AZCA

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AZCA
Mixed Association for Compensation of the A Block of the Commercial Area of the Avenue of the Generalisimo
AZCA
Asociación Mixta de Compensación de la Manzana A de la Zona Comercial de la Avenida del Generalísimo
AZCA (Madrid) 01.jpg
AZCA from Paseo de la Castellana.
General information
Status Complete
Type Office
Location Bandera de Madrid.svg Madrid,
Flag of the Community of Madrid.svg Comunidad de Madrid,
 Spain
Coordinates 40°26′57″N 3°41′34″W / 40.44917°N 3.69278°W / 40.44917; -3.69278Coordinates: 40°26′57″N 3°41′34″W / 40.44917°N 3.69278°W / 40.44917; -3.69278
Construction started Torre Windsor: 1975 (†)
Torre del Banco de Bilbao: 1978
Torre Picasso: 1982
Torre Europa: 1985
Torre Mahou: 1987
Torre Titania: 2007
Completed Torre Windsor: 1979 (†)
Torre del Banco de Bilbao: 1981
Torre Picasso: 1988
Torre Europa: 1985
Torre Mahou: 1990
Torre Titania: 2013
Height
Roof Torre Picasso: 157 m (515 ft)
Torre Europa:121 m (397 ft)
Torre del Banco Bilbao: 107 m (351 ft)
Torre Windsor:106 m (348 ft) (†)
Torre Titania: 104 m (341 ft)
Torre Mahou:85 m (279 ft)
Technical details
Floor count Torre Picasso: 47
Torre Windsor: 32 (†)
Torre del Banco Bilbao: 30
Torre Europa: 30
Torre Mahou: 29
Torre Titania: 22
Design and construction
Architect Torre Windsor (†): Rafael Alemany Indarte, Luis Alemany Indarte, Pedro Casariego, Ignacio Ferrero, Genaro Alas Rodríguez y Manuel del Río Martínez
Torre del Banco de Bilbao: F.J. Sáenz de Oiza
Torre Picasso: Minoru Yamasaki
Torre Europa: Miguel de Oriol e Ybarra
Torre Mahou: Carlos Alberto Arce, Carlos Malibrán y Raúl Eduardo Salata
Torre Titania: Pablo Muñoz y Pedro Vilata

AZCA, an acronym for Asociación Mixta de Compensación de la Manzana A de la Zona Comercial de la Avenida del Generalísimo ("Mixed Association for Compensation of the A Block of the Commercial Area of the Avenue of the Generalisimo", now called the Avenue of Paseo de la Castellana), is a financial district in downtown Madrid, Spain.

AZCA View from the Nuevos Ministerios station (to the right, the Torre del Banco Bilbao).
View of Torre Europa from the Square of Lima.
AZCA buildings (Torre Picasso).
AZCA buildings (Torre Mahou).
AZCA buildings (Torre Titania,The most modern building which replaced the Tower Windsor).
The Torre Windsor the morning of February 13, 2005. Its remains were demolished and in its place today edifies the Torre Titania.

History[edit]

It is located between the streets Raimundo Fernández Villaverde, Orense, General Perón and Paseo de la Castellana. Its original conception (and its name) dates back to the Plan General de Ordenación Urbana de Madrid (PGOU), approved in 1946. The purpose of this plan was to create a huge block of modern office buildings with metro and railway connections in the expansion area of northern Madrid, just in front of Real Madrid stadium (currently named the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium) and beside the brand new government complex of Nuevos Ministerios. A botanical garden, a library and an opera house were also included in the plans, but these were never built.

The construction began in the 1970s after many delays. Nowadays some of the tallest and most beautiful modern Madrid skyscrapers are placed here. The most important are:

In February 2005, Windsor Tower (106 m) was destroyed by a fire.

During the weekend nights, the underground levels attract a Latino audience to the discos but they also have a reputation for gang violence.[1]

In 2007, a new skycraper area was built farther north along Paseo de la Castellana.

References[edit]

External links[edit]