Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award

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Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP)
A black circle with an octagonal silver plaque in the middle. The edge of the plaque reads "KENESAW MOUNTAIN LANDIS AWARD BASEBALL MEMORIAL". In the middle of the octagon is a baseball diamond which contains, from the top, a man's face in gold, "Most Valuable Player", the winner's league, his name in a gold rectangle, and his team.
The Most Valuable Player award
Awarded for Major League Baseball's Regular Season MVP
Country United States
Presented by Baseball Writers' Association of America
First awarded 1931
Currently held by Mike Trout, American League
Clayton Kershaw, National League

The Major League Baseball Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) is an annual Major League Baseball (MLB) award, given to one outstanding player in the American League and one in the National League. Since 1931, it has been awarded by the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA). The winners receive the Kenesaw Mountain Landis Memorial Baseball Award, which became the official name of the award in 1944,[1] in honor of the first MLB commissioner, who served from 1920 until his death on November 25, 1944.[1][2]

MVP voting takes place before the postseason, but the results are not announced until after the World Series. The BBWAA began by polling three writers in each league city in 1938, reducing that number to two per league city in 1961.[3] The BBWAA does not offer a clear-cut definition of what "most valuable" means, instead leaving the judgment to the individual voters.[4]

First basemen, with 34 winners, have won the most MVPs among infielders, followed by second basemen (16), third basemen (15), and shortstops (15). Of the 24 pitchers who have won the award, 15 are right-handed while 9 are left-handed. Walter Johnson, Carl Hubbell, and Hal Newhouser are the only pitchers who have won multiple times, Newhouser winning consecutively in 1944 and 1945.[5][6]

Hank Greenberg, Stan Musial, Alex Rodriguez, and Robin Yount have won at different positions,[5] while Rodriguez is the only player who has won the award with two different teams at two different positions.[7] Barry Bonds has won the most often (seven times) and the most consecutively (2001–04).[8] Jimmie Foxx was the first player to win multiple times;[8] 9 players have won three times, and 19 have won twice.[9] Frank Robinson is the only player to win the award in both the American and National Leagues.

The award's only tie occurred in the National League in 1979, when Keith Hernandez and Willie Stargell received an equal number of points.[5][10] There have been 17 unanimous winners, who received all the first-place votes.[3] The New York Yankees have the most winning players with 22, followed by the St. Louis Cardinals with 17 winners. The award has never been presented to a member of the following five teams: Arizona Diamondbacks, Miami Marlins, New York Mets, Tampa Bay Rays, and Washington Nationals. The most recent recipients are Mike Trout in the American League and Clayton Kershaw in the National League.

In recent decades, pitchers have rarely won the award. When Justin Verlander won the AL award in 2011, he became the first pitcher in either league to be named the MVP since Dennis Eckersley in 1992. Verlander also became the first starting pitcher to win this award since Roger Clemens had accomplished the feat in 1986.[11] The National League went even longer without an MVP award to a pitcher—after Bob Gibson won in 1968, no pitcher in that league was named MVP until Kershaw in 2014.[12]

Chalmers Award (1911–1914)[edit]

Ty Cobb looking just to the left of the camera.
Ty Cobb won the first American League Chalmers Award in 1911 and was at the center of the controversy over the previous season's award.

Before the 1910 season, Hugh Chalmers of Chalmers Automobile announced he would present a Chalmers Model 30 automobile to the player with the highest batting average in Major League Baseball at the end of the season. The 1910 race for best average in the American League was between the Detroit Tigers' widely disliked[3][13][14] Ty Cobb and Nap Lajoie of the Cleveland Indians. On the last day of the season, Lajoie overtook Cobb's batting average with seven bunt hits against the St. Louis Browns. American League President Ban Johnson said a recalculation showed that Cobb had won the race anyway, and Chalmers ended up awarding cars to both players.[3]

The following season, Chalmers created the Chalmers Award. A committee of baseball writers were to convene after the season to determine the "most important and useful player to the club and to the league". Since the award was not as effective at advertising as Chalmers had hoped, it was discontinued after 1914.[3]

Year American League winner Team Position National League winner Team Position Ref
1911 Ty Cobbdagger§ Detroit Tigers OF Frank Schulte Chicago Cubs OF [15]
1912 Tris Speakerdagger Boston Red Sox OF Larry Doyle New York Giants 2B [16]
1913 Walter Johnsondagger Washington Senators RHP Jake Daubert Brooklyn Dodgers 1B [17]
1914 Eddie Collinsdagger Philadelphia Athletics 2B Johnny Eversdagger Boston Braves 2B [18]

League Awards (1922–1929)[edit]

A man in full baseball attire wears a pinstriped jersey and a hat with overlapping white "N" and "Y". Looking to the left of the camera, he is holding a baseball upward.
Babe Ruth was ineligible for the award in his famous 1927 season by the rules of the American League award because he had previously won in 1923.

