Member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations

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██ ASEAN full members
██ ASEAN observers
██ ASEAN candidate members
ASEAN Plus Three
East Asia Summit
ASEAN Regional Forum

As of 2010 the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has 10 member states, one candidate member state, and one observer state.

ASEAN was founded on 8 August 1967 with five members: Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines.

Lists[edit]

A list of member states is provided below. The members of ASEAN Plus Three and the East Asia Summit are also listed. Both forums are ASEAN led and meetings are held following the ASEAN Summit.

Also listed are participants of the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), an organisation throughout the Asia-Pacific region whose objectives are to foster dialogue and consultation, and promote confidence-building and preventive diplomacy in the region.[1]

The ASEAN is an organisation on the Southeast Asian region that aims to accelerate economic growth, social progress, and cultural development among its members and to promote regional peace.[2]

ASEAN member states[edit]

Flag Country
Capital
Area
(km²)
Population
Density
(/km²)
GDP per cap.
(PPP)
[3]
HDI[4] Currency
Official languages Leaders Accession
Flag of Brunei.svg Brunei

نڬارا بروني دارالسلام
Negara Brunei Darussalam
Bandar Seri Begawan 5,765 j401,890
(2011 Est.)
65 54,389 0.855 Brunei dollar
(BND; B$)
Malay Head of State and Government:
Hassanal Bolkiah
1984-01-07
Flag of Cambodia.svg Cambodia

ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា
(Preăh Réachéanachâk Kâmpŭchéa)
Phnom Penh 181,035 g13,388,910
(2008 Census)
78 2,402 0.543 Cambodian riel
(KHR; ៛)
Khmer Head of State: Norodom Sihamoni
Head of Government: Hun Sen
1999-04-30
Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia

Republik Indonesia
Jakarta 1,904,569 a237,556,363
(2010 Census)
113 4,977 0.629 Indonesian rupiah
(IDR; Rp)
Indonesian Head of State and Government:
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
1967-08-08
Flag of Laos.svg Laos

ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ
(Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao)
Vientiane 236,800 h6,477,211
(2011 Est.)
24 3,011 0.543 Lao kip
(LAK; ₭)
Lao Head of State: Choummaly Sayasone
Head of Government: Thongsing Thammavong
1997-07-23
Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia

Malaysia
Kuala Lumpur 329,847 f27,565,821
(2010 Census)
72 16,922 0.769 Malaysian ringgit
(MYR; RM)
Malay Head of State: Abdul Halim
Head of Government: Najib Abdul Razak
1967-08-08
Flag of Myanmar.svg Myanmar

ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်
(Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw)
Naypyidaw 676,578 e58,840,000
(2010 Est.)
81 1,405 0.498 Myanmar kyat
(MMK; K)
Burmese Head of State and Government:
Thein Sein
1997-07-23
Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines

Republic of the Philippines
Republika ng Pilipinas
Manila 300,000 b101,833,938
(2011 Est.)
295 4,430 0.654 Philippine peso
(PHP; ₱)
Filipino,
English
Head of State and Government:
Benigno Aquino III
1967-08-08
Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore

Republic of Singapore
Republik Singapura
新加坡共和国
(Xīnjiāpō Gònghéguó)
சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு
(Ciṅkappūr Kuṭiyaracu)
Singapore 707.1 i5,076,700
(2010 Census)
6,619 60,410 0.895 Singapore dollar
(SGD; S$)
Malay,
Mandarin,
English,
Tamil
Head of State: Tony Tan Keng Yam
Head of Government: Lee Hsien Loong
1967-08-08
Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand

ราชอาณาจักรไทย
(Ratcha Anachak Thai)
Bangkok 513,115 d66,720,153
(2011 Est.)
126 10,126 0.690 Thai baht
(THB; ฿)
Thai Head of State: Bhumibol Adulyadej
Head of Government: Prayuth Chan-ocha
1967-08-08
Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam

Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam
Hanoi 331,690 c90,549,390
(2011 Est.)
248 3,548 0.617 Vietnamese đồng
(VND; ₫)
Vietnamese Head of State: Truong Tan Sang
Head of Government: Nguyen Tan Dung
1995-07-28
Association of Southeast Asian Nations 4,479,210 602,658,000
(2011 Est.)
135 3,909 (2012 UNDP) 0.663 (2011 UNDP cal.) Secretary General: Le Luong Minh

Non-member states[edit]

ASEAN candidate/observer states[edit]

Flag Country
Capital
Area
(km²)
Population
Density
(/km²)
GDP per cap.
(PPP)
HDI Currency
Official languages Leaders Status
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg Papua New Guinea[5][6]

Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
Port Moresby 462,840 a6,187,591
(2011 Est.)
14.5 2,797 0.466 Papua New Guinean kina
(PGK; K)
English,
Tok Pisin,
Hiri Motu
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth IIMichael Ogio (Governor-General)
Head of Government: Peter O'Neill
1976[7]
(status)
Flag of East Timor.svg Timor-Leste[8]

Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste
República Democrática de Timor-Leste
Dili 14,874 b1,066,409
(2010 Census)
76.2 9,873 0.576 United States dollar
(USD; $)
Portuguese,
Tetum
Head of State: Taur Matan Ruak
Head of Government: Xanana Gusmão
2002
(status)

ASEAN Plus Three[edit]

Main article: ASEAN Plus Three

The present members of ASEAN together with:

Flag Country
Capital
Area
(km²)
Population
Density
(/km²)
GDP per cap.
(PPP)
HDI Currency
Official languages Leaders
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China

中华人民共和国
(Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó)
Beijing 9,640,011 a1,339,724,852
(2010 Census)
139.6 9,162 0.699 Renminbi (Chinese yuan)
(CNY; ¥)
Standard Chinese/Mandarin (de facto),[9]
Written vernacular Chinese written in simplified characters (de facto)[9]
see also languages of China
Head of State: Xi Jinping
Head of Government: Li Keqiang
Flag of Japan.svg Japan

日本国
(Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku)
Tokyo 377,873 b128,056,026
(2010 Census)
337.6 36,266 0.912 Japanese yen
(JPY; ¥)
Japanese (de facto) Head of State: Akihito
Head of Government: Shinzo Abe
Flag of South Korea.svg South Korea

대한민국
大韓民國
(Daehanminguk)
Seoul 100,140 c48,875,000
(2010 Census)
493 32,272 0.909 South Korean won
(KRW; ₩)
Korean (de facto) Head of State: Park Geun-hye
Head of Government: Jung Hong-won

East Asia Summit[edit]

Main article: East Asia Summit

The present members of ASEAN Plus Three together with:

Flag Country
Capital
Area
(km²)
Population
Density
(/km²)
GDP per cap.
(PPP)
HDI Currency
Official languages Leaders
Flag of Australia.svg Australia

Commonwealth of Australia
Canberra 7,686,850 d22,674,736
(2011 Est.)
2.833 42,640 0.938 Australian dollar
(AUD; A$)
English (de facto) Head of State: Queen Elizabeth IIPeter Cosgrove (Governor-General)
Head of Government: Tony Abbott
Flag of India.svg India

Republic of India
भारत गणराज्य
(Bhārat Gaṇarājya)
New Delhi 3,287,240 a1,210,193,422
(2011 Census)
364.4 3,830 0.554 Indian rupee
(INR; INR)
Hindi (Devanagari script),
English
also see Languages of India
Head of State: Pranab Mukherjee
Head of Government: Narendra Modi
Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand

New Zealand
Aotearoa
Wellington 268,680 e4,393,500
(2010 Est.)
16.1 29,730 0.919 New Zealand dollar
(NZD; NZ$)
English,
Māori,
NZ Sign Language
Head of State: Queen Elizabeth IIJerry Mateparae (Governor-General)
Head of Government: John Key
Flag of Russia.svg Russia

