AK-103

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
AK-103
AK-103 Assault Rifle.JPG
The AK-103 assault rifle
Type Assault rifle
Place of origin Russia
Service history
In service Since 2001[1]
Used by See Users
Wars First Chechen War
Second Chechen War
2008 South Ossetia war
Libyan Civil War
Syrian Civil War
Production history
Designer Mikhail Kalashnikov
Designed 1994
Manufacturer Izhmash
Produced 1994
Number built 100,000+
Variants AK-104
Specifications
Weight 3.6 kg (7.9 lb) with empty magazine
Length 943 mm (37.1 in) stock extended / 705 mm (27.8 in) stock folded
Barrel length 415 mm (16.3 in)

Cartridge 7.62×39mm
Caliber 7.62mm
Action Gas operated, rotating bolt
Rate of fire 600 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity 715 m/s (2,346 ft/s)
Effective firing range 500 m (550 yd)
Feed system 30-round detachable box magazine
Sights Iron sights, with a dove tail side rail for mounting optical and night sights

The AK-103 assault rifle is a derivative of the AK-74M chambered for the 7.62×39mm M43 round, similar to the older AKM. The AK-103 can be fitted with a variety of sights, including night vision and telescopic sights, plus a knife-bayonet or a grenade launcher. It uses plastic components whenever possible instead of wood or metal.

Design details[edit]

AK-103 with the stock folded.
AK-103

Protective coatings ensure excellent corrosion resistance of metal parts. Forearm, magazine, butt stock and pistol grip are made of high strength plastic.[2]

The AK-104 is a compact version of the AK-103. It has a muzzle brake derived from the older AKS-74U combined with a shorter barrel. It is also chambered for 7.62×39mm ammunition.

Magazines[edit]

The early slab-sided steel AK-47 magazines weigh .43 kg (0.95 lb) empty.[3] The later steel AKM magazines had lighter sheet-metal bodies with prominent reinforcing ribs weighing .33 kg (0.73 lb) empty.[3][4] The current issue steel-reinforced plastic magazines are even lighter, weighing .25 kg (0.55 lb) empty.[5] Early steel AK-47 magazines are 9.75 inches long, and the later ribbed steel AKM and newer plastic magazines are about an inch shorter.[6][7]

Rifle Cartridge Cartridge weight Weight of empty magazine Weight of loaded magazine Max. 10.12 kg (22.3 lb) ammunition load*
AK-47 (1949) 7.62×39mm 16.3 g (252 gr) slab-sided steel
430 g (0.95 lb)
30-rounds
916 g (2.019 lb)[8]
11 magazines for 330 rounds
10.12 kg (22.3 lb)
AKM (1957) 7.62×39mm 16.3 g (252 gr) ribbed stamped-steel
330 g (0.73 lb)
30-rounds
819 g (1.806 lb)[4][9]
12 magazines for 360 rounds
9.84 kg (21.7 lb)
AK-103 (1994) 7.62×39mm 16.3 g (252 gr) steel-reinforced plastic
250 g (0.55 lb)
30-rounds
739 g (1.629 lb)[4][9]
13 magazines for 390 rounds
9.62 kg (21.2 lb)

Note: All, 7.62×39mm AK magazines are backwards compatible with older AK variants.
Note *: 10.12 kg (22.3 lb) is the maximum amount of ammo that the average soldier can comfortably carry... it also allows for best comparison of the three most common AK-47 magazines and the AK-74 magazine

Variants[edit]

AK-103-1[edit]

This is a semiautomatic version for the police and civilian market

AK-103-2[edit]

This has a three round burst feature in place of full automatic version for police and civilian market

AK-103N2[edit]

Has a mount for the 1PN58 night scope

AK-103N3[edit]

Has a mount for the 1PN51 night scope

AK-104[edit]

Carbine version of the AK-103

Users[edit]

  •  India: The Russian arms company Izhmash is negotiating to issue a license to an Indian private arms manufacturer to produce the AK-103.[10]
  •  Libya: Seen in the hands of anti-Gaddafi forces & loyalists in numerous photos. The rifles in use are the AK-103-2 version.[11][12]
  •  Russia: Used by various special police groups, spec ops groups and civilians.[13] It is also in limited service with the Russian Army.[14]
  •  Venezuela: Standard issue weapon of the Venezuelan Army.[15] Made under license by CAVIM with initial licensing fee payments made in 2006 with the transfer of Russian-made AK-103s to Venezuela in 2008.[16] CAVIM's AK-103 factories opened officially in 2012.[16][17] CAVIM-made AK-103s were delivered to the Venezuelan Army in 2013.[18]
  •  Pakistan: Used by Special Service Group Navy. [19]
  •  Vietnam: made in country as the STL-1A.[citation needed]
  •  Ethiopia:The Gafat Armament Engineering Complex produces the AK-103 rifle in Ethiopia. Supplements the AKM and AK-47 in the Ethiopian Armed Forces.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ """". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  2. ^ """". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Dockery, Kevin (2007). Future Weapons. p. 102. ISBN 0425217507.
  4. ^ a b c "Ak 47 Technical Description - Manual". Scribd.com. 2010-09-30. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  5. ^ Cite error: The named reference izhmash.ru was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ Rifle Evaluation Study, United States Army, Combat Development Command, ADA046961, 20 Dec 1962
  7. ^ "Are kalashnikov magazines as robust as their reputation? He tormented a selection of AR magazines last year, now he takes on the AK. The results you may find surprising.". Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  8. ^ Dockery, Kevin (2007). Future Weapons. p. 102. ISBN 0-425-21750-7. 
  9. ^ a b Dockery, Kevin (2007). Future Weapons. p. 102.
  10. ^ Pradeep Thakur (2008-02-18). "Latest Kalashnikovs to be made in India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2010-04-01. 
  11. ^ Bryan Chan; Luis Sinco (2011-03-04). "On the revolutionary road in Libya, Photo #4". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-04-01. 
  12. ^ "Update II: AK-103 Exports to Libya". Security Scholar. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  13. ^ "Modern Firearms". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  14. ^ "" """. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  15. ^ "Russia to build 2 Kalashnikov factories in Venezuela by 2010 / Sputnik international". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  16. ^ a b John Pike. "Defense Industry". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  17. ^ Christopher Looft. "Venezuela Set to Mass Produce Kalashnikovs, Sniper Rifles". Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  18. ^ "Cavim inicia entrega de fusiles de asalto Kalashnikov AK-103 a la Fuerza Armada de Venezuela". Infodefensa.com. 3 June 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  19. ^ "Special Forces (Maritime) (Pakistan), Amphibious and special forces". Jane's Information Group. [dead link]

External links[edit]