ATP Rankings

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The ATP Rankings, as defined by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP), are the "objective merit-based method used for determining qualification for entry and seeding in all tournaments for both (male) singles and doubles, except as modified for the ATP World Tour Finals (singles or doubles)."[1] The rankings period is "the immediate past 52 weeks, except for: Barclays ATP World Tour Finals, singles and doubles, which is dropped on the Monday following the last ATP World Tour event of the following year; Futures Series tournaments that are only entered into the system on the second Monday following the tournament's week. Once entered, all tournaments, except the Barclays ATP World Tour Finals, remain in the system for 52 consecutive weeks."[1]

Overview[edit]

A player's ATP Ranking is based on the total points he accrued in the following 19 tournaments (18 if he did not qualify for the ATP World Tour Finals):

The requirement to play in four ATP World Tour 500 events does not apply to a player who was outside the top 30 in the previous year-end ranking; however, no more than four of his results from 500 level events may be counted.[1] For a better result within the same tour type to be transposed one has to wait for the expiry of the first worse result from previous year. It only expires at the drop date of that tournament and only if the player reached a worse result or hasn't entered the current year.

The Monte-Carlo Masters 1000 became optional in 2009, but if a player chooses to participate in it, its result are counted and his fourth-best result in an ATP 500 event is ignored (his three best ATP 500 results remain). If a player doesn't play enough ATP 500 events and does not have an ATP 250 or Challenger appearance with a better result, the Davis Cup is counted in the 500's table. [5] The World Team Cup was also included before its cancellation in 2012.

For the Davis Cup points, point are only distributed for the World Group countries and instead of having an exact drop date they are gradually updated at each phase of the cup (compared to the results of the player from previous year and arranged his total sum of Davis Cup points to it. E.g. if a player played two matches in a semifinal but plays one the next year only that one missing match will be extracted from his points)[5]

A player who is out of competition for 30 or more days, due to a verified injury, will not receive any penalty. The ATP World Tour Finals will count as an additional 19th tournament in the ranking of its eight qualifiers at season's end.[6]

For every Grand Slam tournament or mandatory ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournament for which a player is not in the main draw, and was not (and, in the case of a Grand Slam tournament, would not have been, had he and all other players entered) a main draw direct acceptance on the original acceptance list, and never became a main draw direct acceptance, the number of his results from all other eligible tournaments in the ranking period that count for his ranking is increased by one.[1]

Once a player is accepted in the main draw of a Grand Slam tournament or ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournament,[7] his result in this tournament counts for his ranking, regardless of whether he participates. A player's withdrawal from an ATP World Tour 500 event, regardless of whether the withdrawal was on time, results in a zero point included as one of his best of four results. Further non-consecutive withdrawals results in a zero point allocation replacing the next best positive result for each additional withdrawal.[1]

Players with multiple consecutive withdrawals who are out of competition for 30 days or longer because of injury are not subject to a ranking penalty as long as verified and approved medical forms are provided; or, a player will not have the ranking penalty imposed if he completes the Promotional Activities requirement as specified under "Repeal of Withdrawal Fines and/or Penalties" or if the on-site withdrawal procedures apply. Players may also appeal withdrawal penalties to a Tribunal who will determine whether the penalties are affirmed or set aside.[1]

Ranking method[edit]

Current points distribution (2009–present)[edit]

Points are awarded as follows:[8]

Tournament category W F SF
(3rd/4th)
QF R16 R32 R64 R128 Additional
qualifying points
Grand Slam 2000 1200 720 360 180 90 45 10 25
ATP World Tour Finals 1500^
1100m
1000^
600m
600^
200m
(200 for each round robin match win,
+400 for a semifinal win, +500 for the final win)
Masters 1000 1000 600 360 180 90 45 10 (25) (10) 25 (16)
Olympics 750 450 340 (bronze)
270 (4th)
135 70 35 5
500 Series 500 300 180 90 45 (20) 20 (10)
250 Series 250 150 90 45 20 (5) 12 (5)
ATP Challenger Tour Finals 125^
95m
75^
45m
45^
15m
(15 for each round robin match win,
+30 for a semifinal win, +50 for the final win)
Challenger 125,000 +H 125 75 45 25 10 5
Challenger 125,000 110 65 40 20 9 5
Challenger 100,000 100 60 35 18 8 5
Challenger 75,000 90 55 33 17 8 5
Challenger 50,000 80 48 29 15 7 3
Challenger 35,000 +H 80 48 29 15 6 3
Futures 15,000 +H 35 20 10 4 1
Futures 15,000 27 15 8 3 1
Futures 10,000 18 10 6 2 1
  • (ATP 1000 series) Qualifying points changes to 16 points only if the main draw is larger than 56
  • (ATP 500 series) Qualifying points changes to 10 points only if the main draw is larger than 32
  • (ATP 250 series) Qualifying points changes to 5 points only if the main draw is larger than 32

