until February, 1972, and conducted championships in eight sports.
During the 1972–73 season, the first full academic year of its operation, the AIAW offered its first eight national championships in the same eight sports (badminton, basketball, golf, gymnastics, softball, swimming & diving, track & field, and volleyball).
In years when small-college championships (Division II or III) were not contested, and in sports without divisions, there was open competition among eligible teams.
Except as noted below, the NCAA sponsored its first women's championship in each sport in the 1981–82 academic year. Individual athletic programs and, in some cases, individual teams within a program were permitted to choose to participate in either the AIAW or NCAA competitions (or both in a few instances). The NCAA has never sponsored championship competition in badminton, synchronized swimming, or slow-pitch softball.
Compilations of collegiate records by the NCAA, continuing into 2006, have ignored or segregated the contributions of AIAW athletes. Major college basketball's career women's scoring leader, Lynette Woodard of the University of Kansas, speaking on the exclusion of AIAW statistics, said, "Basketball doesn't just start with when the NCAA blessed it. And it's not about Jackie [Stiles, NCAA career scoring leader] and it's not about Lynette. It's about history. History is history."
AIAW championship 1973–82. Previously administered by the Division of Girls' and Women's Sports (DGWS).
After the last AIAW competition, collegiate badminton assumed the authority of its own national tournament committee in conjunction with the United States Badminton Association. The USBA continued the sponsorship of national collegiate championships from 1983. Wisconsin won in 1983. Arizona State won all ten titles from 1984 through 1993, when ASU dropped badminton.
Pre-NCAA statistics, based on AIAW Archives, Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries.
AIAW championship 1972–82. Previously administered by the Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (CIAW).
- 1969 West Chester (Pennsylvania) def. Western Carolina 65-39 (CIAW invitational tournament, six player format)
- 1970 Cal State-Fullerton def. West Chester 50-46 (CIAW invitational tournament, six player format)
- 1971 Mississippi State College for Women def. West Chester 57-55 (CIAW qualification tournament)
- 1972 Immaculata (Pennsylvania) def. West Chester 52-48
- 1973 Immaculata def. Queens (New York) 59-52
- 1974 Immaculata def. Mississippi State College for Women 68-53
- 1975 Delta State (Mississippi) def. Immaculata 90-81
- 1976 Delta State def. Immaculata 69-64
- 1977 Delta State def. LSU 68-55
- 1978 UCLA def. Maryland 90-74
- 1979 Old Dominion def. Louisiana Tech 75-65
- 1980 Old Dominion def. Tennessee 68-53
- 1981 Louisiana Tech def. Tennessee 79-59
- 1982 Rutgers def. Texas 83-77
- 1975 Phillips University (Oklahoma)
- 1976 Berry College (Georgia)
- 1977 Southeastern Louisiana
- 1978 High Point (North Carolina)
- 1979 South Carolina State
- 1980 University of Dayton
- 1981 William Penn College (Iowa)
- 1982 Francis Marion College (South Carolina)
- 1980 Worcester State College (Massachusetts)
- 1981 Wisconsin–La Crosse
- 1982 Concordia College (Minnesota)
- 1973 Mississippi Gulf Coast Junior College
- 1974 Anderson College (South Carolina)
- 1975 Anderson College
- 1976 Anderson College
- 1977 Anderson College
Non-AIAW National Collegiate Championships were administered from their inception in 1975 by the ABC/Women’s International Bowling Congress (now the US Bowling Congress).
- 1975 Wichita State
- 1976 San Jose State
- 1977 Wichita State
- 1978 Wichita State
- 1979 Penn State
- 1980 Erie Community College (New York)
- 1981 Arizona State
- 1982 Erie Community College (New York)
From 2004 through the present the NCAA has sponsored a women's team championship.
- 1975 Iowa State
- 1976 Iowa State
- 1977 Iowa State
- 1978 Iowa State
- 1979 North Carolina State
- 1980 North Carolina State
- 1981 Iowa State
AIAW championship 1980–82. Previously administered by the National Intercollegiate Women's Fencing Association. The IWFA became the National IWFA in 1964 and called for a National Championship.