In 1922 the American League created a new award to honor "the baseball player who is of the greatest all-around service to his club".[19] Winners, voted on by a committee of eight baseball writers chaired by James Crusinberry,[20] received a bronze medal and a cash prize.[21] Voters were required to select one player from each team and player-coaches and prior award winners were ineligible. These flaws resulted in the award's being dropped after 1928. The National League award, without these restrictions, lasted from 1924 to 1929.[3]

Year American League winner Team Position National League winner Team Position Ref
1922 George Sislerdagger St. Louis Browns 1B [22]
1923 Babe Ruthdagger§ New York Yankees OF [23]
1924 Walter Johnsondagger (2) Washington Senators RHP Dazzy Vancedagger Brooklyn Robins RHP [24]
1925 Roger Peckinpaugh Washington Senators SS Rogers Hornsbydagger St. Louis Cardinals 2B [25]
1926 George Burns Cleveland Indians 1B Bob O'Farrell St. Louis Cardinals C [26]
1927 Lou Gehrigdagger New York Yankees 1B Paul Wanerdagger Pittsburgh Pirates OF [27]
1928 Mickey Cochranedagger Philadelphia Athletics C Jim Bottomleydagger St. Louis Cardinals 1B [28]
1929 Rogers Hornsbydagger (2) Chicago Cubs 2B [29]

Baseball Writers' Association of America's Most Valuable Player (1931–present)[edit]

The BBWAA first awarded the modern MVP after the 1931 season, adopting the format the National League used to distribute its league award. One writer in each city with a team filled out a ten-place ballot, with ten points for the recipient of a first-place vote, nine for a second-place vote, and so on. In 1938, the BBWAA raised the number of voters to three per city and gave 14 points for a first-place vote. The only significant change since then occurred in 1961, when the number of voters was reduced to two per league city.[3]

