AMESim

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LMS Imagine.Lab Amesim
AMESimScreenshot.jpg
Modeling and Simulation with LMS Imagine.Lab Amesim
Developer(s) Siemens PLM Software
Initial release 1995
Platform Cross-platform
Available in English, Japanese, Chinese
Type modeling, simulation, Graphical User Interface
License Proprietary
Website LMS Imagine.Lab Amesim website

LMS Imagine.Lab Amesim is a commercial simulation software for the modeling and analysis of multi-domain systems. It is part of systems engineering domain and falls into the mechatronic engineering field.

The software package is a suite of tools used to model, analyze and predict the performance of mechatronics systems. Models are described using nonlinear time-dependent analytical equations that represent the system’s hydraulic, pneumatic, thermal, electric or mechanical behavior. Compared to 3D CAE modeling this approach gives the capability to simulate the behavior of systems before detailed CAD geometry is available, hence it is used earlier in the system design cycle or V-Model.

To create a simulation model for a system, a set of libraries is used, they contain pre-defined components for different physical domains. The icons in the system have to be connected and for this purpose each icon has ports, which have several inputs and outputs. Causality is enforced by linking the inputs of one icon to the outputs of another icon (and vice-versa).

LMS Amesim libraries are written in C language and also support Modelica[1] which is a non-proprietary, object-oriented, equation based language to model complex physical systems containing, e.g., mechanical, electrical, electronic, hydraulic, thermal, control, electric power or process-oriented subcomponents. The software runs on most UNIX platforms (particularly under Linux) and on Windows platforms.

LMS Amesim Rev13 has been released in December 2013.

History[edit]

The LMS Imagine.Lab Amesim software has been developed by Imagine S.A. a company which was acquired in June 2007 by LMS International, which itself has been acquired in November 2012 by Siemens AG. The Imagine S.A. company was created in 1987 by Dr Michel Lebrun,[2] from the University Claude Bernard in France, to control complex dynamic systems coupling hydraulic servo-actuators with finite-elements mechanical structures. The initial engineering project involved the deck elevation of the sinking Ekofisk North Sea petroleum platforms. In the early 1990s, the association with Pr C. W. Richards,[3][4] coming from the University of Bath in England, led to the first commercial release of LMS Amesim in 1995 which was then dedicated to fluid control systems.[5]

LMS Imagine.Lab Amesim is used by companies in the automotive,[6][7][8][9] aerospace[10][11][12] and other advanced manufacturing industries.[13][14][15]

Usage[edit]

In its use, LMS Imagine.Lab Amesim is quite similar to Simulink.

LMS Imagine.Lab Amesim is a multi-domain software. It allows to link between different physics domains (hydraulic, pneumatic, mechanic, electrical, thermal, electromechanical). It is based on the Bond graph theory.

The modelling of a system is done in four steps:

  • sketch mode: in which the different components are linked,
  • submodel mode: in which the physical submodel associated to each component is chosen,
  • parameter mode: in which the parameters for each submodel are set,
  • run mode: in which the simulation is started and results analyzed.

Between the submodel and parameter mode, the AMESim model is compiled. Under the Windows platform, LMS Imagine.Lab AMESim works with the free Gcc compiler, which is provided with the software. It also works with the Microsoft Visual C++ compiler and its free Express edition. Since the version 4.3.0 AMESim uses the Intel compiler on all platforms.

Platform Facilities[edit]

LMS Imagine.Lab Amesim features:

  • Optimization, Robustness, DOE
    • Design Of Experiments (parameter study, full factorial, central composite), optimization (NLPQL, genetic algorithm), Monte-Carlo (random, Latin Hypercube, Optimized Latin Hypercube, with uniform or gaussian distribution)
  • Solvers and Numerics
  • Software Interfaces
    • generic co-simulation (to be used to co-simulate with any software coupled to AMESim), functional mock-up interface (export)
  • Simulator Scripting
  • Customization
    • own customized pre and post-processing tools with python, script caller assistant, editor of parameters group
  • Modelica Platform
    • support of the Modelica modeling language, and support of subsets of the Modelica Standard Library (MSL) with dedicated tools: modelica editor, modelica import assistant, modelica compiler, modelica assembly
  • 1D/3D CAE
    • CFD software co-simulation (Fluent, CFX, StarCD, Eole, ...), FEA import of reduced modal basis with pre-defined frontier nodes, MBS software cosimulation and import/export (LMS Virtual.Lab Motion or MSC.Adams)
  • Development
    • The user can develop his own submodels, by assembling different standard submodels (supercomponent) with AMECustom, or by programming them in C or in Fortran with AMESet. The C source code of most of the standard submodels are provided allowing the user to start from this base to fit them to his needs.

Physical Libraries[edit]

To create a system simulation model in LMS Amesim, components from different physical domains are assembled. The physical libraries have been developed through engineering services and partnerships with customers. In Revision 12, AMESim offered up to 40 libraries to answer various application requirements.

Some LMS Imagine.Lab Amesim libraries:

  • Control:
    • Libraries: signal and control, engine signal generator
    • Components: continuous blocks, tables, functions, logics, hysteresis, discrete signal, routing, bus, cyclic components, ...
  • Electrics:
    • Libraries: electrical basics, electromechanical, electric motors & drives, electrical static conversion, electrochemistery, automotive electrics
    • Components: resistor, inductor, capacitor, transformer, battery, alternators, synchronuous machines, induction machines, direct current machines, generators, direct Park, reverse Park, rectifiers, inverters, choppers, gradators, wires, fuses, relays, fans, blowers, lamps, window lift systems, magnetic coils, airgaps, leakages, piezoelectric actuators, ...
  • Mechanics:
    • Libraries: 1-D mechanical (linear and rotary), planar mechanical, cam and followers, finite-elements import (FEM), powertrain, vehicle dynamics
    • Components: masses, springs, dampers, cams, rocker-arms, followers, rack and pinion, screw nut, worm gear, levers, gears, bearings, seals, couplings, clutches, chassis, tires, ...
  • Fluids:
    • Libraries: hydraulic, hydraulic component design, hydraulic resistance, filling, pneumatic, pneumatic component design, gas mixture, moist air
    • Components: tanks, volumes, orifices, pressure drops, bends, expansions, contractions, T-junction, bearings, poppets, spools, pistons, jacks, diaphragms, leakages, sealings, ... hydraulic/pneumatic pipes with wave effects and water-hammer effect, flexible hoses, speed of sound, shocks, ... fluids and gases properties database, ...
  • Thermodynamics:
    • Libraries: thermal, thermal-hydraulic, thermal-hydraulic component design, thermal pneumatic, two-phase flow, air conditioning, cooling system, heat exchanger
    • Components: thermal capacities, conduction, convection, radiation, exchangers, radiators, condensers, pumps, thermostats, compressors
  • IC Engine:
    • Libraries: IFP drive, IFP engine, IFP exhaust, CFD-1D, IFP C3D
    • Components: drivers, gearboxes, crankshaft, camshaft, cylinder, combustion, wall heat exchanges, air path, engine valves, compressors, turbochargers, pipes, injectors, after-treatment, catalyst, ...

Software suite[edit]

LMS Imagine.Lab Amesim Suite:

  • LMS Amesim:
  • Amecustom:
    • Customization of models and IP protection
    • to adapt and customize the appearance of models, create and publish ready-to-use catalogs, facilitate exchange of models, encryption capability
  • Amerun:
    • Run of existing models
    • run-only version, adapted for non-experts, to share validated models, standard AMESim solvers and advanced features
  • Ameset:
    • Development of new components
    • to capitalize the know-how, open platform, integrated development tool for creating new submodels
  • LMS Imagine.Lab Sysdm:
    • The data management tool
    • to manage system data originating from AMESim and other system simulation tools, providing a collaborative environment for Model-Based Systems Engineering data
  • LMS Imagine.Lab System Synthesis:
    • The system architecture and configuration tool
    • to configure and integrate models and controls into a logical view of the entire system for simulation

Education and Research[edit]

