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Special Assault Rifle
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Used by||Russian Federation|
|Wars||First Chechen War and Second Chechen War, 2008 South Ossetia war (used by both Russian and Georgian special forces)|
|Manufacturer||Tula Arms Plant|
|Variants||VSS "Vintorez", SR-3 "Vikhr"|
|Weight||2.5 kg (5.51 lb) empty|
|Length||875 mm (34.4 in) stock extended / 615 mm (24.2 in) stock folded|
|Barrel length||200 mm (7.9 in)|
|Action||Gas-operated, rotating bolt|
|Rate of fire||900 rounds/min|
|Muzzle velocity||295 m/s (968 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||300 m|
|Maximum firing range||400 m|
|Feed system||20-round detachable box magazine
(optional 10-round magazine from the VSS or 30-round magazine from the SR-3M)
|Sights||Front post, rear sector sight; day or night-time optics|
It was developed during the late 1980s by TsNIITochMash (Central Institute for Precision Machine Building) and is used by Russian Spetsnaz special forces and the MVD, FSB, and select units of the Russian Army. Since 1987, it was added to the arsenal of the Soviet Army and the KGB.
Its effective range is approximately 300 m, as it uses heavy subsonic 9x39mm SP-6 (high-performance armor piercing) ammunition, as well as the SP-5 ball round used by the VSS Vintorez. It can also use the same 10 or 20-round magazines as the VSS. Controls are similar to all AK-type rifles with charging handle on the right side, tangent rear sight, magazine release button behind the magazine well, and safety lever above the trigger guard. The fire selector is however located within the trigger guard, behind the trigger. The "Val" has two modes of fire, single shot and automatic fire at a cyclic rate of 900 RPM. According to its users, the "Val" is reliable, accurate, and well liked.
It has an AK-type side mount for various optical sights, including the 4x PSO-1 scope and night sights calibrated for use with the 9x39mm round. The standard open sights are graduated up to 400 m in 25 m increments.
The "Val" has a 70% piece commonality with its sister-gun, the VSS Vintorez. Differences are furniture made of high impact polymer and a skeletonized steel stock which folds to the left for storage and transportation (gun can operate with stock folded).
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