A man is pictured from his belt up looking to the left of the camera. His button-down baseball jersey says "RED SOX" across it and he is wearing a baseball hat with a "B".
Jimmie Foxx was the first player to win three MVP awards.
Hall of Famer and 2-time MVP, Hank Greenberg
Hall of Famer Sandy Koufax
The face of a dark-skinned man who is smiling widely. The letters "S" and "F" overlap on his hat.
Hall of Famer Willie Mays won the award in 1954 and 1965 with the same team in different cities.
An African-American man looks just right of the camera. His helmet and white jersey both have an orange "S" over "F" logo on them. The man's left arm is crossed over his body and his right is out of the picture. There is a black and orange glove on his left hand.
Barry Bonds' seven MVPs are the most for any individual player.
A Hispanic man walking while shouting at someone out of the picture. His helmet is emblazoned with a white "N" and "Y" intertwined, and "NEW YORK" is stitched in black letters across his button-down jersey. The player is holding a black baseball bat almost vertically with black, gray, and white gloves.
Alex Rodriguez won the award with two different teams at two different positions.
A right-handed batter is at the plate, looking toward the pitcher's mound. Wearing a red uniform and white pants, there is a crowd behind him with jerseys of various colors.
Albert Pujols won the award three times, all at first base with the St. Louis Cardinals.
Miguel Cabrera was the winner of back-to-back AL Awards from 2012-13.
Year American League winner Team Position National League winner Team Position Ref
1931 Grove, LeftyLefty Grove Philadelphia Athletics LHP Frisch, FrankieFrankie Frisch St. Louis Cardinals 2B [30]
1932 Foxx, JimmieJimmie Foxx Philadelphia Athletics 1B Chuck Klein Philadelphia Phillies OF [31]
1933 Jimmie Foxx (2) Philadelphia Athletics 1B Hubbell, CarlCarl Hubbell New York Giants LHP [32]
1934 Cochrane, MickeyMickey Cochrane (2) Detroit Tigers C Dean, DizzyDizzy Dean St. Louis Cardinals RHP [33]
1935 Greenberg, HankHank Greenberg†§ Detroit Tigers 1B Hartnett, GabbyGabby Hartnett Chicago Cubs C [34]
1936 Gehrig, LouLou Gehrig (2) New York Yankees 1B Hubbell, CarlCarl Hubbell†§ (2) New York Giants LHP [35]
1937 Gehringer, CharlieCharlie Gehringer Detroit Tigers 2B Medwick, JoeJoe Medwick St. Louis Cardinals OF [36]
1938 Foxx, JimmieJimmie Foxx (3) Boston Red Sox 1B Lombardi, ErnieErnie Lombardi Cincinnati Reds C [37]
1939 DiMaggio, JoeJoe DiMaggio New York Yankees OF Walters, BuckyBucky Walters Cincinnati Reds RHP [38]
1940 Greenberg, HankHank Greenberg (2) Detroit Tigers OF McCormick, FrankFrank McCormick Cincinnati Reds 1B [39]
1941 DiMaggio, JoeJoe DiMaggio (2) New York Yankees OF Camilli, DolphDolph Camilli Brooklyn Dodgers 1B [40]
1942 Gordon, JoeJoe Gordon New York Yankees 2B Cooper, MortMort Cooper St. Louis Cardinals RHP [41]
1943 Chandler, SpudSpud Chandler New York Yankees RHP Musial, StanStan Musial St. Louis Cardinals OF [42]
1944 Newhouser, HalHal Newhouser Detroit Tigers LHP Marion, MartyMarty Marion St. Louis Cardinals SS [43]
1945 Newhouser, HalHal Newhouser (2) Detroit Tigers LHP Cavarretta, PhilPhil Cavarretta Chicago Cubs 1B [44]
1946 Williams, TedTed Williams Boston Red Sox OF Musial, StanStan Musial (2) St. Louis Cardinals 1B [45]
1947 DiMaggio, JoeJoe DiMaggio (3) New York Yankees OF Elliott, BobBob Elliott Boston Braves 3B [46]
1948 Boudreau, LouLou Boudreau Cleveland Indians SS Musial, StanStan Musial (3) St. Louis Cardinals OF [47]
1949 Williams, TedTed Williams (2) Boston Red Sox OF Robinson, JackieJackie Robinson Brooklyn Dodgers 2B [48]
1950 Rizzuto, PhilPhil Rizzuto New York Yankees SS Konstanty, JimJim Konstanty Philadelphia Phillies RHP [49]
1951 Berra, YogiYogi Berra New York Yankees C Campanella, RoyRoy Campanella Brooklyn Dodgers C [50]
1952 Shantz, BobbyBobby Shantz Philadelphia Athletics LHP Sauer, HankHank Sauer Chicago Cubs OF [51]
