ANPI

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"Associazione Nazionale dei Partigiani d'Italia" National Association of the Italian Partisans
ANPI logo.jpeg
Abbreviation ANPI
Formation 5 April 1945
Type moral association (nonprofit organization)
Purpose "the valorization of the historical role of the partisan war
Headquarters Rome, Italy
Membership 110,000[1]
President
Carlo Smuraglia
Website [1]

The National association of the Italian Partisans: Associazione Nazionale Partigiani d'Italia (ANPI), is an association founded by the participants to the Italian resistance against the fascist and nazi occupation during World War II. The association was born in Rome in 1944[2] while the war in the northern part of Italy was still continuing. The association was constituted as a moral foundation on the 5 April 1945.

History[edit]

The National Association of the Italian Partisans: “Associazione Nazionale Partigiani d'Italia” (ANPI) was costituituted in Rome the 6 June 1944,[2] while the northern part of Italy was still fighting against the Nazis and the puppet state of the Italian Social Republic. The association was created by volunteers that took part to the partisan war in the central regions of the Italian peninsula.

After the fall of the Italian Social Republic the ANPI spread over the country: even in the south of Italy, where the resistance fights were rare but from where many of the partisans that fought in the center-north of Italy, Jugoslavia, Greece, France came from.

On 5 April 1945, the day when the ANPI was constituted as moral foundation, the association represented all the Italian partisans and it was managed by a council where all the different brigades that fought the war were present (Brigate Garibaldi, Ferruccio Parri’s Giustizia e libertà, independent, Brigate Matteotti, Mazzini and catholic partisans groups), but after the first national congress that took place in Rome in 1947, problems arose, due to the very different visions of internal and foreign politics. The intense discussions eventually caused the exit of same partisan groups:

The congresses[edit]

ANPI national congresses are:[3][4][5][6]

  1. Rome, 6–9 December 1947.
  2. Venice, 19–21 March 1949
  3. Rome, 27-29 giugno 1952
  4. Milan, 6–8 April 1956
  5. Turin, 19–21 June 1959
  6. Rome, 14–16 February 1964
  7. Bologna, 18–21 March 1971
  8. Florence, 4–7 November 1976
  9. Genoa, 26–29 March 1981
  10. Milan, 10–13 December 1986
  11. Bologna, 2–5 June 1991
  12. Naples, 28–30 June 1996
  13. Abano Terme (PD), 29–31 March 2001
  14. Chianciano Terme (SI), 24–26 February 2006
  15. Turin, 24–27 March 2011:[7]

Objectives[edit]

ANPI’s objectives are the valorization of the historical role of the partisan war by mean of researches and the collection of personal memories. The defense against Historical revisionism and the ideal and ethical support to the high values of freedom and democracy expressed in the 1948 Constitution, in which were collected the ideals of the Italian resistance.

Members[edit]

I enroll to ANPI because the resistance is not only the memory of the past but an actual fact in present times.

—ANPI's artists membership enrollment campaign[8]

Differently from other veterans associations, today can become ANPI members altogether with the categories enlisted in the article 23 of its regulation[9] ("partisans, patriots, soldiers that fought against German soldiers after the armistice", prisoners or deported – during the civil war- for political activities or racial discrimination, imprisoned militaries that did not support the Italian Social Republic), but also all the citizens that, without any distinction of age, will declare and subscribe to be antifascist, in accordance to ANPI regulation.

With the introduction of this new regulation, approved during the at the 14th congress,[10] in 2006; ANPI allowed a generational change of the association members, that, in 2010 counted about 110,000 affiliated:[11][12][13]

In particular, in addition to 10% of “historic partisans” there are 10% of young people between 18 and 30 years, while the majority (60-65%) are people between 35 and 65 years old.

In three years, between 2006 and 2009, members increased from 83,000 to 110,000,[11] with a great numbers of young antifascists elected to high rank positions at the local and national level.