- 1964 Paterson State (New Jersey)
- 1965 Paterson State
- 1966 Paterson State
- 1967 Cornell
- 1968 Cornell
- 1969 Cornell
- 1970 Hunter College (New York)
- 1971 NYU
- 1972 Cornell
- 1973 Cornell
- 1974 Cal State Fullerton
- 1975 San Jose State
- 1976 San Jose State
- 1977 San Jose State
- 1978 San Jose State
- 1979 San Jose State
The NIWFA has continued to sponsor national collegiate championships from 1983 through the present. From 1990 through the present the NCAA has sponsored a combined men's and women's team championship.
Co-sponsored 1975–78 by the United States Field Hockey Association (USFHA).
- 1975 West Chester (Pennsylvania) def. Ursinus (Pennsylvania) 2-1 (penalty strokes)
- 1976 West Chester def. Ursinus 2-0
- 1977 West Chester def. Ursinus 1-0
- 1978 West Chester def. Delaware 3-2
- 1979 Long Beach State def. Penn State 2-0
- 1980 Penn State def. California 2-1
- 1981 Penn State def. Temple (Pennsylvania) 5-1
- 1979 Southwest Missouri State def. Colgate (New York) 2-0
- 1980 La Salle (Pennsylvania) def. Southwest Missouri State 3-2
- 1981 Lock Haven (Pennsylvania) def. Syracuse 2-0
- 1979 Shippensburg (Pennsylvania) def. Franklin & Marshall (Pennsylvania) 1-0
- 1980 Gettysburg (Pennsylvania) def. Hartwick (New York) 1-0 (ps)
- 1981 Bloomsburg (Pennsylvania) def. Lynchburg (Virginia) 3-2
Prior to the era of the CIAW/AIAW, the DGWS also crowned an individual collegiate golf national champion from 1941 to 1965.
- 1966 Joyce Kazmierski, Michigan State (DGWS)
- 1967 Martha Wilkinson, Cal State Fullerton (DGWS)
- 1968 Gail Sykes, Odessa College (Texas) (DGWS)
- 1969 Jane Bastanchury, Arizona State (DGWS)
- 1970 Cathy Vaughan, Arizona State (DGWS)
- 1971 Shelley Hamlin, Stanford (DGWS)
- 1972 Ann Laughlin, Miami
- 1973 Bonnie Lauer, Michigan State
- 1974 Mary Budke, Oregon State
- 1975 Barbara Barrow, San Diego State and Deborah Simourian, Wheaton College (Massachusetts)
- 1976 Nancy Lopez, Tulsa
- 1977 Cathy Morse, Miami
- 1978 Debbie Petrizzi, Texas
- 1979 Kyle O'Brien, SMU
- 1980 Patty Sheehan, San Jose State
- 1981 Terri Moody, Georgia
- 1982 Kathy Baker, Tulsa
- 1969 Springfield College (Massachusetts) (DGWS)
- 1970 Southern Illinois (DGWS)
- 1971 Springfield College (DGWS)
- 1972 Springfield College (DGWS)
- 1973 Massachusetts
- 1974 Southern Illinois
- 1975 Southern Illinois
- 1976 Clarion State (Pennsylvania)
- 1977 Clarion State
- 1978 Penn State
- 1979 Cal State Fullerton
- 1980 Penn State
- 1981 University of Utah
- 1982 Florida
AIAW championship 1981–82. Administered 1978—80 by the United States Women's Lacrosse Association (USWLA).
- 1978 Penn State def. Maryland 9-3
- 1979 Penn State def. Massachusetts 8-5
- 1980 Penn State def. Maryland 3-1
- 1981 Maryland def. Ursinus 5-4
- 1982 Temple (Pennsylvania) def. Maryland 3-2
Only AIAW championship was in 1982. The National Women's Rowing Association (NWRA) sponsored an annual open eights national championship from 1971 to 1979, among college and non-college teams. (There were no eights prior to 1971.) During this period, only in 1973 and 1975 did a college team win the national eights championship outright. According to USRowing, contemporary news reports in 1976 and 1977 do not mention a national collegiate title. Beginning in 1980, the NWRA sponsored the Women's Collegiate National Championship in varsity eights.