In addition qualifiers and main draw entry players will then also receive the points in brackets for the rounds they reached.[9]

Davis Cup
Rubber category Match win Match loss Team bonus Performance bonus Total achievable
Singles Play-offs 5 / 101 15
First round 40 102 80
Quarterfinals 65 130
Semifinals 70 140
Final 75 753 1254 150 / 2253 / 2754
Cumulative total 500 500 – 5353 6254 6254
Doubles Play-offs 10 10
First round 50 102 50
Quarterfinals 80 80
Semifinals 90 90
Final 95 355 95 / 1305
Cumulative total 315 3505 3505

ATP Points distributed from 2009 onwards[10]

Glossary

Only World Group and World Group Play-Off matches and only live matches earn points. Dead rubbers earn no points. If a player does not compete in one or more rounds he will receive points from the previous round when playing at the next tie.[10]

1 A player who wins a singles rubber in the first day of the tie is awarded 5 points, whereas a singles rubber win in tie's last day grants 10 points for a total of 15 available points.[10]

2 For the first round only, any player who competes in a live rubber, without a win, receives 10 ranking points for participation.[10]

3 Team bonus awarded to a singles player who wins 7 live matches in a calendar year and his team wins the competition.[10]

4 Performance bonus awarded to a singles player who wins 8 live matches in a calendar year. In this case, no Team bonus is awarded.[10]

5 Team bonus awarded to an unchanged doubles team who wins 4 matches in a calendar year and his team wins the competition.[10]

Previous points distribution (until 2008)[edit]

Points are awarded as follows:

Tournament category Total financial
commitment
W F SF
(3rd/4th)
QF R16 R32 R64 R128 Additional
qualifying points
Grand Slam $6,784,000 to $9,943,000 1000 700 450 250 150 75 35 5 15
Tennis Masters Cup $4,450,000 750^
550m
500^
300m
300^
100m
(100 for each round robin match win,
+200 for a semifinal win, +250 for the final win)
ATP Masters Series $2,450,000 to $3,450,000 500 350 225 125 75 35 5 (20) (5) 15*
Olympics 400 280 205/155 100 50 25 5
International Series Gold $1,000,000 300 210 135 75 25 0 (15) (0) 10*
International Series Gold $800,000 250 175 110 60 25 0 (15) (0) 10*
International Series $1,000,000 250 175 110 60 25 0 (15) (0) 10*
International Series $800,000 225 155 100 55 20 0 (10) (0) 10*
International Series $600,000 200 140 90 50 15 (20) 0 (10) (0) 5
International Series $400,000 175 120 75 40 15 0 5
Challenger $150,000+H 100 70 45 23 10 0 3
Challenger $150,000 90 63 40 21 9 0 3
Challenger $125,000 80 56 36 19 8 0 3
Challenger $100,000 70 49 31 16 7 0 3
Challenger $75,000 60 42 27 14 6 0 3
Challenger $50,000 or $35,000+H 55 38 24 13 5 0 2
Futures $15,000+H 24 16 8 4 1 0
Futures $15,000 18 12 6 3 1 0
Futures $10,000 12 8 4 2 1 0

Glossary[edit]

(€): All prize money and fees for ATP Masters Series, International Series, and Challengers played in Europe must be paid in euros (€). In most cases they are calculated at the 0.85 USD/EUR exchange rate, but it varies and is often rounded throughout the 2008 ATP Official Rulebook.

(^): Tennis Masters Cup: maximum number of points that can be assigned to the player at this round (after he qualified to the semifinal with 3 round-robin wins)

(m): Tennis Masters Cup: minimum number of points that can be assigned to the player at this round (after he qualified to the semifinal with 1 round-robin win)

+H: Any Challenger or Futures providing hospitality shall receive the points of the next higher prize money level in that category. Monies shown for Challengers and Futures are on-site prize amounts.

Points are assigned to the losers of the round indicated. Any player who reaches the second round by drawing a bye and then loses shall be considered to have lost in the first round and shall receive first round loser's points (5 for Grand Slams and all AMS events). Wild cards at Grand Slams and AMS events receive points only from the 2nd round. No points are awarded for a first round loss at International Series Events, Challenger Series, or Futures Series events.

Players qualifying for the Main Draw through the qualifying competition shall receive qualifying points in addition to any points earned, as per the following table, with the exception of Futures.

(*): 5 points only if the Main Draw is larger than 32 (International Series) or 64 (ATP Masters Series)

In addition to the points allocated above, points are allocated to losers at Grand Slam, Tennis Masters Series, and International Series Gold Tournaments qualifying events in the following manner:

  • Grand Slams: 8 points for a last round loser, 4 points for a second round loser
  • Tennis Masters Series: 8 points for a last round loser(**), 0 points for a first round loser
  • International Series Gold: 5 points for a last round loser(**), 0 points for a first round loser,

(**): 3 points only if the Main Draw is larger than 32 (International Series Gold) or 64 (ATP Masters Series).