1953 Rosen, AlAl Rosen§ Cleveland Indians 3B Campanella, RoyRoy Campanella (2) Brooklyn Dodgers C [52]
1954 Berra, YogiYogi Berra (2) New York Yankees C Mays, WillieWillie Mays New York Giants OF [53]
1955 Berra, YogiYogi Berra (3) New York Yankees C Campanella, RoyRoy Campanella (3) Brooklyn Dodgers C [54]
1956 Mantle, MickeyMickey Mantle†§ New York Yankees OF Newcombe, DonDon Newcombe Brooklyn Dodgers RHP [55]
1957 Mantle, MickeyMickey Mantle (2) New York Yankees OF Aaron, HankHank Aaron Milwaukee Braves OF [56]
1958 Jensen, JackieJackie Jensen Boston Red Sox OF Banks, ErnieErnie Banks Chicago Cubs SS [57]
1959 Fox, NellieNellie Fox Chicago White Sox 2B Banks, ErnieErnie Banks (2) Chicago Cubs SS [58]
1960 Maris, RogerRoger Maris New York Yankees OF Groat, DickDick Groat Pittsburgh Pirates SS [59]
1961 Maris, RogerRoger Maris (2) New York Yankees OF Robinson, FrankFrank Robinson†§ Cincinnati Reds OF [60]
1962 Mantle, MickeyMickey Mantle (3) New York Yankees OF Wills, MauryMaury Wills Los Angeles Dodgers SS [61]
1963 Howard, ElstonElston Howard New York Yankees C Koufax, SandySandy Koufax Los Angeles Dodgers LHP [62]
1964 Robinson, BrooksBrooks Robinson Baltimore Orioles 3B Boyer, KenKen Boyer St. Louis Cardinals 3B [63]
1965 Versalles, ZoiloZoilo Versalles Minnesota Twins SS Mays, WillieWillie Mays (2) San Francisco Giants OF [64]
1966 Robinson, FrankFrank Robinson†§ (2) Baltimore Orioles OF Clemente, RobertoRoberto Clemente Pittsburgh Pirates OF [65]
1967 Yastrzemski, CarlCarl Yastrzemski Boston Red Sox OF Cepeda, OrlandoOrlando Cepeda†§ St. Louis Cardinals 1B [66]
1968 McLain, DennyDenny McLain§ Detroit Tigers RHP Gibson, BobBob Gibson St. Louis Cardinals RHP [67]
1969 Killebrew, HarmonHarmon Killebrew Minnesota Twins 3B McCovey, WillieWillie McCovey San Francisco Giants 1B [68]
1970 Powell, BoogBoog Powell Baltimore Orioles 1B Bench, JohnnyJohnny Bench Cincinnati Reds C [69]
1971 Blue, VidaVida Blue Oakland Athletics LHP Torre, JoeJoe Torre[d] St. Louis Cardinals 3B [70]
1972 Allen, DickDick Allen Chicago White Sox 1B Bench, JohnnyJohnny Bench (2) Cincinnati Reds C [71]
1973 Jackson, ReggieReggie Jackson†§ Oakland Athletics OF Rose, PetePete Rose Cincinnati Reds OF [72]
1974 Burroughs, JeffJeff Burroughs Texas Rangers OF Garvey, SteveSteve Garvey Los Angeles Dodgers 1B [73]
1975 Lynn, FredFred Lynn Boston Red Sox OF Morgan, JoeJoe Morgan Cincinnati Reds 2B [74]
1976 Munson, ThurmanThurman Munson New York Yankees C Morgan, JoeJoe Morgan (2) Cincinnati Reds 2B [75]
1977 Carew, RodRod Carew Minnesota Twins 1B Foster, GeorgeGeorge Foster Cincinnati Reds OF [76]
1978 Rice, JimJim Rice Boston Red Sox OF Parker, DaveDave Parker Pittsburgh Pirates OF [77]
1979[c] Baylor, DonDon Baylor California Angels DH Hernandez, KeithKeith Hernandez St. Louis Cardinals 1B [10]
1979[c] Stargell, WillieWillie Stargell Pittsburgh Pirates 1B [10]
1980 Brett, GeorgeGeorge Brett Kansas City Royals 3B Schmidt, MikeMike Schmidt†§ Philadelphia Phillies 3B [78]
1981 Fingers, RollieRollie Fingers Milwaukee Brewers RHP Schmidt, MikeMike Schmidt (2) Philadelphia Phillies 3B [79]
1982 Yount, RobinRobin Yount Milwaukee Brewers SS Murphy, DaleDale Murphy Atlanta Braves OF [80]
1983 Ripken, Jr., CalCal Ripken, Jr. Baltimore Orioles SS Murphy, DaleDale Murphy (2) Atlanta Braves OF [81]
1984 Hernandez, WillieWillie Hernández Detroit Tigers LHP Sandberg, RyneRyne Sandberg Chicago Cubs 2B [82]
1985 Mattingly, DonDon Mattingly New York Yankees 1B McGee, WillieWillie McGee St. Louis Cardinals OF [83]
1986 Clemens, RogerRoger Clemens Boston Red Sox RHP Schmidt, MikeMike Schmidt (3) Philadelphia Phillies 3B [84]
1987 Bell, GeorgeGeorge Bell Toronto Blue Jays OF Dawson, AndreAndre Dawson Chicago Cubs OF [85]
1988 Canseco, JoseJose Canseco§ Oakland Athletics OF Gibson, KirkKirk Gibson Los Angeles Dodgers OF [86]