NWRA Open Eights top college finishers, 1971–1979 (champion in parentheses):
- 1971 Washington (first place: Vesper Boat Club)
- 1972 Washington (first place: College Boat Club)
- 1973 Radcliffe (NWRA open champion)
- 1974 Radcliffe (first place: Vesper Boat Club)
- 1975 Wisconsin (NWRA open champion)
- 1976 Wisconsin (first place: College Boat Club)
- 1977 Wisconsin (first place: Vesper Boat Club)
- 1978 Wisconsin (first place: Burnaby Boat Club)
- 1979 Yale (first place: Burnaby BC)
National Collegiate Varsity Eight Champions, 1980–1982:
|1982 Rowing Event||Winner|
|Novice 8||Boston University|
|2nd Varsity 8||Washington|
- A medalist in the 1975 NWRA regatta stated that the 1975 regatta was the 10th annual national women's rowing championship, as emblazoned on t-shirts from the event.
- One citation from 1996 states, "(The Cal Women's Crew) in 1979 finished second in the U.S. National Collegiate Championships. ... The 1980 Cal Women's Crew dominated the National Championships, ... They won the varsity eight, Cal's first ever varsity national championship in any women's sport."
- One citation from 1999 states, "1980. First Women’s Collegiate Rowing Championship held in Oak Ridge, TN."
- One citation from 2001 states, " Just seven years after its first race, the (Yale) women's team claimed its first national championship in 1979."
- After the last AIAW competition, the National Collegiate Rowing Championship was held from 1983 through 1996. Washington won the varsity eight in 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, and 1988. Wisconsin won in 1986. Cornell won in 1989. Princeton won in 1990, 1993, 1994 and 1995. Boston University won in 1991 and 1992. Brown won in 1996.
- From 1997 through the present the NCAA has sponsored the women's collegiate rowing championship.
- 1977 Dartmouth (New Hampshire)
- 1978 Utah
- 1979 Middlebury (Vermont)
- 1980 Middlebury
- 1981 Vermont
- 1982 Colorado
From 1983 through the present the NCAA has sponsored a combined men's and women's team championship.
The 1980 tournament was not officially sanctioned by the AIAW. North Carolina, Harvard, Texas A&M, UCLA, Cortland State, Northern Colorado and Colorado State participated. One reason for the tournament was to earn an official sanction for the sport, by complying with and fulfilling guidelines set forth by the AIAW.
From Fall 1982 through the present the NCAA has sponsored a women's championship.
From 1969 to 1981, the women's collegiate softball championship was also known as the Women's College World Series and was promoted as such. The Women's College World Series was played in Omaha, Nebraska.
AIAW championship 1973–82. Previously administered by the Amateur Softball Association and sanctioned by DGWS from 1969 to 1972. Co-sponsored by the AIAW and ASA through 1979.
- 1969 John F. Kennedy College (Nebraska) (DGWS)
- 1970 John F. Kennedy College (DGWS)
- 1971 John F. Kennedy College (DGWS)
- 1972 Arizona State (DGWS)
- 1973 Arizona State
- 1974 Southwest Missouri State
- 1975 Omaha
- 1976 Michigan State
- 1977 Northern Iowa
- 1978 UCLA
- 1979 Texas Woman's
- 1980 Utah State
- 1981 Utah State
- 1982 Texas A&M
After the last AIAW competition, a collegiate national championship in slow-pitch softball was held in 1983. The University of South Florida won. It appears that most of the college women's slow-pitch teams at that time were from Florida and North Carolina.
