APEC United States 2011

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APEC Honolulu 2011
Map of APEC2007 countries

 Australia
Prime Minister Julia Gillard
 Brunei Darussalam
Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
 Canada
Prime Minister Stephen Harper
 Chile
President Sebastián Piñera
 People's Republic of China
President Hu Jintao
 Chinese Taipei
Lien Chan, Special Representative of President Ma Ying-jeou
 Hong Kong
Chief Executive Donald Tsang
 Indonesia
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
 Japan
Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda
 Republic of Korea
President Lee Myung-bak
 Malaysia
Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak
 Mexico
President Felipe Calderón (Withdrew)
 New Zealand
Deputy Prime Minister Bill English
 Papua New Guinea
Prime Minister Peter O'Neill
 Peru
President Ollanta Humala
 Philippines
President Benigno Aquino III
 Russia
President Dmitry Medvedev
 Singapore
Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong
 Thailand
Deputy Prime Minister Kittirat Na-Ranong
 United States
President Barack Obama
 Vietnam
President Trương Tấn Sang

APEC United States 2011 was a series of meetings of the 21 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation member economies held around the United States in 2011. It culminated in the 19th APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting held at the Hawaii Convention Center in Honolulu, Hawaii from November 12–13, 2011.[1][2] The United States last hosted an APEC summit at the 1993 summit in Seattle.[3] President Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama hosted the other leaders and spouses.

Issues[edit]

Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership[edit]

Leaders of nine APEC nations were expected to negotiate on the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership, a multilateral free trade agreement.[4][5][6]

Balanced, Sustainable, and Inclusive Growth.[edit]

APEC leaders endorsed the Pittsburgh G20 principles and agreed to implement the policies of the G20 Framework for Strong, Sustainable, and Balanced Growth, further expanding the global commitment to achieve more balanced growth that is less prone to destabilizing booms and busts. Leaders pledged to make growth more inclusive through APEC initiatives that will support development of small and medium enterprises, facilitate worker retraining, and enhance economic opportunity for women.

Regional Economic Integration.[edit]

The U.S.- led initiatives will engage with current and potential future members of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Free Trade Agreement to shape a broad-based, comprehensive, and high-standard platform to successfully integrate the economies of the Asia-Pacific. APEC leaders announced their commitment to accelerate economic integration and, to that end, endorsed a U.S.-Australia initiative in APEC to promote cross-border services trade in the region.

Facilitating Trade.[edit]

APEC leaders took steps to facilitate increased trade in the region by simplifying complicated customs procedures and documentation resulting from the region’s numerous trade agreements, improving the region’s enforcement of intellectual property rights, and speeding the movement of goods across and within borders. They also announced an action plan designed to make it 25 percent cheaper, easier, and faster to conduct business in the region by 2015 by decreasing costs and streamlining processes associated with starting and operating a business in APEC economies.

Supporting the Multilateral Trading System.[edit]

APEC leaders instructed their trade ministers to work towards a successful conclusion of the Doha Development Agenda in 2010 and reaffirmed their commitment to refrain from raising new barriers to investment or to trade in goods and services.

Climate Change.[edit]

U.S. President Obama urged all APEC member economies to work together to address the shared challenge of climate change. He and APEC leaders called for collective action by all economies and committed to reaching an ambitious outcome in Copenhagen in December.

Low Carbon and Green Growth.[edit]

APEC Leaders endorsed the G20 commitment to rationalize and phase out over the medium-term inefficient fossil fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption. Leaders commended APEC efforts to review its members’ energy efficiency policies and to foster regional trade in environmental goods and services, which would spur the growth of “green collar” jobs.

Food Security, Food Safety, and Secure Trade.[edit]

Leaders instructed their officials to implement programs aimed at improving agricultural productivity and enhancing agricultural markets in the APEC region. Leaders also commended U.S.-led APEC initiatives that bring together public and private sector experts to promote international best practices that will improve regional food and product safety and combat trade in counterfeit medical products. They called for a continuation of APEC’s work in areas such as trade and aviation security, counter-terrorism financing, and emergency and disaster preparedness.

Outcomes[edit]

The Honolulu Declaration[edit]

At APEC 2011 Economic Leaders' Meeting, held on 11 November in Honolulu, Leaders issued the Leaders' Declaration (Honolulu Declaration) and the APEC Leaders' Statements on Promoting Effective, Non-Discriminatory, and Market-Drive Innovation Policy; Enhancing Small and Medium Sized Enterprises Participation in Global Production Chains; Trade and Investment in Environmental Goods and Services; and Strengthening Implementation of Good Regulatory Practices.

Leaders[edit]

Former Vice President of the Republic of China Lien Chan represented the Republic of China (Taiwan) at the APEC summit. He served as President Ma Ying-jeou's envoy for the fourth consecutive year.[7]

Cancellations[edit]

Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra withdrew from the summit due to the ongoing 2011 Thailand floods.[8] Mexican President Felipe Calderon cancelled his trip to the APEC following the death of Secretary of the Interior Francisco Blake Mora in a helicopter crash on November 11, 2011.[8]

Media Coverage[edit]

Over 1,250 reporters and journalists arrived in Hawaii to cover the 2011 APEC Summit.[5]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
APEC Japan 2010
APEC meetings
2011
Succeeded by
APEC Russia 2012