LMS Imagine.Lab Amesim is used by engineering schools and universities. It is also the reference framework for various Research projects in Europe. [16] [17] [18] [19]

Release history[edit]

Name/Version Build Number Date
AMESim  ?? 1995
AMESim 1.0 v100 1996
AMESim 1.5 v150 1997
AMESim 2.0 v200 1998
AMESim 2.5 v250 April 1999
AMESim 3.0 v300 June 2000
AMESim 3.5 v350 May 2001
AMESim 4.0 v400 March 2002
AMESim 4.1 v410 April 2003
AMESim 4.2 v420 September 2004
AMESim 4.3 v430 October 2005
AMESim Rev 7A v700 April 2007
AMESim Rev 7B v710 December 2007
AMESim Rev 8A v800 June 2008
AMESim Rev 8B v810 December 2008
AMESim Rev 9 v900 November 2009
AMESim Rev 10 v1000 November 2010
AMESim Rev 11 v1100 November 2011
AMESim Rev 12 v1200 March 2013
AMESim Rev 13 v1300 December 2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Modelica and the Modelica Association". 
  2. ^ "Numerical Simulation of the Fluid Control Systems by AMESim". 
  3. ^ Sanada, K., Richards, C. W., Longmore, D. K., Johnston, D. N. and Burrows, C. R. (1993). "Practical requirements for modelling the dynamics of hydraulic pipelines". 2nd JHPS International Symposium on Fluid Power. 
  4. ^ Tilley, D. G., Richards, C. W., Tomlinson, S. P. and Burrows, C. R. (1991). "Role of simulation in the design of fluid power systems". IFAC Symposium on Computer Aided Design in Control Systems. 
  5. ^ "AMESim review in 2000 in Software For Fluid Power Technology". 
  6. ^ Zeng Xiao-hua; Wang Peng-yu; Wang Qing-nian (2009). "Co-simulation with AMESim and MATLAB for differential dynamic coupling of Hybrid Electric Vehicle". Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, 2009 IEEE.  Missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  7. ^ Guizhi Sun, Minxiang Wei, Jinju Shao, Man Pei (2007). "Automotive Powertrain Modeling and Simulation Based on AMESim". SAE Asia Pacific Automotive Engineering Conference. 
  8. ^ CHEN Fei,SUN Ren-yun,CHEN You-rong, SHAN Yu-mei (2009). "Research of Closed Loop Control for CNG Engine Injection Based on AMESim/Simlink". Journal of Xihua University (Natural Science Edition). 
  9. ^ "Integration of Physical AMESim Engine Model in Hardware in the Loop Environment, Dedicated to Engine Control Unit Testing". SAE World Congress & Exhibition. 2007. 
  10. ^ LI Kuo,GUO Ying-Qing(College of Power Engineering and Energy,Northwestern Polytechnical University,Xi'an Shanxi 710072,China) (2009). "Application of AMESim in Aero-Power Plant System". Computer Simulation. 
  11. ^ GUO Jun, WU Yafeng, CHU Nisheng (2006). "Application of AMESim in aircraft hydraulic system". Computer Aided Engineering. 
  12. ^ PAN Hui,ZHANG Li-hui (2011). "Application of AMESim in dynamic characteristic simulation of liquid rocket engine system". Journal of Rocket Propulsion. 
  13. ^ Wang Tao Tao Wei(West Branch of Zhejiang University of Technology) (2008). "AMESim-based Motion Simulation and Control of Hydraulic Excavator". Metal Mine. 
  14. ^ "Robust trajectory tracking control of hydraulic excavator bucket". Journal of Jilin University (Engineering and Technology Edition). 2006. 
  15. ^ Zhong Hua Huang, Hong Wei Gao, Ya Xie (2012). "Hybrid Excavator Test Bed Hydraulic Load System Design". Advanced Materials Research. Advanced Designs and Researches for Manufacturing: 1322–1325. 
  16. ^ "ITEA2". 
  17. ^ "SYSTEMATIC cluster". 
  18. ^ "ESToMaD". 
  19. ^ "CRESCENDO". 

External links[edit]