- 1968 Arizona State (DGWS)
- 1969 Arizona State (DGWS)
- 1970 Arizona State (DGWS)
- 1971 Arizona State (DGWS)
- 1972 West Chester State (Pennsylvania) (DGWS)
- 1973 Arizona State
- 1974 Arizona State
- 1975 Miami
- 1976 Miami
- 1977 Arizona State
- 1978 Arizona State
- 1979 Florida
- 1980 Stanford
- 1981 Texas
- 1982 Texas
- 1977 Clarion State (Pennsylvania)
- 1978 Clarion State
- 1979 Nevada-Reno
- 1980 Clarion State
- 1981 Clarion State
- 1982 Clarion State
- 1977 Ohio State
- 1978 Ohio State
- 1979 Ohio State
- 1980 Ohio State, Arizona (tie)
- 1981 Arizona
- 1982 Ohio State
United States Synchronized Swimming has continued to sponsor national collegiate championships from 1983 through the present. From 1983 through 2004, Ohio State won 19 of the 22 titles. Arizona won in 1984. Stanford won in 1998, 1999, and 2005 through 2008. Ohio State won in 2009 through 2012.
AIAW championship 1977–82. Team championships were also bestowed from 1968 to 1979 by the United States Lawn Tennis Association (USLTA). From 1958 to 1979, the USLTA also crowned individual collegiate national champions in singles and doubles. (The 1979 USLTA team award appears to have been based on the AIAW results.)
- 1977 Tennessee-Chattanooga
- 1978 Tennessee-Chattanooga
- 1979 Tennessee-Chattanooga
- 1980 Cal Poly-Pomona
- 1981 Cal Poly-Pomona
- 1982 Richmond
Indoor Track and Field
From 1983 through the present the NCAA has sponsored a women's team championship.
Outdoor Track and Field
AIAW championship 1972–82. The first National Intercollegiate Track and Field Championship was sponsored by DGWS in the spring of 1969.
AIAW championship 1973–82. Previously administered by the Division of Girls' and Women's Sports (DGWS).
- 1969–70 Sul Ross State (Texas) def. UCLA (DGWS)
- 1970–71 Sul Ross State (Texas) def. Long Beach State (DGWS)
- 1971–72 UCLA def. Long Beach State (DGWS)
- 1972–73 Long Beach State def. Brigham Young
- 1973 Long Beach State def. Texas Woman's
- 1974 UCLA def. Hawaiʻi
- 1975 UCLA def. Hawaiʻi
- 1976 USC def. UCLA
- 1977 USC def. Hawaiʻi
- 1978 Utah State def. UCLA
- 1979 Hawaiʻi def. Utah State
- 1980 USC def. Pacific
- 1981 Texas def. Portland State
- 1975 Texas Lutheran
- 1976 Texas Lutheran
- 1977 UC Riverside
- 1978 Florida Technological University
- 1979 Hawaiʻi-Hilo
- 1980 Cal State Northridge
- 1981 Hawaiʻi-Hilo
- 1974 Eastern Arizona College
- 1975 Ricks College (Idaho)
- 1976 Mesa Community College (Arizona)
- 1977 Santa Ana College (California)
- Su, Mila Chin Ying (May 2002). "Collegiate Women's Sports and a Guide to Collecting and Identifying Archival Materials". The Pennsylvania State University. p. 99. Retrieved 2009-11-07.
- Hartsock, Andrew (March 3, 2001). "Woodard wants place in college record book / NCAA doesn't recognize AIAW accomplishments". KUsports.com. Lawrence Journal-World.
- Blomenberg, Jennifer, ed. (November, 2006). "Official 2007 NCAA Women’s Basketball Records Book". NCAA.org. National Collegiate Athletic Association. p. 18.
- "2005 Women's Outdoor Track and Field Championships Records". NCAA.org. National Collegiate Athletic Association. 2005.
- "Pre-NCAA Statistical Leaders and AIAW Results". NCAA. Retrieved 2012-10-31.
- "Private email from USRowing Communications Director, January 10, 2006, Indianapolis, Indiana".
- "Private email from SUNY Cortland Sports Information Director, March 23, 2009, Cortland, New York".
- Mary L. Littlewood (1998). Women's Fastpitch Softball - The Path to the Gold, An Historical Look at Women's Fastpitch in the United States (first ed.). National Fastpitch Coaches Association, Columbia, Missouri. pp. 145, 208. ISBN 0-9664310-0-6.
- "Arizona State Sports Hall Of Fame Inductees - Women's Swimming". Retrieved 2011-05-17.
- "Individual National Champions By Year". Retrieved 2011-05-17.
- "Arizona State Swimming History". Retrieved 2011-05-17.