In June 2010, Dacia Maraini and Concita De Gregorio created a membership enrolment campaign that recruited many artists and intellectuals as testimonials. Among them were Marco Bellocchio, Andrea Camilleri, Massimo Carlotto, Liliana Cavani, Roberto Citran, Cristina e Francesca Comencini, Vincenzo Consolo, Simone Cristicchi, Serena Dandini, Emma Dante, Giancarlo De Cataldo, Ellekappa, Sabrina Ferilli, Dario Fo, Matteo Garrone, Fabrizio Gifuni, Giorgia, Irene Grandi, Ugo Gregoretti, Monica Guerritore, Margherita Hack, Fiorella Mannoia, Simona Marchini, Neri Marcorè, Mario Monicelli, Giuliano Montaldo, Claudia Mori, Nicky Nicolai, Moni Ovadia, Marco Paolini, Michele Placido, Gigi Proietti, Franca Rame, Lidia Ravera, Toni Servillo, Paolo Sorrentino, Sergio Staino, Roberta Torre, Nadia Urbinati, Vauro, Lucio Villari, Gustavo Zagrebelsky[14]

Structure[edit]

Standard of the ANPI Committee of the Province of Genoa

The association is currently structured with local group, district group, council group, provinaicial and regional committees. The headquarters of the association is in Rome, Via degli Scipioni 271. Arrigo Boldrini was the ANPI president from the first congress (1947) until 2006. During the 14th congress the new honorary president Agostino Casali was elected.[6] Raimondo Ricci is the national president and Armando Cossutta is the vice-president.[15]

Patria Indipendente[edit]

ANPI monthly publishes a magazine named “Patria Independente” (Independent nation),[16] The magazine focuses on historical-political issues; it contributes to notify events related to the Italian resistance. The director of this magazine since 2009 is Wladimiro Settimelli.

ANPI National Festival[edit]

Since 2008, every two years, ANPI organizes its national festival. During the event are organized meetings, debates and musical concerts that focus on anti-fascism, peace and democrazy.[17]

Editions[edit]

Year Title Date Location Notes
2008 ANPI resistances. Democrazy and antifascism 20 to 22 June Gattatico (Reggio Emilia), Museo Cervi Official Website
2010 Italians, by Costitutions 24th al 27 June[18] Ancona, Mole Vanvitelliana Official Website
2012 The Memory beat in the hearth of the future 14 to 17 June Marzabotto (Province of Bologna), Official Website

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "* La carica dei partigiani junior Anpi, tanti iscritti sotto il 30 anni". La Repubblica. 
  2. ^ a b "Chi Siamo". Website. ANPI.it. 
  3. ^ I dieci congressi nazionali dell'ANPI, supplemento al n. 9/10 del 1991 di Patria Indipendente; pubblicato in occasione dell'11º congresso.
  4. ^ Il programma del Congresso nazionale
  5. ^ Documento
  6. ^ a b in morte di Boldrini
  7. ^ Documento politico-programmatico per il 15° congresso nazionale dell'ANPI
  8. ^ "Intellettuali e artisti con l'ANPI". ANPI.it. 
  9. ^ "Statuto". Retrieved 2010-11-23. 
  10. ^ "Documento per il 14° Congresso Nazionale". http://ombremosse.it. 
  11. ^ a b Maria Cristina Carratù (22 April 2010). "La carica dei partigiani junior. ANPI, tanti iscritti sotto il 30 anni". La Repubblica (in Italian). Archived from the original on 25 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-18. 
  12. ^ Gabriella Gallozzi (9 June 2010). ""Mi iscrivo all'Anpi perché..." La carica dei giovani partigiani". l'Unità (in Italian). Retrieved 2010-06-16. 
  13. ^ Al 2007 i soci risultavano essere 100.917
  14. ^ Tesseramento. "tuti quei giovani che si iscrivono all'anpi". Corriere.it. 
  15. ^ organi dirigenti
  16. ^ Patria indipendente online
  17. ^ "Festa dell'anpi". anpi.it. 
  18. ^ "programma festa nazionale". lombardia.anpi.it. 

External links[edit]