A Course in Miracles

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A Course in Miracles
ACIM3COVER.jpg
A Course in Miracles, Combined Volume, Third Edition as published by the
Foundation for Inner Peace.
Editor Helen Schucman, Bill Thetford, and Ken Wapnick
Country United States
Language English
Subject Forgiveness
Genre Spirituality
Published 1976 (New York: Viking: The Foundation for Inner Peace)
2007 (The Foundation for Inner Peace, 3rd ed.)
Media type Softcover, hardcover, paperback MME, and Kindle, Sony & Mobipocket ebooks
Pages 1333
ISBN 978-1-883360-24-5 Soft cover
OCLC 190860865
Part of a series of articles on
New Thought

A Course in Miracles (also referred to as ACIM or the Course) is a book by Helen Schucman with portions transcribed and edited by William Thetford containing a self-study curriculum about spiritual transformation. It consists of "Text", "Workbook" and "Manual for Teachers" sections.[1] Written between 1965 and 1972, some distribution occurred by photocopies before a hardcover edition was published in 1976 by the Foundation for Inner Peace.[1] The copyright and trademarks, which had been held by two foundations, were revoked in 2004[1] after a lengthy litigation because the earliest versions had been circulated without a copyright notice.[2]

Schucman believed that an "inner voice", which she identified as Jesus, guided her writing.[3][4]

Throughout the 1980s the book was a steady seller.[1] In 1992, sales spiked after Marianne Williamson discussed the book on The Oprah Winfrey Show.[1]

Origins[edit]

A Course in Miracles was written as a collaborative venture between Schucman and Thetford. In 1965 Schucman began her professional career at the medical center as Thetford's research associate.[5] After a time of their weekly office meetings becoming more contentious, Thetford concluded that "There must be another way."[6] Schucman believed that this speech acted as a stimulus, triggering a series of inner experiences that were understood by her as visions, dreams, and heightened imagery, along with an "inner voice" which stated that it was Jesus. She said that on October 21, 1965, she believed that the "inner voice" told her: "This is a Course in Miracles, please take notes." Schucman said that the writing made her very uncomfortable, though it never seriously occurred to her to stop.[7] The next day, she explained the events of her "note taking" to Thetford. To her surprise, Thetford encouraged her to continue the process. He also offered to assist her in typing out her notes as she read them to him. The transcription the next day repeated itself regularly for many years to come. In 1972, the dictation of the first three sections was completed but the dictation of the last two sections of the material lasted until November 1977.[8]

Kenneth Wapnick helped edit the book and founded the Foundation for A Course in Miracles

Fr. Benedict Groeschel, who studied under Thetford and worked with Schucman, arranged an introduction of Kenneth Wapnick (February 22, 1942 – December 27, 2013) to Schucman and Thetford in November 1972. Groeschel was given a copy of the ACIM manuscript in 1973 and testified that he was instructed by Schucman not to distribute the manuscript; however, with Schucman's permission, he made it available to Wapnick. Wapnick reviewed the draft and discussed, with Schucman and Thetford, further revisions that he felt were needed in order to place the book in its final copyrighted and published form. Thetford then made a few further editorial decisions and stipulations about the "Principles of Miracles" section, and soon afterwards opted to withdraw from being directly involved with any further major edits to the material. Wapnick and Schucman continued to edit the manuscript by deleting personal material intended only for Schucman and Thetford, creating chapter and section headings, and correcting various inconsistencies in paragraph structure, punctuation, and capitalization.[9] This editing process was completed by approximately February 1975. Wapnick subsequently became a teacher of ACIM, a co-founder and president of the Foundation for A Course in Miracles (FACIM), and a director and executive committee member of the Foundation for Inner Peace (FIP).

Publication of FIP editions[edit]

Criswell FIP Edition

The Foundation for Inner Peace was originally called the Foundation for Para-Sensory Investigations, Inc. (FPI), and was founded on October 21, 1971, by Robert Skutch and Judith Skutch-Whitson as a non-profit organization. Robert Skutch was a businessman and writer, who for many years had been a writer of television plays and advertising copy. Skutch-Whitson was a teacher and lecturer at New York University on the science of the study of consciousness and parapsychology.

Douglas Dean was a physicist and engineer and also a friend of Skutch-Whitson. On May 29, 1975, Dean introduced Skutch-Whitson to Schucman, Thetford, and Wapnick. Soon afterwards, the three of them decided to share the 'ACIM materials with Skutch-Whitson.

In June 1976 the four of them authorized the publication of the FIP's first edition, the first three sections of ACIM were published in a set of three hardcover volumes in a 5,000 copy run, along with the publication of the supplemental booklet Psychology: Purpose, Process, Practice. The up-front printing costs for this edition were partially paid for with the help of a donation from Reed Erickson.

In 1985, FIP began publishing a single volume containing all three of the first books in single soft-cover volume.

In 1992, FIP published its second edition, a hardcover edition. This revision incorporated some minor changes within the first three sections including some editorial content additions and the addition of a verse-numbering system, as well as addition of the "Clarification of Terms" section. At this time, FIP also released the publication of the supplemental Song of Prayer booklet.

In 1995, FIP entered a five-year printing and distribution agreement, which expired in December 2000, with Penguin Books for $2.5 million.

In 1999, control of the copyrights were transferred to FACIM as headed by Wapnick.

In 2004, due to the discovery of a limited 300 edition release of the first three sections of the book before the issuance of a copyright, copyright restrictions on the first three sections of the book were removed, however the copyright restrictions on the last two sections remained in place.

In 2007, FIP began publication of its third edition, a combined edition combining the two earlier booklets, Psychotherapy: Purpose, Process, Practice and The Song of Prayer, as a new "supplemental" section in its third edition. FIP also began publication of a discounted electronic Kindle edition of the book.

