AT&T Plaza

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This article is about the Millennium Park location in Chicago. For other uses, see AT&T Plaza (disambiguation).
"SBC Plaza" and "Ameritech Plaza" redirect here. For other SBC Plaza uses, see SBC Plaza (disambiguation). For the Ameritech Center in Cleveland, Ohio, see Ameritech Center.
AT&T Plaza
The Bean and McCormick Tribune Plaza.jpg
Plaza with Cloud Gate behind McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink
AT&T Plaza is located in Chicago
AT&T Plaza
Location within the Chicago Loop area
Former names SBC Plaza, Ameritech Plaza
Location 55 N. Michigan Ave
Chicago, Illinois
Coordinates 41°52′57.72″N 87°37′23.88″W / 41.8827000°N 87.6233000°W / 41.8827000; -87.6233000
Opened July 16, 2004
Owner City of Chicago
Surface Concrete
Tenants
Cloud Gate

AT&T Plaza (formerly Ameritech Plaza and SBC Plaza) is a public space that hosts the Cloud Gate sculpture. It is located in Millennium Park, which is a park built to celebrate the third millennium and which is located within the Loop community area of Chicago, Illinois in the United States. The sculpture and the plaza are sometimes jointly referred to as Cloud Gate on the AT&T Plaza.[1]

It was opened in the summer of 2004 with the initial unveiling of the sculpture during the grand opening weekend of the park. Ameritech Corporation/SBC Communications Inc. donated US$3 million for the naming right to the space.[2][3] The plaza has become a place view the McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink and during the Christmas holiday season, the Plaza hosts Christmas caroling.[4]

Details[edit]

A tent was erected on AT&T Plaza to cover Cloud Gate while it was being polished.

Lying between Lake Michigan to the east and the Loop to the west, Grant Park has been Chicago's front yard since the mid-19th century. Its northwest corner, north of Monroe Street and the Art Institute, east of Michigan Avenue, south of Randolph Street, and west of Columbus Drive, had been Illinois Central rail yards and parking lots until 1997, when it was made available for development by the city as Millennium Park.[5] Today, Millennium Park trails only Navy Pier as a Chicago tourist attraction.[6]

The plaza is located above Park Grill, above and behind the McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink, adjacent to the Chase Promenade, and between the North and South Boeing Galleries. The plaza and sculpture sit atop the 300-seat $6 million Park Grill, which opened in November 2003 behind the McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink.[7] The surface of the plaza is concrete.[8] The plaza is composed of 25,200 square feet (2,340 m2) of concrete pavers. Each paver is 30 by 30 inches (76 by 76 cm), and each is 2.5 inches (6.4 cm) thick.

History[edit]

Pavers engraved with the Plaza's former name, SBC Plaza

The plaza was originally named Ameritech Plaza for Ameritech Corporation, the corporate sponsor, who donated $3 million for the sculpture-hosting plaza's naming rights.[2][3][9] By the time the park officially opened in 2004, Ameritech had merged with SBC Communications and the plaza was called SBC Plaza. When SBC acquired AT&T and subsequently changed the name from SBC to AT&T in 2005, the name of the plaza changed again.

Cloud Gate was originally estimated to weigh 60 short tons (54.4 t; 53.6 long tons) because it was impossible to estimate the thickness of the steel compatible with the desired aesthetics.[10][11] The final piece, however, weighs 110 short tons (99.8 t; 98.2 long tons) and care had to be taken in supporting it.[10] The roof of the Park Grill, upon which Cloud Gate sits, had to be strong enough to bear the weight. A large retaining wall separating Chicago's Metra train tracks from the North Grant Park garage travels along the back side of the restaurant and supports much of the sculpture's weight. This wall, along with the rest of the garage's foundation, required additional bracing before the piece was erected.[10] In June 2004, when construction of the shell began, a large tent (pictured left) was erected around the piece in order to shield it from public view.[12]

Activities[edit]

