A Message to Garcia
A Message to Garcia was published originally as a filler without a title in the March 1899 issue of the magazine Philistine which Elbert Hubbard edited, but was quickly reprinted as a pamphlet and a book. It was very popular, selling more than 40 million copies, and being translated into 37 languages. It also became a well-known allusion of American popular and business culture until the middle of the 20th century. According to language expert Charles Earle Funk, "to take a message to Garcia" was for years a popular American slang expression for taking initiative and is still used by some members of the military.
With tension increasing between the United States and Spain (which then ruled Cuba), President William McKinley desired to initiate communication with the Cuban rebels, who could prove a valuable ally in case of war with Spain. McKinley asked Colonel Arthur L. Wagner to suggest an officer to seek Calixto García, one of the commanders of the rebels. Wagner suggested Andrew Rowan, a lieutenant, who traveled to Cuba via Jamaica. Rowan met Garcia in the Oriente Mountains and established a rapport. Rowan garnered information from Garcia, who was eager to cooperate with the Americans with regard to fighting the Spanish. Rowan returned to the US and was given command of a force of "Immunes"—African-American troops assumed to be immune to the tropical diseases found in Cuba. He received the Distinguished Service Cross.
A Message to Garcia was first made into a motion picture during 1916 by Thomas A. Edison, Inc. The silent movie was directed by Richard Ridgely and featured Robert Conness, Mabel Trunnelle, and Charles Sutton as Garcia. Later (1936) A Message to Garcia (1936 film) was made by Twentieth Century Fox that was directed by George Marshall and featured Wallace Beery, Barbara Stanwyck, John Boles, Alan Hale, Herbert Mundin, Mona Barrie, and Enrique Acosta as Garcia.
The Seattle-based band Visqueen released an album during 2009 titled "Message to Garcia".
|Look up carry the message to Garcia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Text with background material.
- How I Carried the Message to Garcia by Andrew Summers Rowan.
- With Elbert Hubbard's theme in mind, A Message to Garcia by Otto Oldenburg.
- Un Message à Garcia : a french translation.
- 1916 silent film: A Message to Garcia at the Internet Movie Database
- 1936 "talkie" film: A Message to Garcia at the Internet Movie Database