Российская Федерация
(Rossiyskaya Federatsiya)
Moscow 17,075,400 c142,905,208
(2010 Census)
8.3 17,709 0.788 Russian ruble
(RUB; Rouble official sign for small display.svg)
Russian
also see Languages of Russia
Head of State: Vladimir Putin
Head of Government: Dmitry Medvedev
Flag of the United States.svg United States

United States of America
Washington 9,629,091 b308,745,538
(2010 Census)
32 49,922 0.937 United States dollar
(USD; $)
English (de facto) Head of State and Government:
Barack Obama

ASEAN Regional Forum[edit]

The ASEAN Regional Forum is an informal multilateral dialogue of 27 members that seeks to address security issues in the Asia-Pacific region.

The list includes the members of the East Asia Summit plus:

Flag Country
Capital
Area
(km²)
Population
Density
(/km²)
GDP per cap.
(PPP)
HDI Currency
Official languages Leaders
Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh[10]

গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ
(Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh)
Dhaka 147,570 b142,319,000
(2011 Census)
1,099.3 2,039 0.515 Bangladeshi taka
(BDT; ৳)
Bengali Head of State: Abdul Hamid
Head of Government: Sheikh Hasina Wazed
Flag of Canada.svg Canada

Canada
Canada
Ottawa 9,984,670 c34,545,000
(2011 Est.)
3.41 42,734 0.911 Canadian dollar
(CAD; C$)
English and French Head of State: Queen Elizabeth IIDavid Johnston (Governor-General)
Head of Government: Stephen Harper
Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia

Монгол улс
(Mongol uls)
ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠤᠯᠤᠰ
(Mongγol ulus)
Ulaanbaatar 1,564,115 e2,754,685
(2010 Census)
1.75 5,372 0.675 Mongolian tögrög
(MNT; ₮)
Mongolian Head of State: Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
Head of Government: Norovyn Altankhuyag
Flag of North Korea.svg North Korea

조선민주주의인민공화국
朝鮮民主主義人民共和國
(Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk)
Pyongyang 120,540 d24,052,231
(2008 Census)
198.3 1,8001,800 est. 0.7660.766 (1995 UNDP) North Korean won
(KPW; ₩)
Korean Head of State: Kim Yong-Nam (de jure),
Kim Jong-Un (supreme leader), Kim Yong-nam (de facto)
Head of Government: Choe Yong-rim
Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan

Islamic Republic of Pakistan
اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاکستان
(Islāmī Jumhūrī-ye Pākistān)
Islamabad 796,095 a187,342,721
(2011 Est.)
214.3 2,881 0.515 Pakistani rupee
(PKR; ₨)
Urdu (national)
English
Head of State: Asif Ali Zardari
Head of Government: Nawaz Sharif
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka

ශ්‍රී ලංකා ප්‍රජාතාන්ත්‍රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය
(Sri Lankā Prajathanthrika Samajavadi Janarajaya)
இலங்கை சனநாயக சோசலிசக் குடியரசு
(Ilaṅkai Caṉanāyaka Cōcalicak Kuṭiyaracu)
Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte (Administrative)
Colombo (Commercial)
65,610 >20,277,597
(2012 Census)
323 6,107 0.715 Sri Lankan rupee
(LKR; රු)
Sinhala
Tamil
English (recognized)
Head of State: Mahinda Rajapaksa
Head of Government: Mahinda Rajapaksa
Flag of Europe.svg European Union

Brussels
Luxembourg
Strasbourg
4,324,782 502,486,499
(2011 Est.)
115.9 32,021 0.8760.876 (2011 UNDP cal.) Euro
(EUR; €)
see languages of the European Union Head of State: Herman Van Rompuy (council)
Head of Government: José Manuel Barroso (commission)

References[edit]

External links[edit]