Sources[edit]

Current rankings[edit]

Number one ranked players[edit]

The following is a list of players who have achieved the number one position in singles since the inception of the rankings in 1973 (active players in green):

# Player Date reached Total weeks
1 Romania Ilie Năstase August 23, 1973 40
2 Australia John Newcombe June 3, 1974 8
3 United States Jimmy Connors July 29, 1974 268
4 Sweden Björn Borg August 23, 1977 109
5 United States John McEnroe March 3, 1980 170
6 Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl February 28, 1983 270
7 Sweden Mats Wilander September 12, 1988 20
8 Sweden Stefan Edberg August 13, 1990 72
9 Germany Boris Becker January 28, 1991 54
10 United States Jim Courier February 10, 1992 58
11 United States Pete Sampras April 12, 1993 286
12 United States Andre Agassi April 10, 1995 101
13 Austria Thomas Muster February 12, 1996 6
14 Chile Marcelo Ríos March 30, 1998 6
15 Spain Carlos Moyá March 15, 1999 2
16 Russia Yevgeny Kafelnikov May 3, 1999 6
17 Australia Patrick Rafter July 26, 1999 1
18 Russia Marat Safin November 20, 2000 9
19 Brazil Gustavo Kuerten December 4, 2000 43
20 Australia Lleyton Hewitt November 19, 2001 80
21 Spain Juan Carlos Ferrero September 8, 2003 8
22 United States Andy Roddick November 3, 2003 13
23 Switzerland Roger Federer February 2, 2004 302
24 Spain Rafael Nadal August 18, 2008 141
25 Serbia Novak Djokovic July 4, 2011 114

Last update: September 29, 2014

Year-end number one players[edit]

Singles[edit]

Doubles[edit]

Year Nationality / player
1992 Australia Todd Woodbridge / Australia Mark Woodforde (1)
1993 Canada Grant Connell / United States Patrick Galbraith (2)
1994 Netherlands Jacco Eltingh / Netherlands Paul Haarhuis (3)
1995 Australia Todd Woodbridge / Australia Mark Woodforde
1996 Australia Todd Woodbridge / Australia Mark Woodforde
1997 Australia Todd Woodbridge / Australia Mark Woodforde
1998 Netherlands Jacco Eltingh / Netherlands Paul Haarhuis
1999 India Mahesh Bhupathi / India Leander Paes (4)
2000 Australia Todd Woodbridge / Australia Mark Woodforde
2001 Sweden Jonas Björkman / Australia Todd Woodbridge (5)
2002 The Bahamas Mark Knowles / Canada Daniel Nestor (6)
2003 United States Bob Bryan / United States Mike Bryan (7)
2004 The Bahamas Mark Knowles / Canada Daniel Nestor
2005 United States Bob Bryan / United States Mike Bryan
2006 United States Bob Bryan / United States Mike Bryan
2007 United States Bob Bryan / United States Mike Bryan
2008 Serbia Nenad Zimonjić / Canada Daniel Nestor (8)
2009 United States Bob Bryan / United States Mike Bryan
2010 United States Bob Bryan / United States Mike Bryan
2011 United States Bob Bryan / United States Mike Bryan
2012 United States Bob Bryan / United States Mike Bryan
2013 United States Bob Bryan / United States Mike Bryan

Players with highest career rank 2–5[edit]

The following is a list of players who were ranked world no. 5 or higher but not no. 1 in the period since the 1973 introduction of the ATP computer rankings (active players in green):

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "2009 ATP World Tour - Rulebook, Chapter IX, ATP Rankings". Retrieved 2012-07-25. 
  2. ^ In weeks where there are not four Grand Slam tournaments and eight ATP World Tour Masters 1000 tournaments in the ranking period, the number of a player's best results from all eligible tournaments in the ranking period will be adjusted accordingly.
  3. ^ "Rankings FAQ". Atpworldtour.com. Retrieved 2012-07-25. 
  4. ^ At least one of these tournaments must follow the US Open.
  5. ^ a b "Frequently Asked Questions". atpworldtour.com. Retrieved 2011-03-13. 
  6. ^ "Rankings-FAQ". ATP World Tour. 
  7. ^ "Accepted" means a direct acceptance, a qualifier, a special exempt, or a lucky loser, or having accepted a wild card.
  8. ^ "Rankings FAQ". ATP World Tour. Retrieved 2012-07-25. 
  9. ^ "Tennis - ATP World Tour - Rankings FAQ". ATP World Tour. Retrieved 2012-07-25. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "IX. Emirates ATP Rankings" (pdf). 2013-07-01. Retrieved 2013-07-17. 
  11. ^ "Current ATP Rankings (singles)". atpworldtour.com. ATP Tour, Inc. 
  12. ^ "Emirates ATP Doubles Rankings". ATP Tour. 

External links[edit]