1989 Yount, RobinRobin Yount (2) Milwaukee Brewers OF Mitchell, KevinKevin Mitchell San Francisco Giants OF [87]
1990 Henderson, RickeyRickey Henderson Oakland Athletics OF Bonds, BarryBarry Bonds Pittsburgh Pirates OF [88]
1991 Ripken, Jr., CalCal Ripken, Jr. (2) Baltimore Orioles SS Pendleton, TerryTerry Pendleton Atlanta Braves 3B [89]
1992 Eckersley, DennisDennis Eckersley Oakland Athletics RHP Bonds, BarryBarry Bonds (2) Pittsburgh Pirates OF [90]
1993 Thomas, FrankFrank Thomas†§ Chicago White Sox 1B Bonds, BarryBarry Bonds (3) San Francisco Giants OF [91]
1994 Thomas, FrankFrank Thomas (2) Chicago White Sox 1B Bagwell, JeffJeff Bagwell§ Houston Astros 1B [92]
1995 Vaughn, MoMo Vaughn Boston Red Sox 1B Larkin, BarryBarry Larkin Cincinnati Reds SS [93]
1996 Gonzalez, JuanJuan González Texas Rangers OF Caminiti, KenKen Caminiti§ San Diego Padres 3B [94]
1997 Griffey, Jr., KenKen Griffey, Jr.§ Seattle Mariners OF Walker, LarryLarry Walker Colorado Rockies OF [95]
1998 Gonzalez, JuanJuan González (2) Texas Rangers OF Sosa, SammySammy Sosa Chicago Cubs OF [96]
1999 Rodriguez, IvanIván Rodríguez Texas Rangers C Jones, ChipperChipper Jones Atlanta Braves 3B [97]
2000 Giambi, JasonJason Giambi^ Oakland Athletics 1B Kent, JeffJeff Kent San Francisco Giants 2B [98]
2001 Suzuki, IchiroIchiro Suzuki^ Seattle Mariners OF Bonds, BarryBarry Bonds (4) San Francisco Giants OF [99][100]
2002 Tejada, MiguelMiguel Tejada^ Oakland Athletics SS Bonds, BarryBarry Bonds§ (5) San Francisco Giants OF [101]
2003 Rodriguez, AlexAlex Rodriguez^ Texas Rangers SS Bonds, BarryBarry Bonds (6) San Francisco Giants OF [102]
2004 Guerrero, VladimirVladimir Guerrero Anaheim Angels OF Bonds, BarryBarry Bonds (7) San Francisco Giants OF [103]
2005 Rodriguez, AlexAlex Rodriguez^ (2) New York Yankees 3B Pujols, AlbertAlbert Pujols^ St. Louis Cardinals 1B [104]
2006 Morneau, JustinJustin Morneau^ Minnesota Twins 1B Howard, RyanRyan Howard^ Philadelphia Phillies 1B [105]
2007 Rodriguez, AlexAlex Rodriguez^ (3) New York Yankees 3B Rollins, JimmyJimmy Rollins^ Philadelphia Phillies SS [106]
2008 Pedroia, DustinDustin Pedroia^ Boston Red Sox 2B Pujols, AlbertAlbert Pujols^ (2) St. Louis Cardinals 1B [107]
2009 Mauer, JoeJoe Mauer^ Minnesota Twins C Pujols, AlbertAlbert Pujols (3) St. Louis Cardinals 1B [100][108]
2010 Hamilton, JoshJosh Hamilton^ Texas Rangers OF Votto, JoeyJoey Votto^ Cincinnati Reds 1B [109][110]
2011 Verlander, JustinJustin Verlander^ Detroit Tigers RHP Braun, RyanRyan Braun^ Milwaukee Brewers OF [111][112]
2012 Cabrera, MiguelMiguel Cabrera^ Detroit Tigers 3B Posey, BusterBuster Posey^ San Francisco Giants C [113][114]
2013 Cabrera, MiguelMiguel Cabrera^ (2) Detroit Tigers 3B McCutchen, AndrewAndrew McCutchen^ Pittsburgh Pirates OF [115][116]
2014 Trout, MikeMike Trout^§ Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim OF Kershaw, ClaytonClayton Kershaw^ Los Angeles Dodgers LHP [117][12]

Key[edit]

Year Links to the article about the corresponding Major League Baseball season
dagger Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame as a player[118][119]
^ Denotes player who is still active[a]
§ Unanimous selection[b][3]
Player (X) Denotes winning player and number of times they had won the award at that point
P Pitcher (RHP indicates right-handed; LHP indicates left-handed)
C Catcher
1B First baseman
2B Second baseman
3B Third baseman
SS Shortstop
OF Outfielder
DH Designated hitter

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • a A player is considered inactive if he has announced his retirement or not played for a full season.
  • b A unanimous victory indicates that the player received all possible first-place votes.
  • c Hernandez and Stargell both received 216 points in the 1979 voting.[10]
  • d Torre is a member of the Hall of Fame, but not as a player. He was inducted in 2014 as a manager.[120]

References[edit]

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