McDonald's Cycle Center BP Pedestrian Bridge BP Pedestrian Bridge Columbus Drive Exelon Pavilion NE Exelon Pavilion NE Exelon Pavilion SE Exelon Pavilion SE Exelon Pavilion NW Exelon Pavilion NW Exelon Pavilion SW Exelon Pavilion SW Harris Theater Jay Pritzker Pavilion Lurie Garden Nichols Bridgeway Nichols Bridgeway Chase Promenade North Chase Promenade Central Chase Promenade South AT&T Plaza Boeing Gallery North Boeing Gallery South Cloud Gate Wrigley Square McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink Crown Fountain Michigan Avenue Randolph StreetRectangular map of a park about 1.5 times as wide as it is tall. The top half is dominated by the Pritzker Pavilion and Great Lawn. The lower half is divided into three roughly equal sections: (left to right) Wrigley Square, McCormick Tribune Plaza, and Crown Fountain. North is to the left.
Image map of Millennium Park. Each feature or label is linked.

In 2006, annual Christmas caroling began at the plaza. Following Thanksgiving, weekly sing-alongs are led by choral groups including Bella Voce, Chicago Mass Choir, and Chicago Children's Choir.[4][13][14][15][16]

Because of its elevation above the McCormick Tribune Plaza & Ice Rink, the plaza has become a prime viewing location for Jazz music concerts held during the summer at the McCormick Tribune Plaza. McCormick Tribune Plaza is located below and to the west of AT&T Plaza as well as adjacent to Michigan Avenue's Historic Michigan Boulevard District, which are slightly further west.[17]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Cloud Gate on the AT&T Plaza". Millennium Park. Archived from the original on 13 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-28. 
  2. ^ a b "Dawn of the Millennium". RedEye (Newsbank). 2004-07-16. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  3. ^ a b Song, Lisa (2000-01-07). "City Tweaks Millennium Park Design". Chicago Tribune (Newsbank). Retrieved 2008-07-24. 
  4. ^ a b "Head downtown to catch Christmas spirit". Northwest Herald (Newsbank). 2006-11-21. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  5. ^ Gilfoyle, Timothy J. (August 6, 2006). "Millennium Park". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved June 24, 2008. 
  6. ^ "Crain's List Lartgest Tourist Attractions (Sightseeing): Ranked by 2007 attendance". Crain's Chicago Business (Crain Communications Inc.). 2008-06-23. p. 22. 
  7. ^ Gilfoyle, p. 328.
  8. ^ Kamin, Blair (2004-07-18). "`Cloud Gate' - (star)(star)(star)(star) - SBC Plaza , between Washington and Madison Streets - Anish Kapoor, London". Chicago Tribune (Newsbank). Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  9. ^ "Upcoming Park Features". Millennium Park News. Public Building Commission of Chicago. Winter 2001-2. Archived from the original on 10 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 
  10. ^ a b c Gilfoyle, p. 165.
  11. ^ Gilfoyle, p. 402.
  12. ^ Becker, Lynn. "A photo essay on the making of Anish Kapoor's Cloud Gate sculpture in Chicago's Millennium Park". Repeat. Archived from the original on 2 June 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-31. 
  13. ^ "Carolers at the Bean in free event". Chicago Sun-Times (Newsbank). 2007-12-14. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  14. ^ "Calendar". Skyline (Newsbank). 2007-12-05. Retrieved 2008-09-14. 
  15. ^ Busk, Celeste and Mary Houlihan (2008-11-28). "Booked for the holidays - Festive to-do list. Events and shows make the season even more bright". Chicago Sun-Times (Newsbank). Retrieved 2009-03-24. 
  16. ^ Metz, Nina (2008-11-28). "Holiday on demand - We've whipped up 4 Christmases for you whatever your mood, be you Grinch-like or St. Nick himself". Chicago Tribune (Newsbank). Retrieved 2009-03-24. 
  17. ^ Kamin, Blair (2004-08-29). "A people's park for the future". Chicago Tribune (Newsbank). Retrieved 2008-09-19. 

References[edit]

  • Gilfoyle, Timothy J. (2006). Millennium Park: Creating a Chicago Landmark. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-29349-1. 

External links[edit]