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The Aerospace and Defence Industries Association of Europe - Standardization (ASD STAN), formerly known as the Association of European Aircraft and Component Manufacturers; Association Européenne des Constructeurs de Matériel Aérospatial (AECMA) publishes standards for products, quality systems and product support for the European aerospace industry. The term "ASD" is today often synonymous with those developed by this organization specifications "ASD Spec 1000D", "ASD Spec 2000M" and "ASD Simplified Technical English".


The ASD SPEC 1000D, commonly referred to as S1000D, is an international specification for the creation of technical documentation using a Common Source Data Base (CSDB). The Objective of ASD STAN is, with other multinational organizations, to develop a unified documentation standard that allows a modular and distributed creation of the necessary technical documentation. Parallel to this was the ASD SPEC 2000M, INTERNATIONAL SPECIFICATION FOR MATERIEL MANAGEMENT, and INTEGRATED DATA PROCESSING FOR MILITARY EQUIPMENT. As of release 2.0, the S1000D has been jointly published since 2003, by the ASD and the AIA, the Aerospace Industries of America.

In 2004, the Association of European Aircraft and Component Manufacturers, AECMA, merged with two other European aviation organizations (European Defence Industries Group, (EDIG) and EUROSPACE) to become ASD (ASD STAN), the Aerospace and Defence Industries Association of Europe. Since 2005, the ATA, Air Transport Association, has an MoU ( Memorandum of Understanding ) with the S1000D member bodies. The aim of ASD is to have a uniform standard for technical documentation in the field of aerospace and defense. With the release of version 2.3 of 28 February 2007 is the ATAs first time as co-editor. The ASD S1000D exists in various versions (1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9, 2.0, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.0, 4.0, 4.1) currently 4.1, and is maintained by the TPSMG, the Technical Publications Specification Maintenance Group. It is a "living document", anyone can participate by amendments to the future version.


Companies and organizations that use the S1000D, can send proposed changes or improvements to the Technical Publications Specification Management Group (TPSMG). If a proposal is accepted, it usually finds its way into a future issue of the specification. The S1000D was originally mainly in the field of military documentation used, but their methods are equally applicable to civilian projects. Originally only for aircraft designed / systems, it covers the edition 2.0 also all other possible documentation projects from such land vehicles, such as armored vehicles, and marine vessels, such as frigates . First civil applications of S1000D made at the South African Railways and at Lloyd's register of shipping in London. The decision of the company Boeing and Airbus for the application of S1000D in their new models B-787 "Dreamliner" and A-350 can be seen as a breakthrough for the civilian sector. The current developments in the field of S 1000D will be presented at the regularly scheduled user forums. The last event took place in spring 2007 in Melbourne, Australia. Here, a thematic focus was the connection of technical documentation for the field of distance learning or e-learning on ADL and SCORM . The S1000D structured documentation of systems according to their system architecture into subsystems and components (devices start) using an absorbed. "Standard Numbering System" (SNS).

Data Modules[edit]

An S1000D document consists of data modules, (DMs), originally using the markup language SGML, but as of version 1.9 XML, are generated and stored without redundancy in the CSDB. Each part of the system to be defined as a subsystem or component of equipment are clearly assigned to defined modules. For this purpose, the specification has, (currently 14,) different basic document types using appropriate DTDs or XML Schemas ready, including:

  • Descriptive DTD for description
  • Procedural DTD for instruction sequences, such as in maintenance manuals
  • Schedule DTD, e.g. for inspection manuals

Each S1000D data module is uniquely identified by a "Data Module Code" (DMC) and can be managed in the CSDB. The DMC is a 17 - to 37-digit alphanumeric code and is a mandatory part of the meta-data of each module. The DMC is composed according to the rules of the S 1000D, identified by the "Model Identification Code (MIC)" clearly affected the project and reflects both the nature of the content / activity (e.g. the installation instructions), the affected part system ( e.g. main hydraulic) and many others resist. (Example of a data module codes: "AE-A-00-00-0000-00A-021A-A")

Other Publications[edit]

Other Publications of the ASD in this field are the

For 2008, two other ASD standards were announced:

  • ASD S3000L International procedure handbook for Logistic Support Analysis LSA
  • ASD S4000A International procedure handbook for scheduled maintenance analysis

See also[edit]

S1000D Integrated logistics support Simplified Technical English

External links[edit]