This dissertation was published concurrently with The Nature of True Virtue, and the two works have much in common, specifically the assertion that God's aim in creating the world was not human happiness but his own glory.
Edwards argues against the people of his day that claimed that human happiness was the end for which God created the world. Edwards instead puts forth the idea that the reason for God's creation of the world was not human happiness, but the magnification of his own glory and name. Edwards then continues to argue that since true happiness comes from God alone, human happiness is an extension of God's glory, and that there are "ultimate" ends and "chief" ends, but they all end at the same conclusion. Edwards, like in Virtue, discusses how there is no true happiness without being happy in God.
Modern day evangelicals such as John Piper still use Edwards' works today in their own congregations. In his book God's Passion for His Glory, which includes the complete text of The End for Which God Created the World as the second half of the book, Piper argues that the longer he lives "the more clearly I see my dependence on those who have gone before," that "Edwards's relentless God-centeredness and devotion to the Biblical contours of doctrine are profoundly needed in our day," and that Edwards is in "a class by himself in American history, perhaps in the history of Christendom."
^ abEdwards, Jonathan (1998). Piper, John, ed. A Dissertation Concerning the End for Which God Created the World. Wheaton, Illinois: Crossway Books. pp. 138–41. ISBN1-58134-745-6.|accessdate= requires |url= (help)
^Piper, John (1998). "Preface". God's Passion for His Glory: Living the Vision of Jonathan Edwards. Wheaton Illinois: Crossway Books. pp. xi–xii. ISBN1-58134-745-6.|accessdate= requires |url= (help)