In 2010 the film A Course In Miracles- The Movie was released, including a short section on Ken Wapnick.[10]

Publication of non-FIP editions[edit]

In 2004, the copyright litigation came to an end with the removal of the copyrights on the FIP 1st edition and all prior renditions. [11][12]

Several of the non-FIP editions, published after the voiding of the copyright, have their own copyrights based on the addition of material not included in the first FIP edition, and on minor stylistic adaptations such as the addition or deletion of commas. The following are three of the non-FIP editions.

A Course In Miracles - Original Edition published by the Course in Miracles Society
  • A Course in Miracles - Original Edition,[13] published by the Course in Miracles Society (CIMS).[14]
This edition is not to be confused with the FIP 1st Edition which was first published in 1976. The ACIM OE has been translated into Korean, German and Dutch with the Russian and Spanish translations in process.[15]
  • The Sparkly Edition[16]
  • The Urtext

None of the non-FIP editions were authorized for publication by Schucman, Thetford or Wapnick. The only major edition that all three editors authorized was the FIP 1st Edition as published in 1976. The FIP's second and third editions were authorized by Wapnick alone as Schucman and Thetford had died by the times of their publications.[17]

Reception[edit]

Since it first went on sale in 1976, over 2.5 million copies of A Course in Miracles have been sold worldwide.[citation needed] The text has been translated into 22 languages.[18] The book is distributed globally, forming the basis of a range of organized groups.[19]

Wapnick said that "if the Bible were considered literally true, then (from a Biblical literalist's viewpoint) the Course would have to be viewed as demonically inspired".[20] Although a friend of Schucman, Thetford, and Wapnik, Catholic priest Benedict Groeschel has criticized ACIM and the related organizations. Finding some elements of ACIM to be what he called "severe and potentially dangerous distortions of Christian theology", he wrote that it is "a good example of a false revelation"[21] and that it has "become a spiritual menace to many”.[22] The evangelical editor Elliot Miller says that Christian terminology employed in ACIM is "thoroughly redefined" to resemble New Age teachings. Other Christian critics say that ACIM is "intensely anti-Biblical" and incompatible with Christianity, blurring the distinction between creator and created and forcefully supporting the occult and New Age world view.[23]

ACIM has been the basis for a number of public speakers such as Marianne Williamson and also spiritual leaders such as Jon Mundy's Interfaith Fellowship.[2]

The skeptic Robert T. Carroll criticizes ACIM as "a minor industry" that is overly commercialized and characterizes it as "Christianity improved", saying its teachings are not original and suggesting they are culled from "various sources, east and west".[24]

A Course in Miracles The Movie[edit]

In 2010, A Course in Miracles The Movie was released featuring Ken Wapnick, Gary Renard, Jon Mundy and several other teachers and students in the community.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Miller, D. Patrick (2011-11-23). Understanding a Course in Miracles: The History, Message, and Legacy of a Spiritual Path for Today. Random House LLC. ISBN 9780307807793. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Beverley, James (2009-05-19). Nelson's Illustrated Guide to Religions: A Comprehensive Introduction to the Religions of the World. Thomas Nelson Inc. pp. 397–. ISBN 9781418577469. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "About the Scribes". Foundation for Inner Peace. Retrieved 2007-04-29. 
  4. ^ Foundation for Inner Peace. (1992). A Course In Miracles. Foundation for Inner Peace. pp. vii–viii. ISBN 0-9606388-9-X. 
  5. ^ Helen Schucman's Career
  6. ^ Helen Schucman: Autobiography, in "Origins of A Course in Miracles" 3:27-28. Foundation for Inner Peace Archives, Tiburon, CA (cited hereafter as FIPA). 
  7. ^ Skutch, Robert. Journey Without Distance: The Story Behind A Course in Miracles. Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, CA, 1984, p. 58.
  8. ^ Final Dictation of The Song of Prayer
  9. ^ "The Story of A Course In Miracles = Documentary where Bill Thetford, Helen Schucman, and Ken Wapnick talk about A Course In Miracles". Retrieved 2011-02-21. 
  10. ^ IMDb Movie listing of [http://www.acimthemovie.com/ A Course In Miracles- The Movie]
  11. ^ Copyright Litigation "Final Order"
  12. ^ Post 2003 FIP copyright policies
  13. ^ Course in Miracles Society. (2006). A Course In Miracles. ISBN 978-09764200-7-1
  14. ^ Course in Miracles Society [CIMS] a non-profit organization
  15. ^ Translation Project ACIM OE – Europe
  16. ^ http://acimsearch.org/ Sparkly
  17. ^ "Circle of Atonement: The Versions of A Course in Miracles". COA article - edition changes
  18. ^ "ACIM Translations". Foundation for Inner Peace. Retrieved 2009-09-28. 
  19. ^ Bradby, Ruth, "A course in miracles in Ireland". 147 - 162 in Olivia Cosgrove et al. (eds), Ireland's new religious movements. Cambridge Scholars, 2011
  20. ^ Dean C. Halverson, “Seeing Yourself as Sinless”, SCP Journal 7, no. 1 (l987): 23.
  21. ^ Groeschel, Benedict J., A Still Small Voice (San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1993) 80
  22. ^ Groeschel, Benedict J., A Still Small Voice (San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1993) 82
  23. ^ Newport, John P. (1998). The New Age movement and the biblical worldview: conflict and dialogue. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8028-4430-9. 
  24. ^ Carroll, Robert Todd (2003). The skeptic's dictionary: a collection of strange beliefs, amusing deceptions, and dangerous delusions. John Wiley and Sons. ISBN 978-0-471-27242-7. 

External links[edit]