- "USTA supporting women’s collegiate tennis for nearly half a century".
- "2008 USTA Yearbook - USTA Awards (Women’s National Collegiate Awards)". Retrieved 2009-12-09.
- Official USLTA Yearbook 1975. Lynn, Mass.: H. O. Zimman, Inc. 1975. p. 307.
- "Trinity University 2008-2009 Women’s Tennis Media Guide". p. 14. Retrieved 2009-12-10.
- "2004 USC Women's Tennis Media Guide". p. 22. Retrieved 2009-12-11.
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (August 2013)|
- Archives of the Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW), Special Collections, University of Maryland Libraries
- Virginia Hunt, "Governance of Women's Intercollegiate Athletics: an Historical Perspective," (Doctoral Dissertation, University of North Carolina - Greensboro, 1976), Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms (1977), 1-319
- Suzanne Willey, "The Governance of Women's Intercollegiate Athletics: Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW), 1976–1982," (Thesis (P.E.D.), Indiana University, 1996), Eugene, Oregon: Microform Publications (1997), 1-351
- USA Field Hockey
- Women's Basketball Timeline 1890’s-Present (pdf)
- Women's College Basketball Championship History Page (Archived 2009-10-24)
- USBC, Intercollegiate Team Championships
- NIFWA Team Champions
- Intercollegiate Tennis Association - The Milestones in Women's Collegiate Tennis
- The History of UCLA Women's Volleyball
- UW Women's Sports History, 1974–2004 (pdf-large)
- Trinity University Campus Spotlight, "Former Sports Standouts to be Inducted Into Trinity’s Athletic Hall of Fame"
- Long Beach Press-Telegram,"It All Started in Long Beach," 12/15/2004
- Bio: Marilyn Nolen: Women's Volleyball
- Cougar Volleyball 99 (pdf-large)
- McPherson College Hall of Fame 2004, Kathy Rogers Yoder
- BRO Forums, "UCLA: 97 NCAA titles and counting...." (Caution: before referencing, confirm a second source)
- TWU Athletics Hall Of Fame Committee Seeks Nominations For 2006 Induction
- Texas Woman's University Athletics Hall of Fame Class of 2002
- "The Institutionalization of a Gender Biased Sport Value System," Everhart & Pemberton, Winter, 2001
- Northern Illinois University Athletics Hall of Fame
- History of Synchronized Swimming in the U.S.
- Buckeye Champions
- SMS softball recognizes 1974 national championship team 30th anniversary
- 2005 Sacramento State Hornets Softball Media Guide (pdf-large)
- “10 Most Memorable Moments in UNO Sports History”
- USTA supporting women’s collegiate tennis for nearly half a century
- Alabama Women's Golf 2003-04, page 7 (pdf-large)
- "Nearly 150 years old, Yale crew embodies spirit of Eli sports," May 17, 2001
- California Golden Bears Women's Crew
- “A rowing legend moves on,” April 15, 1998
- "Proposal To Add Women’s Rowing As A Varsity Sport, University Of Colorado, Boulder"
- UCLA Bruins Traditions
- Rowing (From Alexander Leitch, A Princeton Companion, copyright Princeton University Press (1978))
- Men's & Women's Skiing Past Individual Champions
- Men's & Women's Fencing Past Champions
- "Stanford’s Inferno Too Hot for Bucks"
- Women's Bowling Past Champions
- Women's Soccer Past Champions
- Men's & Women's Track & Field Indoor Champions
- Seminole Softball 2004 Media Guide, p 66 (pdf-large)
- National Fastpitch Coaches Association
- Wisconsin Women's Rowing 2005–2006 Media Guide - History and Results (pdf)
- Princeton Women's Rowing Record Book (pdf)
- The History of ASU Badminton (pdf)
- Sun Devil Swimming & Diving Program History
- Cornell Big Red - On Campus in the Nineties
- Colorado College Women's Soccer History
- History of Penn State Women's Lacrosse (pdf)
- 2007 Maryland Women's Lacrosse Media Guide (pdf)
- Wisconsin Badgers Athletics: A pretty good decade so far, BadgerBeat.com